To provide evidence for his argument, Rid first establishes the meaning of war based on history after which he thoroughly examines contemporary events that have been largely referred to as embodiments of cyber warfare. For example, he cites the cases of Georgia, Estonia and Siberian pipeline explosions as incidences that have been considered cyber war. (Rid, Cyber War Will Not Take Place, 2012) However, he goes on to analyze each case as to whether they embody any of the three elements that define war. For instance, in the case of Georgia he argues that despite the war rhetoric by the international press, there was no actual violence that could be directly linked to the cyber-attack itself. In addition, there was not political attribution as no one accepted responsibility and no one was conclusively adjudged responsible. (Rid, Cyber War Will Not Take Place, 2012) He therefore concludes that ...
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...nfluence while for Israel it would be to ensure their internal security. As the Chinese economy attempts to catch up with the US economy, they are under increasing pressure to bolster the technological capability of Chinese enterprises resulting in increased espionage activities. On the other hand, the US attempts to sustain its economic and military power and espionage will play a critical role. The U.S. has virtually limitless resources in advancing their cyber capabilities, both to protect economic interests and domestic security. In the case of Israel, their geopolitical positions necessitated the need to use any means possible to ensure their national security and espionage and sabotage will continue to play a critical role in threat. Israel’s cyber capability has been refined to become one of the most effective counter-intelligence programs in the world.
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