In order to provide the framework for this essay, it is important to outline the different types of euthanasia. Passive euthanasia refers to a physician ending the treatment needed to keep a person alive. Active euthanasia refers to an act in which a person participates in a mercy killing. (DiCarlo February 22,2016) I must also distinguish between voluntary euthanasia, in which a patient expresses their desire to die as opposed to involuntary euthanasia where a person is not in a position to decide i.e. coma. Finally to be clear, the supreme court of Canada has ruled active euthanasia for adults with grievous and incurable diseases to be legal in the Carter v Canada decision in February 2015. (Fine) However, I believe it is still important to have this discussion in order to go over the possible reasons why this choice was made.
In Canada, ending medical intervention through passive euthanasia is common. It is commonly seen as a humane way of ending a person’s suffering. However directly or indirectly, physicians are involved in influencing the death of the patient in both types of euthanasia. Although there are individuals who beg to differ, I do not believe there is a ...
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... should be legal in Canada. This is due to the fact that passive euthanasia is morally equivalent to active euthanasia, people have freedom of choice and that it provides the greatest amount of happiness for the most people. Although there will be individuals who disagree with my position, and may have valid criticisms against it, I believe that I have provided adequate arguments to have an effective discussion on why active euthanasia should and has been legalized in Canada.
"Constitution Acts, 1867 to 1982." Legislative Services Branch. Web. 16 Mar. 2016.
Hofsess, John. "I Helped Eight People End Their Lives. By the Time You Read This, I 'll Have Ended Mine | Toronto Life." Toronto Life. 2016. Web. 21 Mar. 2016.
Fine, Sean. "Supreme Court Rules Canadians Have Right to Doctor-assisted Suicide." The Globe and Mail. 6 Feb. 2015. Web. 16 Mar. 2016.
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