Discuss Unipolar mood disorders, including dysthymic disorder and
major depressive disorder.
Unipolar disorders are also referred to as Major depressive disorder (MDD), it’s majorly characterized by a persistent and an omnipresent bad temper. These symptoms are usually accompanied by loss of pleasure and interest in previously entertaining activities and a low self-esteem. It is a depressive disorder that is disabling; it affects one’s family, school life or work, eating and sleeping habits adversely. In general, one’s health is affected. Most people suffering from this disorder end up committing suicide. Major depressive disorder diagnosis is based usually based on self-reported incidences by the patient and those reported by friends and relatives. In most cases, the onset of this disorder is between the ages of 20 and 30 years and peaks at the ages of 30 and 40 years. Antidepressant medication is used for treatment of people with this disorder alongside counseling, specifically, cognitive behavioral therapy (Baldwin RC 2008).
Dysthymia disorder is usually a mild and chronic depression form. Its symptoms last for at least two years and at times longer than that. This disorder interferes with one’s ability to work well and lack joy in their lives. People with dysthymia can’t remember the last time they were happy, inspired or excited. They always experience a hard time when it comes to happiness and seem to have had lifelong depression. These people are usually quiescent and reserved; they agonize frequently and have very low self esteem. Sluggishness, irritability, guilt and regular sleeplessness are common symptoms for dysthymia.
Qsn 2. Discuss s...
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...hat can be treated using medication. They are deficits of the ordinary poignant responses or of contemplation processes. Little emotions and flat expressions, speech poverty, decreased urge to create relationships and lack of the ability to experience pleasure and deficiency of motivation are the major negative symptoms of schizophrenia. These symptoms mostly contribute to the poor life quality, functional ability and burden on others than in case of the positive symptoms (Brunet-Gouet E, December 2006).
Schizophrenia development results from coupling of genetic and environmental factors. People with the history of schizophrenia in their family lines have a 20-40% chance of being diagnosed with schizophrenia. During the development of the foetus, some factors like stress, hypoxia, malnutrition and infection pose a risk for schizophrenia development later in life
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