Controversy, controversy, and more controversy; and, here again, we have varied opinions as to how intelligence is defined. Psychologists continue to debate as to what exactly constitutes or defines intelligence. Whether it is an aptitude, or a range of aptitudes or a single general intelligence derived from a mental ability or physical ability continues to be the argument.
According to David Myers (2014) “Intelligence experts agree: Intelligence is a concept and not a “thing” (p. 368). Some researchers believe intelligence is measured by a battery of tests but later understanding that intelligence is not a quality that can be measured and consistently have the same meaning universally. Culture plays an important role in defining intelligence and so it will vary from one culture to another. Some researchers believe “intelligence is the ability to learn from experiences, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations” (Myers, 2014, p. 368).
Intelligence being one general ability or the excelling from multiple abilities is an argument that remains to be unresolved today. Questions to be answered are where does intelligence come from? Can it be measured and how? And so, we have different theories proposed to explain the nature of intelligence.
“Charles Spearman (1863-1945) believed we have one general intelligence (often shortened to g). He granted that people often have special abilities that stand out and he helped develop factor analysis, a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items. But Spearman also found that those who score high in one area, such as verbal intelligence, typically score higher than average in other areas, such as spatial or reasoni...
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...pon the foundation that has been laid.
My strongest intelligence area in my opinion is in the area of computers. The computer field was made known to me in my senior year of high school in 1968. A company named Sherwin Williams came to my high school to participate in a program that was designed to help hardcore or C average students with a career choice. They gave me an aptitude test and after graduation I had a job with them as a Junior Computer Operator.
It was a field that has served me well and a field that held my interest and fascinated me for years to come. As I saw and experienced the numerous technological advancements made through the years and evolve into what it is today, my dream to be like those men that worked at IBM came true. Who would have thought that this little busboy would retire as a Computer Network Administrator, certainly not me.
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