Many tribes and portions of tribes had been removed to Arkansas Territory and further west of the Mississippi River as they suffered tragedy and a mass loss in numbers. So I believe that they should not have been forced to move from their lands. When looking into the passages from white and Cherokee resources you can see a recurring theme of prejudice with the white sources. In Andrew Jackson’s annual message he states “It has been policy of Government to introduce among them the arts of civilization, in the hope of gradually reclaiming them from a wandering life” (Wheeler 187). ... ... middle of paper ... ...s well as 2,500 or more died in the makeshift stockades before the journey, and 13,149 who began the trip, only 11,504 arrived in Indian Territory” (Wheeler 185).
Native Americans were forced from their homes in Georgia, the Carolinas, and Florida; then, were forced to walk to present-day Oklahoma to find new homes. The Trail of Tears is the worst American tragedy because the Native Americans were forced to leave their homes, to travel across the country just to find a home, to establish their own civilizations, tribe leaders began to betray their tribes, and many died due to the genocide. First, the Europeans forced the Native Americans from their homes because the Europeans needed a place to live. The Europeans also found gold on the Cherokee land. This resulted in the Georgia Gold Rush.
That number is cut in half today because several tribes were wiped out over the years from disease and lack of recognition from the government. The article Facts about Indian Reservations says even though there are around 565 Native American tribes today, there are only 310 reservations (About.com). This is because some tribes simply do not have a reservation, and some tribes share land. Most of the reservations and west of the Mississippi River and are in the Northwest region of the United States. The natives felt independent and separate from the white settlers.
They helped the settlers learn to live the way they did – to use nature to its fullest and to respect it. Meanwhile, millions of Indians were dying from the diseases brought over from Europe. Indian villages were burned to stop the spread of disease. The settlers were scared of these diseases that no one seemed to understand. They blamed the Native Americans for deaths of settlers that were due to the diseases.
Native Americans had to give up their lands and head out west due to the American government. Fights and treaties had occurred alongside the way of their situations, such as the Northwest Ordinance that included the Northwest Indian War. It also affected the statistics population of Native Americans in the United States. Diseases and fights resolved in many deaths of the Native Americans, dramatically decreasing the whole Native Americans population total. That is how and why the Native Americans affected the United States.
By first settlers, Native Americans were called red- skinned, however, their skins were not red - many tribes used to paint their bodies with that colour (Franz and Minderhout 2008: 82- 83. Frequently used term Indians was coined by Christopher Columbus in 1492, as he believed that he had reached India. (Hamby 2005: 6- 7) The first Native Americans led a nomadic life, moving into today's mainland United States. The change of the climate and extensive hunting caused the extinction of large mammals, which forced indigenous people to introduce primitive agriculture. The setting up of the first settlements about 1000 BC encouraged the ancient Indians to introduce basketry, handicraft and farming.
This was a catalyst towards the devastation of the American Indian culture... ... middle of paper ... ...mises such as owning their land “as long waters run and the grass shall grow.” The Indians would have continued to live "until the end of time" if the white settlers had not intervened. The white settlers created conditions that threatened the existence of the Indians. By the late 1800s, most of the tribes had now been almost completely abolished. The Indians were either beaten into submission or succumbed to the many contagious diseases brought on by the settlers. By the start of the 1900s there were less than one quarter million Native American Indians in the country.
Further, it included provisions and monetary annuities, to assist the people to make a new start. One half of the people were to depart almost immediately, the rest the next year. On March 27, 1838, congress did not accept the request for the relief of the Cherokee. Many then saw their land and property sold before their own eyes. The "conveyances" promised turn out to be a forced march.
Sioux, angered by the loss of much of their land, killed 5 white Americans. What resulted was over 1,000 deaths, of white and Native Americans. From that point on, American policy was to force Indians off of their land. American troops would force Indian tribe leaders to accept treaties taking their land from them. Protests or resistance by the Indians would result in fighting.
The finding of the New World by the European explorers made many problems for the American Indians. The first time meeting of southeastern American Indians and Europeans was the exploring of Hernando De Soto in 1504. There were many people affected by diseases coming from the Europeans spreading through the Indian villages. Throughout the next two centuries more white settlers came, and the native cultures acted to pressures by adopting the foreign ways to deal with their problems. After the American Revolution was over the Indians got more problems.