Summary : ' The Handbook Of The Indians Of California ' Essay

Summary : ' The Handbook Of The Indians Of California ' Essay

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ALFRED LOUIS KROEBER 1876-1960
Idealistic.
Kroeber one of three students who decided to make his seminar in American Indian languages at the University of Columbia with Boas; the results obtained of the fieldwork with the "Arapajos" of Wyoming, "Shoshone", "Utes", and “bannocks". With this work Kroeber a broad and influential Anthropology book:, "The Handbook of the Indians of California," where he did an incredible amount of ethnographic case and become one of the major reference book on American ethnology, in most parts of the globe, Mexico and Peru, India and east and Southeast Asia.
Kroeber, theoretical issue that stands out was the problem of the super-organic, he explains that the way in which culture was formed in recognizable and persistent models was the importance of the super-organic. The basic principle is that groups often develop cultural settings and when the models are developed in cultural models, geniuses are grouped within certain periods in relation to cultural growth.
Culture and society,
We can understand culture, based on the first sense denoting the action to grow and cultivate involves, having attention and care, cultivation and harvesting are rich, and the first dimension of culture, anthropology, is the internalization and enrichment each subject through learning. "Culture means as have knowledge, inner wealth, that is in an intimate mute. The origin of all culture is the creative and emotional core of the person, a wisdom that grows inside, because it is grown, and then get out. “Kroeber’s understanding of culture, was similar to the above definition, however, uses a proprietary term, namely super-organic term that encompasses culture and civilization. Super-organic designated "consideration of act...


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...ence the interpretation of opposition. And describes the analysis of kinship terminologies Kröber of “emic”, because for him Kroeber theories are treated in a semantic analysis. Kroeber had a posture of aggressive opposition to other strategies other than empathy he proposed that would have probably led to the formulation of the laws governing the diachronic and synchronic research processes. (If it was Harris and not Kroeber, of course. He firmly rejected the nomothetic perspective and subscribed Boasian conclusion that all generalizations proved trivial need. It is firm in his conviction that "the findings of history can never be tests verified as natural science” According to Harris, the anthropological style Kroeber was maintained in all aspects within the Boasian program, which he added to it were but contributions to an open rejection of any scientific claim.

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