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Metabolism and Energy

- Metabolism is defined the sum of all chemical reactions which occurs and are involved in sustaining life of a cell, and thus an organism. Metabolism is of the following two types: catabolism and anabolism. In catabolism, molecules break down producing energy During anabolism, synthesis of essential compounds needed by the cells are produced (such as DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis). Bioenergetics describes the metabolic pathways by which a cell obtains energy. Nutrition science studies the relation between food substance and living things....   [tags: Metabolism, anabolism, catabolism]

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Ethanol Reduces Cellular Energy Supply By Altering The Metabolism

- Ethanol reduces cellular energy supply by altering the metabolism in mitochondria. While there are two other pathways in which ethanol can be metabolized, I introduce the mitochondria because it is responsible for synthesizing the ATP needed by our cells. The oxidation reaction that occurs in response to the presence of cellular ethanol causes an increase in the production of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydrate (NADH) via the electron transport chain in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Metabolism of ethanol bypasses the metabolic control of the Krebs cycle dehydrogenases which regulate the amount of NADH produced by the electron transport system....   [tags: Metabolism, Cellular respiration]

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The Effect Of Starch On Carbohydrates, The Main Focal Point Of Carbohydrate Metabolism And Energy Production

- Starch in carbohydrates is the major source of dietary glucose which is the main focal point of carbohydrate metabolism and energy production. The energy generation process runs through a number of different metabolic pathways of glucose oxidation and is divided into 4 main stages. Digestion Following a meal, it is the first stage of carbohydrate metabolism which breaks down food molecules into smaller chemical units that can be utilised further by various cells. Small amount of complex carbohydrates begin their digestion in the mouth where the amylase enzyme from saliva catalyses the hydrolyses of complex starch molecules and the production of smaller polysaccharide and disaccharide molecul...   [tags: Adenosine triphosphate, Metabolism, Glycolysis]

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Investigating The Identity Of An Unknown Microorganism By Studying Metabolism Through Varying Tests

- The purpose of this experiment was to successfully determine the identity of an unknown microorganism by studying the metabolism through varying tests. These results were then analyzed and compared to a table of known test results for a list of organisms in order to determine the identity of the unknown. Upon the completion of the wide array of metabolic tests, including the API20E test strip, it was concluded that the unknown microorganism was P. mirabilis. A major factor that aided in determining the identity of the microorganism involved the motility, indole, and ornithine decarboxylase (MIO) test....   [tags: Metabolism, Enzyme, Glucose, Organism]

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How Metabolism Is Important For Life And Serve A Wide Range Of Important Functions

- Introduction: Metabolism is the physical and chemical processes involved in maintaining life by generating, storing, and expending energy, it occurs inside the cells of the body (Mandal, 2009). Metabolism is also aided by enzymes, those are vital for life and serve a wide range of important functions in the body. Enzymes work as catalysts, speeding up the rate of chemical reactions without being consumed in the process. They are highly selective catalysts, meaning that each enzyme only speeds up a specific reaction....   [tags: Glucose, Carbon dioxide, Carbohydrate, Metabolism]

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Overview of Metabolism

- Metabolism The essential task of proteins is to act as enzymes-catalysts that increase the rate of practically all chemical reactions within cells. A catalyst is a substance that speeds up a chemical process without being consumed in the process. When a catalyzed reaction occurs, the reactants are converted into the products faster than they would be without the catalyst. In the absence of enzymatic catalysis, most biochemical outcomes are so slow that they would not occur under the weak conditions of temperature and pressure that are consistent with life....   [tags: Anatomy, proteins, enzymes-catalists]

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The Process of Krebs Cycle in Metabolism

- Energy is needed by living organisms to perform work in their daily life. In plants, energy originates from the Sun as light energy and converted to carbohydrate, fat and protein while in human beings and animals, energy originates from the source of food through Krebs cycle. Krebs cycle is defined as “a central part of the energetic metabolism that contributes to the generation of ATP by the chemical breakdown of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. It is a series of chemical reactions catalysed by enzymes occurring in the inside of mitochondria called the matrix and which can be disposed circularly” (Nazaret, Heiske, Thurley, & Mazat, 2008, p....   [tags: turning food into energy]

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The Importance of Enzymes in Human Metabolism

- ... The substrate is then broken down into smaller molecules which our body can then absorb. The name ‘amylase’ is the name typically given to enzymes that break down starch. When rice is eaten by humans, our salivary glands secrete an enzyme called amylase. Amylase, however, can only digest starch which is abundant in cooked white rice. The digestion process only begins again once the stomach content is passed into the first section of the first intestine where more amylase is made available due to the pancreas that secretes it once the contents has passed through the stomach....   [tags: enzymatic functions inside our body]

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Metabolism and Energy: Catabolism and Anabolism

- Metabolism is defined the sum of all chemical reactions which occur and are involved in sustaining life of a cell, and thus an organism. Metabolism is of two types: Catabolism: in this process molecules break down producing energy Anabolism: in this process synthesis of essential compounds needed by the cells are produced (such as DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis). Bioenergetics describes the metabolic pathways by which a cell obtains energy. Nutrition science studies the relation between the food substance and living things....   [tags: food, calories, cells, dna, rna]

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Diabetes Mellitus As A Disorder Of The Metabolism

- About Diabetes Diabetes Mellitus is commonly known as diabetes. It is usually chronic and affects the body’s ability to regulate sugar (WebMD,2016). This disease has three types; type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational. These three types are different from one another in how they affect a person and for how long. This disease, if not properly addressed, can have very serious side effects that can cause problems for an individual that has diabetes. Diabetes can be prevented or at the very least controlled through proper nutrition and exercise....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Blood sugar, Insulin]

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Roles of Metabolism and Behavior in Obesity

- INTRODUCTION As you know obesity is a major healthcare issue globally. Scientist are still trying to understand this complex problem . Metabolism and behavioral factors appear to play a role in this serious condition. Food that our bodies do not immediately use or burn is stored as fat. This accumulation of fat can lead to weight gain, which can lead to obesity. We can fight obesity with simple nutritional changes and with a change in our everyday lives. Amercian views on obesity are not as strong as they should be .Obesity is a condition which is usually defined as person's body mass index (BMI)....   [tags: epidemic, food, health]

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The Metabolic Metabolism Of Fructose

- Enzymes are amazing biological catalysts. In fact, the human body would not live without enzymes due to the chemical reactions compelled to sustain the body clearly would not develop quickly enough. Enzymes do not cause a reaction to happen that would already be taking place they just make it faster. Second, the enzyme molecule is not completely transformed by the reaction. It may be altered momentarily, although the enzyme at the closing of the reaction is the identical molecule it had been at the beginning....   [tags: Adenosine triphosphate, Glycolysis]

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Cellular Energy And Energy Metabolism

- There are many cellular processes through which animals must endure in order to what they are supposed to do. Animals withstand procedures such as cellular energy, or energy metabolism, how they grow, how they reproduce, and how they provide new variation throughout each generation. There are many reasons to why all these processes define biological life. One of the many reasons biological life is possible is because of energy metabolism. Electron carriers play a crucial role for energy metabolism....   [tags: Cell cycle, Mitosis, Chromosome, Eukaryote]

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Sleep Deprivation And Brain Metabolism

- SLEEP DEPRIVATION AND BRAIN METABOLISM Sleep deprivation induces changes in brain metabolism and neural activation that involve distributed networks and connectivity.1 Early Positron Emission Tomography (PET) sleep deprivation studies found metabolic rate reductions in thalamic, parietal, and prefrontal regions associated with prolonged sleep loss.4, 86 More recent blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies showed significant declines in regional brain activation during cognitive task performance after one night of total sleep deprivation....   [tags: Sleep deprivation, Sleep, Prefrontal cortex, Brain]

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Calcium Metabolism and Calcium Homeostasis

- Calcium regulation has significant effects on the human body's capacity to maintain homeostasis. Around 99% of the body's calcium is found within the skeleton in the form of calcium salts. The remaining 1% is found in blood and controlled within a very narrow range by an elaborate system of controls to provide for fundamental processes (Marieb & Hoehn 2010). Calcium is the most abundant cation found in human bodies, vital to normal function of a host of processes including: nerve excitability, hormone secretion, blood clotting, taste transduction, muscle function and cellular adhesion (Hutchins 2014)....   [tags: Calcium regulation]

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Grapefruit's Affect on Metabolism

- After looking into the information available it is definitely possible that grapefruit can have a negative affect on warfarin metabolism. Grapefruit, in general, can affect the metabolism of many different medications by acting on the cytochrome P-450 enzyme system.2 This system is mainly located in the small intestine and the liver.2 Grapefruit affects many different enzymes within this system including 3A4, 1A2, and 2A6.2 Some of these enzymes are also involved in the metabolism of warfarin and they are CYP1A2 and CYP3A4.2 The enzyme CYP3A4 appears to be the main concern and there are a couple compounds found within grapefruit that are potential contributors to altered metabolism of CYP3A...   [tags: warfarin, consumption, patient]

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Effective Tips On Metabolism And Weight Loss

- 10 Effective Tips To Boost Your Metabolism and Weight Loss How to Boost Your Metabolism and Weight Loss It is a constant struggle for many to enhance their metabolism and weight loss. Many are looking for ways to make such a huge change in their metabolism level. You can burn and lose significant weight without a lot of added activity or at least faster. Metabolism is the level that the body makes and consumes calories needed for life. There are plenty of reasons that affect the metabolism level and can change at different times depending on how frequent a person eats....   [tags: Physical exercise, Obesity, Exercise, Muscle]

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The Classification Of Organisms And Structure, Metabolism, And Habitat

- The classification of microorganisms has always been more challenging than the classification of larger organisms. This is due, in large part, to the inability to easily see microorganisms and understand their functions. It is much easier for someone to see an animal or plant, process the characteristics, and group it with similar organisms. To overcome this, the scientific community was able to group microorganisms into broad categories. There are many categories, but the focus of this paper will be on three....   [tags: Bacteria, Microbiology, Staining]

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Implicit Role of Metabolism in Microbial Control

- Implicit role of metabolism in microbial control For many years, the process of microbial control has become one of the most discussed topics around the world. Numerous studies have evolved from the process of microbial control and the implication of metabolism. Metabolism in microbial control is one of the most important pathways into disrupting the chemical reactions of microbes. By disturbing the catabolic and anabolic process of energy, the cell can no longer use ATP to synthesize or to continue on multiplying....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

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A Research Study On The Morphology, Metabolism, And Eukarya

- Until a decade ago, domain Archaea was thought to be consisted of most extremophiles that inhibits a variety of extreme environments including high saline concentration environment. The concept was debunk since halophiles, the organisms that live in high saline environment, exist in all three domain of life: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya. Microbiologist has been interested in studying on halophiles since it has played a big role in human society since ancient time. In the time before refrigeration, people usually preserved fishes using salts in order to prevent the deterioration of the fish, and they still continue this practice even in today society (Vreeland, 2012)....   [tags: Archaea, Bacteria, Amino acid, Microbiology]

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Digestion and Metabolism of the Koala

- Digestion and Metabolism of the Koala Koalas’ diets consist solely of Eucalyptus, which has many defensive mechanisms to deter herbivores. The foliage contains chemicals that are toxic and interfere with digestion, such as condensed and hydrolysable tannins, phenolic compounds, cyanogenic glycosides, and essential oils. The leaves also contain low concentrations of nutrients, making it even more difficult for the extraction of nutrients. In order to obtain the maximum amount of nutrients, koalas select leaves that have high nitrogen content, minimum levels of water and essential oils, and low in condensed tannins....   [tags: Microbiology Marsupials Essays]

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The Processes Of Energy Capture And Metabolism For Living Organisms

- 5. Describe the processes of energy capture and metabolism for living organisms and how they relate to one another. Be sure to address photosynthesis, glycolysis, fermentation, and respiration. Photosynthesis is one process of energy capture for living organisms. The formula for photosynthesis is 3CO2 + 6H2O + light  C3H6O3 + 3O2 + 3H2O. Basically, during this process, light energy is captured and converted into chemical energy, but it goes much deeper than that. First, light is captured by chloroplasts that contain pigments that capture different photons of light and then reflect different colors....   [tags: Adenosine triphosphate, Cellular respiration]

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A Research On Nutrition And Metabolism For Human Health And Disease

- The Latin phrase “Esse quam videri”, which means “To be, rather than to seem (to be)", has grown to be the foundation of my undergraduate, clinical and professional work since I was introduced to it at Drexel University in 2009. This moto speaks beyond just being true to oneself; it covers a multitude of core values. It represents one’s accountability, knowledge, respectfulness, experience, visions, dreams and goals. Everybody is a nutrition expert, but not everybody is an expert on nutrition. I am looking to enhance my career by advancing my studies and research of nutrition and metabolism for human health and disease....   [tags: Nutrition, Health, Medicine, Nutrient]

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Effect Of Temp On Endo And Ectotherms (metabolism)

- Animal metabolism consists of the utilization of nutrients absorbed from the digestive tract and their catabolism as fuel for energy or their conversion into substances of the body. Metabolism is a continuous process because the molecules and even most cells of the body have brief lifetimes and are constantly replaced, while tissue as a whole maintains its characteristic structure. This constant rebuilding process without a net change in the amount of a cell constituent is known as dynamic equilibrium (Grolier1996)....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Diabetes : A Disorder Of The Metabolism Causing Excessive Thirst And The Production Of Large Amounts Of Urine

- Diabetes is “a disorder of the metabolism causing excessive thirst and the production of large amounts of urine.” In this report i will be discussing the main symptoms of diabetes, what insulin is and what the differences are between type 1 and type 2 diabetes and what are the long term implications of diabetes. What are the main symptoms of diabetes. One of the main symptoms of diabetes is constantly being thirsty and never being able to quench your thirst. Another symptom which ties in with the first is need to urinate often, these symptoms are because your body is not making enough insulin or using it properly....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Obesity, Blood sugar]

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Glutaric Aciduria is Caused by a Deficiency of a Key Enzyme in the Metabolism of Lysine

- Glutaric aciduria type 1 (GA1) is a rare organic aciduria. It is caused by deficiency of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase; a key enzyme in the metabolism of lysine, hydroxylisine and tryptophan. Patients can suffer selective striatal degeneration that presents as motor delay, dystonia or acute motor regression during infancy. The symptoms are due to the accumulation of toxic metabolites and can be precipitated by periods of acute illness, infectious disease, immunizations and surgery. Management of GA1 relies on preemptive diagnosis followed by protein restriction, sustained carbohydrate intake during illness and promoting renal clearance of organic acids....   [tags: screening, infancy, toxic]

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Gender Based Differences in Fuel Metabolism in Response to Long Duration Exercise

- Gender Based Differences in Fuel Metabolism in Response to Long Duration Exercise The objective of this study was aimed to determine gender-based differences in fuel metabolism in response to long duration exercise. Another way of saying is through a simple question . . . Which gender metabolizes a greater amount of fats vs. carbohydrates at the same relative intensity level. Fuel metabolism responses from exercise were compared in a sample of 14 men and 13 women during a 2 hour (40% of maximal of uptake) of cycling and a 2 hour post-exercise recovery period....   [tags: Papers]

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Definitions of Wax, Steroids and Hormones

-  1. Wax: Biological waxes are esters of long-chain (C14 to C36) saturated and unsaturated fatty acids with long-chain (C16 to C30) alcohols. Their melting points (60 to 100 _C) are generally higher than those of triacylglycerols.In plankton, the free-floating microorganism sat the bottom of the food chain for marine animals, and waxes are the chief storage form of metabolic fuel. Waxes also serve a diversity of other functions related to their water-repellent properties and their firm consistency....   [tags: Metabolism, Animals]

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The Dietary Guidelines For Food Intake

- Moderation is vital in all aspects of life and is necessary for overall health, including with one’s food intake. Protein is one of the many important nutrient building blocks that is necessary for proper growth and good health. However, eating excessive amounts of any nutrient or inadequate amounts, can cause various health concerns. Scientists have been able to estimate the amount of nutrients that the body requires. However, the amount of any particular nutrient varies from person to person, depending on your “age, sex, general health status, physical activity level, and use of medications and drugs” (Schiff 2013)....   [tags: Nutrition, Metabolism]

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Thyrod Hormone and Gland

- Thyroid hormones are Tyrosine based hormones that require triidothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4). These hormones are produced by the thyroid gland. The Thyroid gland is primarily known for the regulation of metabolism, as well as proper production of T3 and T4. Iodine is the main component that is needed. Dysfunction of Iodine can lead to decreased production of T3 and T4, resulting in enlarged thyroid tissue and even lead to thyroid diseases. In order for the thyroid hormone to function adequate amount of Thyroxine (T4) should be found within the blood....   [tags: Iodine, Metabolism]

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The Digestive System Is Important For Breaking Down Food And Turning It Into Nutrients

- The digestive system is important for breaking down food and turning it into nutrients. The body uses the nutrients for energy, growth, and cell repair. The food and drinks that a person must be changed into smaller molecules of nutrients before the blood absorbs them and carries them to cells throughout the body. The body breaks down nutrients from food and drink into carbohydrates, protein, fats, and vitamins. Compared to the other systems in the body, the digestive system is one of the most diverse and important....   [tags: Digestion, Metabolism, Adenosine triphosphate]

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A Research On Nutrition And Weight Loss

- Most people think that getting older and having a hard time burning off fat go hand in hand. Not many of us would argue that you can 't burn fat at 40 like you could when you were 20. But one expert on nutrition and weight loss, Jonny Bowden, says that you actually can burn fat easily, just like you did when you were younger. It 's just a matter of knowing what to eat in order to make your metabolism work hard for you instead of work against you. We know that just because something sounds good, it doesn 't mean that it is....   [tags: Nutrition, Obesity, Dieting, Metabolism]

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The Effect Of Diet And Exercise On The Metabolic Rate Of A Person

- Metabolism is defined as any biochemical process required by the body for its maintenance, including growth, reproduction and damage repair. It involves chemical processes by which a human body converts food and water consumed into energy for immediate use or to be stored for later (Annie 2014). Diet and exercise play a vital role in increasing or decreasing the metabolic rate of a person. An individual’s BMR (Basal metabolic rate) is the minimum calorie requirement that is essential for a person to sustain life while resting....   [tags: Metabolism, Nutrition, Energy, Obesity]

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Eating The Right Foods And How They Interact With Your Body

- Do you ever find yourself feeling really good until you eat. I 'm talking about having a meal and crashing to the point where you can 't focus or even stay upright. If you do, then it 's time to take a look at the foods you are eating and how they interact with your body. Why. By eating the right foods you will not only gain more energy throughout your day, you will also raise your overall frequency and have more energy and happiness in life. This report will cover exactly what you can do to your diet to start feeling better today....   [tags: Nutrition, Metabolism, Eating, Energy]

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Organic Nitrates as a Theraputic Agent

- Introduction Organic nitrates (ORNs) have been used for the prevention and treatment of myocardial ischemia and angina pectoris for approximately 130 years. They are polyolesters of nitric acid (RONO2) that can be classified into two categories: high potency ORNs that contain three or four nitrate groups, such as nitroglycerin (NTG) and pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN); low potency ORNs containing one or two nitrate groups, for instance, isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN), isosorbide-2-mononitrate (IS-2-MN), isosorbide-5-mononitrate (IS-5-MN), and nicorandil (Munzel et al., 2005)....   [tags: cardiovascular, metabolism, tolerance]

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The Need to Treat Obsesity in the United States

- ... To test this, we will measure core body temperature; -oxidation and browning in adipose depots of K1-KO mice fed a high fat diet or exposed to cold stress. We will measure -oxidation and mitochondrial respiration in K1-KO adipocytes and in inducible IP6K1 knock-down adipocyte cell lines. Utilizing enzyme assays and hydrogen deuterium exchange (HDX) studies, we will determine the molecular mechanism by which IP6K1/IP7 inhibits AMPK. Furthermore, we will monitor the AMPK stimulator; 5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide (AICAR) mediated -oxidation and insulin sensitivity in K1-KO mice....   [tags: diabetes, energy, metabolism]

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The Relationship Between the Biological Process of Shivering and Exercise

- A group of scientists working for the National Institutes of Health recently developed a scientific study aimed to understand the relationship between the biological process of shivering and exercise. Humans have two different types of fat in their body: brown fat and white fat. Brown fat has the ability to burn calories and generate heat, unlike white fat, and was thought only to exist in children until recently. Scientists thought that shivering was the replacement for the heat-generating brown fat....   [tags: heat, irisin, metabolism]

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The Effects on Caffeine During Pregnancy

- ASBTRACT The effects on caffeine during pregnancy were explained and detailed. I explained the causes and effects on caffeine and the major dangers that affect the offspring. Caffeine is the most dangerous cause of danger in pregnancy and their offspring. It can infect the metabolism, the fetal, and can cause miscarriages. The blood flow can easily be decreased by having to much caffeine and can in danger the baby. Why is caffeine dangerous during pregnancy. Caffeine is dangerous during pregnancy, because it can cause miscarriages; it stresses the immature metabolism of the fetus, and increases the blood flow in the placenta....   [tags: miscarriages, immature metabolism]

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Carb Cycling, A Diet Plan That Alters The Intake Of Carbs

- Carb cycling, a diet plan that alters the intake of carbs on a daily basis in order to keep metabolism high without a plateau or muscle loss, is growing in popularity for everyday people, endurance athletes, power lifters, and body competitors. That is not too surprising considering its simplicity and effectiveness. The basis of carb cycling is that from day-to-day one’s diet is constantly changing in the amount of carbohydrates and fats that are consumed. This results in overall fat loss while gaining muscle with more psychological ease, making it one of the easiest diets out there; however, there is no day-by-day instruction manual to follow....   [tags: Nutrition, Carbohydrate, Obesity, Metabolism]

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A Research Study On Carbon 12 And Carbon 13

- Ireland Cook Micro 3154 Take Home Questions 1 47. Carbon Fractionation: Measuring the ratio of carbon 12 and carbon 13 (the more stable isotopes) to determine the fluctuation of their concentration due to their mass differences. The fractionation of mass of these isotopes can take place in two ways, physical change (ex. Evaporation) or chemical reactions (the speed of the chemical reaction is what’s important). 48. Competitive Exclusion Principle: Two species that are competing for the same resource cannot coexist....   [tags: DNA, Bacteria, Metabolism, Eukaryote]

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The On Metabolic Rate Of Eastern Grey Tree Frogs

- In physiology we know that the size of an animal affects many biological functions of that animal. Physiological functions of an animal that is dependent on the size of an animal includes: body temperature, morphology, allometric growth ect. The most important physiology function that is dependent on body size is metabolic rate. Metabolism is the sum of all chemical reactions that occur within a living organism (Behler et al., 2012). The reason why it holds so much importance to all living organisms is, because metabolism is a physiology function that an organism undergoes that enables them to obtain useful energy from their food to put into biosynthesis, maintenance, and external works....   [tags: Metabolism, Enzyme, Organism, Frog]

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Two Categories of Organisms: Poikilotherms and Homeotherms

- INTRODUCTION Every living organism has a metabolism. Metabolism is the sum of the chemical reactions in one’s body, including both anabolic and catabolic processes (Pfleugal, 2014). These processes require energy that is obtained through the organism’s respiration. Because an organism’s respiration is linked to its energy consumption, researchers can observe changes in the metabolism of organisms by looking at their respiration rates. It is possible to measure respiration by looking at either the change in oxygen or carbon dioxide concentration in a closed environment....   [tags: metabolism, anabolism, fish]

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The Effect Of Temperature On The Metabolic Rate Of An Animal At Rest Under Normal Conditions

- SANA MARRYUM METABOLISM IN ECTOTHERMS AND ENDOTHERMS; EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE BIO 207 SECTION 4SV3 DECEMBER 7, 2014 LAB INSTRUCTOR YIJING SHAN MARRYUM 02 INTRODUCTION All living organisms require energy to perform their daily life activities. This energy is obtained in the form of ATP by a number of chemical reactions that results in breakdown or building up of different molecules. The sum of all the enzyme-catalyzed reactions inside the body is termed as metabolism. All these reactions are very important in maintaining the physiological functions of the body....   [tags: Metabolism, Energy, Temperature]

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How to Gain Muscle and Shed Body Weight

- Let us initial understand the correlation in between physique pounds and metabolic charge before we solution the query how to gain muscle and shed body weight. . It is typically viewed that people today with reduced metabolism or metabolic amount are inclined to set on more weight. Rate of metabolism basically is the process of changing food items into power. The system demands energy for its standard performing like respiratory, building new cells and for circulation of blood. But with slow metabolic process, the course of action of conversion can take longer and the consumed food stuff gets saved as extra fat in the overall body....   [tags: metabolism, weights, breakfast]

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How the Human Body Obtains Cholesterol

- According to the scientific report from Gunness and Gidley (2010), the human body obtains cholesterol from two sources. The major source is liver. Liver synthesizes about 700-900 mg cholesterol per day. Another source is diet, which account for up to 300-500 mg/d. The major route cholesterol eliminates from human body is to convert to bile salts (BS) and excrete from the gastrointestinal tract (Gunness & Gidley, 2010). Bile salts (BS) are synthesized from cholesterol in the liver. Hydroxyl (OH) groups are inserted at several points of cholesterol, and then the second ring of cholesterol loses its double-bond....   [tags: liver, diet, metabolism]

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The Function Of The Endocrine System

- Endocrine system, together with nervous system, is responsible for transmitting information around the body. The hormone is a chemical, composed of specialised cells, which released to the bloodstream becomes a chemical messenger. Communication occurs in two types. First of all, two endocrine glands have impact on each other. Secretion from one gland, stimulates secretion of another hormone by other gland. For example, pituitary gland, located in hypothalamus, stimulates adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulating the production of cortisol in adrenal glands....   [tags: Endocrine system, Pancreas, Metabolism]

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A Report On Nitrate ( No3- ) Supplementation Is An Up And Coming Ergogenic Aid

- Nitrate (NO3-) supplementation is an up and coming ergogenic aid that recent research has shown to have enormous benefits for athletes. NO3- is a naturally occurring inorganic molecule found in several dietary forms. One of the best sources of dietary NO3- is found in beetroots, which is why beetroot juice (BRJ) supplementation has been a recent focus as an ergogenic aid for athletes. The mechanism by which NO3- is utilized by the body is through anaerobic oral bacteria reducing NO3- to nitrite (NO2-) (Jones 2014b)....   [tags: Metabolism, Oxygen, Cellular respiration]

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Hunger And Poor Nutrition : Problems Of Millions People Causing Disabilities And Death

- In everyday life not many people would really think about the reason why we eat food. Driven by natural instinct of hunger and appetite it seems obvious that we eat to keep ourselves alive. Hunger and poor nutrition are problems of millions people causing disabilities and death. Experienced people emphasize that the food what we eat and how do we feel is evenly balanced. It means that the right amount of nutrients should have a positive effect on our health. We might need the food for our appetite satisfaction, but normal body function requires a regular food intake for its growth, metabolism and repair (The Open University, 2015a)....   [tags: Nutrition, Metabolism, Malnutrition, Carbohydrate]

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Diet Soda And Its Effect On Your Weight Loss Program

- 3. Drink Lemon water instead of diet soda Although diet soda doesn’t have calories, studies have shown that it can negatively affect your weight loss program because the artificial sweeteners found in soda can increase your desire to eat more. Lemon drinks have many benefits; first they aide the digestion process by lowering the metabolic speed. Secondly, they will help you stabilize your levels of energy. Lemon water has also been show to increase the rates of calorie burn up. If you follow this strategy according to plan, you can lose up to 10 pounds in 21 days....   [tags: Nutrition, Carbohydrate, Metabolism, Sugar]

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Dr. Segal's The Cookie FAD Diet

- Imagine a diet with quick weight loss, and being able to see immense results in only a few months, sounds like the life doesn’t it. Well the impossible has finally become possible with the help of special diets, otherwise known as FAD diets. FAD diets are known as weight reducing diets of extreme nature that either eliminate one or more of the essential food groups or enhance the consumption of one group of food in excess, and intend to produce results more quickly than diet-exercise combinations....   [tags: weight, metabolism, patients]

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The Effects of Testosterone and Steroids

- ... These research findings are cohesive with the physiological fact that males with normal level of testosterone, in general, would have lower percentage of body fat than females due a small amount of testosterone is produced in ovaries and adrenal glands in females (Schanzer 1996). Testosterone Effect on Muscle Synthesis Studies have observed that the fat-free mass and the rate of muscle synthesis in both hypogonadal men and eugonadal men is associated with levels of prevalent testosterone in the body (Bhasin et al....   [tags: metabolism, hormones, abuse]

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Energy Of The Body Of Christ

- Energy production in a cell is similar to the way that the Body of Christ is energized through spiritual practices, in that this process generates energy by making ATP for cellular use. Many members of the church are energized to worship God through spiritual practices, such as reading their Bible, having fellowship with other believers, and spreading the word to others. Likewise, energy production is created in our bodies by making ATP, which can be compared to the energy of Christian souls. In our body consists of countless cells that all have their own unique duties to fulfill in order to keep us healthy....   [tags: Adenosine triphosphate, Metabolism]

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What Is A Nutritional Therapy Practitioner?

- What is a nutritional therapy practitioner. A new paraprofessional certified to do functional evaluation in order to balance the body’s chemistry and achieve optimal wellness. What does a nutritional therapy practitioner do. A NTP (nutritional therapy practitioner) does not treat or diagnose a disease, but uses tools such as; an initial interview to gather health concerns about the client and get to know them, food journal and nutritional assessment questionnaire to gather diet and symptoms of client, functional evaluation to gather clinical information about the client and tap into their innate intelligence, and lingual neuro testing to determine if a certain nutritional supplement is right...   [tags: Nutrition, Metabolism, Glucose, Sugar]

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Has a Cure for Diabetes been Discovered yet?

- Diabetes has been around since the begining of humans. From the lack of communication and knowledge of the disease it is not know where it first happened. It is said that diabetes was a term first used by Apollonus as early as 250 B.C.. The term was not recorded but spread and was used to describe the mysterious disease. Diabetes was recorded as Diabete in English for the first time in 1425. It wasnt until 1675, when Thomas Wills mixed mellitus into the term diabetes because of the sweetness of the urine....   [tags: diabetes, metabolism, glucose]

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The Relationship Between Nutrient Availability And Natural Selection

- Introduction By removing or contributing chemicals and nutrients to the environment, organisms can alter the availability of nutrients for other organisms. Some chemicals are consumed for energy, removing them from their environment, and producing a byproduct. During this Session Long Project I will discuss the chemicals that Nitrosococcus oceani and Nitrosopumilus maritimus consume, how the abundance of chemicals influence their success, the relationship between nutrient availability and natural selection....   [tags: Bacteria, Metabolism, Nitrogen, Evolution]

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Society's Wrong Perspective of Obesity

- Close your eyes and picture this, you are outside of a favorite cafe looking for a table. You are just about to sit on the patio to enjoy a steaming hot cup of coffee, when you look to over and see the most disgusting sight ever. He looks absolutely mountainous; there are rolls upon rolls suffocating his body. Food is flying everywhere, lettuce is being launched through the air, and there are pieces of meat all over the table and floor. You are astounded to see that he is trying to snag his third burger....   [tags: metabolism, disease, weight]

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The Synthesis Of Cell Respiration

- Cell Respiration is the process that cells use to break down sugars into an energy form that our body can use, we call this energy ATP and its production is the overall goal of cell respiration. Oxidative phosphorylation is the final stage of cellular respiration; it is a metabolic pathway in the mitochondria of cells in which the oxidation of nutrients releases energy for the making of ATP. Glucose now in the form of energized electrons is the critical energy source in this process. The energized electrons move down chain releasing energy that glucose supplied them with that will be used to pump hydrogen ions across the inner mitochondrial membrane and form a concentration gradient....   [tags: Adenosine triphosphate, Metabolism]

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A Sustainable Management Of Natural Resources And The Recovery Of Polluted Areas

- Bacterial Bioremediation Nowadays, the growth of human population and its respective anthropogenic activities have elevated pollutants to critical levels around the planet. Thousands of chemical compounds are used day-by-day in industrial activities which englobe fuels, drugs, fertilizers, pesticides, consumer products, industrial solvents among others (Das & Dash, 2014). They ultimately affect millions of people causing many diseases and deaths. Worsening this scenario, pollutants can remain toxic for a long time in the nature and move from the source of contamination through soil, water, and atmosphere....   [tags: Bacteria, Metabolism, Microorganism, Pollution]

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The Unsearchable Quest to Find a Diet That Is Just Right

- Food plays a different role for all different types of human beings. Everyone's metabolism is different. This is the underlying reason behind why there is no specific diet that works best for everyone. As a result, our only hope as humans is to define the proper diet for ourselves as our own diet. It is a lifelong learning process, as it can only be accomplished through experience, by trial and error. For example, many people work best through a low fat diet. Other people work best through a diet high in fat....   [tags: food, metabolism, diet]

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National Geographic Searches for Long Life in the Blue Zones

- ... If they had enough money, they would be able to get a bicycle but riding a bike is also exercise. They were able to get exercise without running on a treadmill or swimming in a pool. They have a plant based diet which means they get all the vitamins and nutrients they need to be healthy and live longer. Another Blue Zone is Sardinia, Italy. A Sardinian shepard can walk more than five miles each day tending to his animals. Such exercise improves mood and helps with muscle and bone metabolism....   [tags: exercise, metabolism, relationships]

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The Stages Of Photosynthesis By Jan Van Helmont

- Photosynthesis is when alive, green plants use sunlight to produce foods into carbon dioxide and water. Jan van Helmont is an individual who discovered photosynthesis. He realized there was something happening to the plant when water was being added. Jan van Helmont realized that the plant was beginning to get bigger. By Jan van Helmont doing this experiment, photosynthesis was discovered. The purpose of photosynthesis is so the plants can take in sunlight and chemically produce sugars. The sugars that the plant produces then break down the chemical bonds and turns it into energy for organisms to use....   [tags: Photosynthesis, Carbon dioxide, Metabolism]

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Exercise And The Act Of Any Bodily Motion

- Exercise and the act of any bodily motion requires chemistry to power all of the necessary moving parts. There are two functions of exercise that make you feel good while working out and then make you feel not so good. The first “feel good” process is the releasing of endorphins during a workout. Endorphins are chemicals released by the pituitary gland of the brain. The pituitary gland produces approximately 20 different types of endorphins that assist the human body with a variety of functions....   [tags: Metabolism, Cellular respiration]

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Funcitons of Capillaries and the Digestive System

- Capillaries are very small; in fact, capillaries are the tiniest of all blood vessels. They form the connection between veins and arterioles in the circulatory system. However, capillaries tend to be found everywhere. Unlike veins and arteries, the capillaries main function is not transporting blood. They allow the movement of substances, mainly gases Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide into and out of the capillary. Capillaries have very thin walls that are only one cell thick, which allows substances (such as oxygen) to diffuse through the wall effortlessly....   [tags: transportation, nutrients, metabolism]

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The Digestion of Dietary Fiber

- Dietary fibre is widely distributed in plants and consumed as food which are not fully or rapidly digested or absorbed in upper gastrointestinal tract (Schultz, 2011). They are chemically consisting of cellulose, noncellulosic polysaccharides, and lignin. Cellulose is a non-soluble crystalline linear polymer with up to 10,000 of 1-4 β glucose units (Kay, 1982) and it serves as functional fibre when added to food (Gropper, Smith & Groff, 2009). Foods contain high cellulose include bran, nuts, apples, root vegetables and cabbages (Gropper, Smith & Groff, 2009)....   [tags: metabolism, cellulose, starch]

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Metabolic Reprogramming During Macrophage Activation

- Metabolic Reprogramming During Macrophage Activation Introduction Metabolism is the processes that occur in a living organism that are necessary to sustain life. It is the way the body gets energy and the other important molecules it needs from the food that we eat. Metabolic adaption is a key component of macrophage plasticity and polarization (Biswas, 2011). Polarized macrophages show a specific regulation of glucose metabolism. Macrophages also have the ability to alter their lipid profile. Previous studies have shown that macrophages manifest different kind of metabolic phenotypes that they can carry out tissue repair....   [tags: metabolism, proteins, changes]

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Benefits Of Low Carbohydrate Diet

- Low-carbohydrate diet claims to be effective at producing weight loss results despite consumption of meat, butter, and dairy products, restricting only the intake of carbohydrates. The body is forced to seek an alternate fuel source to fulfill its metabolic needs. The body’s metabolism shifts from metabolizing glucose as energy to converting stored body fat to energy because there is no glucose that can trigger the insulin response. Other than lipid ingestion, the cells must rely on glucose production from conversion of protein....   [tags: Obesity, Nutrition, Carbohydrate, Metabolism]

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Chemistry: Life at the Molecular Level

- In metabolism, complex molecules are degraded into simpler products including amino acids, glucose, and fatty acids. These simpler molecules can subsequently be broken down into the Acetyl CoA intermediate (Voet, D., Voet, J., Pratt, C. 2006. p. 397). Acetyl CoA then enters the citric acid cycle (TCA cycle), and is oxidized into carbon dioxide, CO2. During the TCA cycle, NAD+ and FADH are reduced to produce high transfer potential electrons, NADH and FADH2. These NADH and FADH2 molecules are oxidized during oxidation phosphorylation and the electron transport chain and generate water, H2O and ATP (Voet et al....   [tags: calvin cycle, molecules, metabolism]

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College Is A Transition For Individuals

- College can be a scarce transition for individuals, especially for the ones who have lived at home their whole lives. While college is said to be one of the best experiences, there are negative factors that eventually add up. Students who live under their parents roofs or attend high school, usually have their day-to-days lives planned. A typical day in the life of a student may be going to school for eight hours, participating in an activity after school, coming home to a home-cooked meal, and going to bed....   [tags: Nutrition, Obesity, Metabolism, Health]

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Food Labeling Of Food For Abs

- Foods to Avoid for Abs Do you ever wonder why some people manage to get those well sculpted six-pack abs, and you just can’t seem to get there. You’re not alone. Unfortunately, many dietary fitness guides only provide general statements and descriptions. They inform you all about proteins, fats, and carbohydrates, but neglect to provide any meaningful information about the specific products themselves. If you don’t know which foods to avoid, and which foods you should eat, then you’ll have a tough time achieving your goal....   [tags: Nutrition, Carbohydrate, Metabolism, Sugar]

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1134 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Plant Photosynthesis And Cellular Respiration

- 1. Explain why the following statement is incorrect. Plants perform photosynthesis, but only animals perform cellular respiration. It is true that plants perform photosynthesis. What it is not true, it is that only animals perform cellular respiration. Cellular respiration is the process in which an organism obtains its energy. All living organisms perform cellular respiration, whether they are plants or animals. For instance, every cell in an animal requires oxygen to perform cellular respiration which gives off carbon dioxide and water as waste products....   [tags: Metabolism, Cellular respiration, Glucose]

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What Is Garcinia Cambogia Extract?

- What is Garcinia Cambogia Extract. Garcinia Cambogia also known as Gurcinia gummi gutta is a plant that looks like a small green pumpkin. The plant is popular in traditional Asian recipes where is it savored for its delicious soup. The skin of Garcinia cambogia contains a huge amount of Hydroxycitric acid (HCA), a naturally occurring substance active ingredient. Besides cooking, hydroxycitric acid has also been used to lower the level of cholesterol and for encouraging weight loss. The Garcinia Cambogia fruit grows across southern India, Myanmar and Indonesia Studies have shown that Garcinia Cambogia is generally safe to use with no serious side effects aside from mild digestive issues....   [tags: Nutrition, Obesity, Metabolism, Appetite]

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A Report On The Bacteria

- FRIENDLIEST BACTERIA The world each year continues to waste more and more plastic. Companies want to decompose all of the plastic to make way for the new plastic that is coming in with new collections of plastic that are done daily. As time goes by, more and more plastic is collected, it has been predicted that the plastic collected will grow 400% or go from 1.7 million tonnes in 2014 to 7.8 million tonnes in 2019 (Prieto, 2016). Researchers all over the world are trying to find a way that it would be easier and faster for plastic to decompose....   [tags: Bacteria, Metabolism, Enzyme, Oxygen]

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Seven Simple Attributes of Life

- ... It comes in many forms; cells can duplicate itself, and multicellular organisms may or may not create offspring sexually. Reproduction is all around us; a mother holding her newborn child; bacterium cells splitting into daughter cells. It is even within our bodies, and those of other multicellular organisms; we all grow, especially in this adolescent age, because our internal cells are reproducing, and growing is a vicarious and observable concept; we have been through it ourselves, like other multicellular organisms....   [tags: cells, metabolism, interdependence]

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The Paleo Diet And Health

- The Paleo Diet is one of the most recent diets to gain attention amongst the American public. This diet follows a strict set of guidelines that form your diet into that of a caveman or woman. Acceptable foods include meats, fish, seeds, nuts, leafy greens, and regional veggies. Grains are excluded from this diet because people of the “Paleo” period were hunter-gatherers, and they did not cultivate crops (grains). It is thought that our bodies never acclimated to eating all of these grains when farming became a consistent source of food....   [tags: Nutrition, Obesity, Dieting, Metabolism]

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A Study On Energy Balance

- Essay question 2: Energy balance A) My estimate energy requirement is 1805.25 kcal per day. Compared this to my average actual calorie intake for the three days (1773 kcal), I am at negative energy balance. I am consuming -32.25 kcal fewer than my estimated kilocalorie expenditure. B) Evaluate your BMI. Is it above, within, or below the recommended healthy weight-for-height range of 18.5 to 24.9. My BMI is 18.94 kg/m2, which is within the recommended healthy weight-for height range. C) If my energy balance were to remain as it was on the 3 days that I kept the diet intake record for one year, which is 32.25 kcals less than I needed to maintain energy balance every day....   [tags: Metabolism, Energy, Mass, Nutrition]

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Fracking, The, And Fracking

- Background: Hydraulic fracturing also known as fracking is a technique in which rock is fractured by a pressurized liquid. The process involves the high-pressure injection of “fracking fluid” into a wellbore to create cracks in the deep-rock formations through which natural gas, petroleum, and brine will flow more freely. When the hydraulic pressure is removed from the well, small grains of hydraulic fracturing proppants, either sand or aluminum oxide, hold the fractures open. Since the invention of fracking, in 1947, there have been over 2.5 million fracking wells created across the world with over a million of them being located in the United States....   [tags: Oxygen, Metabolism, Benzene, DNA]

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1288 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Sleep Apnea & Energy

- ... This article relates to this course in several ways. One being the concept of energy and metabolism. Energy is defined as the capacity to do work (Starr, 2013, p. 34). Metabolism is the activities by which cells acquire and use energy as they build and break down organic molecules (Starr, 2013, p. 34). Energy is an important part of the process of life. We all need energy to survive. Not just external energy for example heat from the sun, but also internal energy which comes from the metabolic reactions within our cells....   [tags: diagnose, metabolism, oxygen]

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Beneficial Effects of Probiotics

- ... Although lactobacillus plantarum cost are higher this certain strain of lactobacillus is specifically engineered to have more commercial benefits. Some benefits can also benefit the product itself. Like many other lactic acid bacteria lactobacillus plantarum229v releases lactic acid if in dairy based product lactic acid might bring a negative side effect of giving it a crude rancid taste and smell in juices with a sour taste like orange, black current, and mango these lactic acid give or enhance the taste....   [tags: ingestable micoorganism, metabolism]

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Diabetes and Glucose Monitoring

- Diabetes and Glucose Monitoring Chapter 3 Description Diabetes mellitus, otherwise known as simply diabetes, is a disorder of the metabolism where the body cannot produce or use the hormone “insulin.” The most common symptoms for having this disorder are extreme thirst and the production of excessive amounts of urine. However, the symptom that doctors use as a definite is glucose concentration. A diabetic person's glucose concentration is usually usually higher than normal. To monitor the blood glucose concentration, these people use glucose meters....   [tags: diabetes mellitus, metabolism disorder]

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Sleep Deprivation : A Condition Of Body And Mind

- According to the Oxford Living dictionaries, “Sleep is a condition of body and mind which typically recurs for several hours every night in which nervous system is inactive, the eyes closed, the postural muscles relaxed and consciousness practically suspended”. Sleep is necessary for all the human kinds be healthy and maintain daily activities. A lot of problems will arise if a person lacks energy or having some sort of disorder while sleeping. There are lots of problems were issued due to the insufficient sleep....   [tags: Nutrition, Sleep deprivation, Metabolism, Sleep]

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