Suicide used as an act of terrorism can be seen as far back as the first century AD with the Jewish Zealots and Sicarii, the Ismaili Assassins of the twelfth century, and the anti-colonial movements in Malabar. The use of suicide in these cases are largely seen as the result of early education, the appearance of charismatic and ambitious leaders, disputes over occupied territory, and religion used to manipulate followers to kill in the name of god. The Japanese were no exception to this pattern. The Japanese Samurai tradition and the Bushido code of ethics promoted s...
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... learn ways of prevention and protection against this increasingly lethal and widespread act of terrorism. This act does not need to be conducted by a group or in war but can be carried out by a single individual willing to sacrifice themselves while killing thousands in the process.
Bloom, Mia. Dying to kill: the allure of suicide terror. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005.
Chaliand, Gérard, Arnaud Blin, Edward D. Schneider, Kathryn Pulver, and Jesse Browner. The history of terrorism: from antiquity to al Qaeda. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007.
Gambetta, Diego. Making sense of suicide missions. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Nitobe, InazoÌ„. Bushido, the soul of Japan,. 12th ed. Tokyo: Teibi Pub. Co., 19071904.
Worden, William L.. "Kamikaze: Aerial Banzai Charge." The Saturday Evening Post, June 23, 1945.
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