Bullying is an everyday occurrence in schools around the world (Murray-Harvey, Skryzpiec, & Slee, 2012). Bullying usually involves “physical, verbal, or relational aggression designed to cause or threaten physical or emotional harm to the intended victim that is delivered directly or through technological means” (Banks, Blake, Ewing, & Lund, 2012, p. 246). Though bullying and harassment occur every day, it is something that can be prevented through the use of effective prevention and intervention strategies.
Bullying Prevention Strategies
Research shows that there are several effective strategies available to help prevent bullying and harassment. The effectiveness of these strategies depend on a few factors; the school dynamic and the willingness of the staff to implement these strategies (Banks, Blake, Ewing, & Lund, 2012). Before a strategy can be implemented, it is important that the faculty, staff, and students understand the definition of bullying (Brunner & Lewis, 2009). There are many misconceptions about what bullying actually is. Oftentimes what is reported as bullying actually is a one-time occurrence. It is best that bullying is understood to be composed of three components: intent of harm, intimidating behaviors over time, and an imbalance of power (Brunner & Lewis, 2009). Once a definition of bullying has been established with the faculty, staff, and students, additional strategies to prevent bullying and harassment can be implemented.
Educating the faculty, staff, and students about the signs of bullying, as well as the school and district repercussions is another effective set of strategies to prevent bullying and harassment (Brunner & Lewi...
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...on, D., Jenson, J., & Williford, A. (2013). Effects of the youth matters prevention program on patterns of bullying and victimization in elementary and middle school. Social Work Research, 37(4), 361-372. Retrieved 04 15, 2014
Brunner, J., & Lewis, D. (2009). Safe & secure schools: 27 strategies for prevention and intervention. Thousand Oaks: Corwin Press.
Heritage Elementary School. (2013). Heritage Elementary School Student/Parent Handbook. Retrieved 10 20, 2013, from Heritage Elementary School: https://classroom.peoriaud.k12.az.us/sites/dkidd/General/ACCEPTABLE%20USE%20OF%20SCHOOL%20COMPUTERS.pdf
Murray-Harvey, R., Skryzpiec, G., & Slee, P. (2012). Effective and ineffective coping with bullying strategies as assessed by informed professionals and their use by victimised students. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counseling, 22(1), 122-138. Retrieved 04 15, 2014
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