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The Republic By Plato

- ... He is forced to look behind him for the first time in his life; he sees the brightness of the fire and the authentic form of the statues, which he only saw reflections of. He becomes afraid and later astonished of the new things and reality he has experienced. As time goes by, he learns to accept these things as his ultimate source of reality. Then, he is dragged out of the cave where he encounters a light so bright he cannot adjust to it. Little by little he begins conditioning himself to this new form of light that he does not understand where it is coming from....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Justice, Ontology]

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Justice in Plato´s The Republic

- In book four of Plato's “The Republic” Socrates defines justice in the individual as analogous to justice in the state. I will explain Socrates' definition of justice in the individual, and then show that Socrates cannot certify that his definition of justice is correct, without asking further questions about justice. I will argue that if we act according to this definition of justice, then we do not know when we are acting just. Since neither the meaning of justice, nor the meaning of good judgement, is contained in the definition, then one can act unjustly while obeying to the definition of justice....   [tags: Plato's The Republic]

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Analysis Of Socrates Argument On Plato 's Republic And Plato

- In this paper I will give an in depth analysis of Socrates argument in Plato’s Republic and in Plato’s Phaedo. First I will begin with the analysis of the Republic, a discussion between Socrates and Glaucon on morality of the human being. The argument first defines morality within a good community and proceeds with the application of this definition in the human person. Then I shall analysis Phaedo, Socrates argument of immortality of the soul. Using his argument of death, reincarnation, change and invisibility, I shall explain Socrates rejoice of death....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Reincarnation, Philosophy]

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Confusion And Plato

- Confusion Confusion plagues everyone in the world. Daily people are subject to struggles that involve them being confused and allow them to not fully take in what the world has to offer. Confusion simply put is the "impaired orientation with respect to time, place, or person; a disturbed mental state." With that said it is evident that many things a susceptible to confusion, and being confused. When reading Plato one cannot help to be confused, some confused on the general meaning others confused on the actual wording....   [tags: Plato]

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Analysis of Aristotle and Plato's Thoughts

- Philosophers are all known for questioning and exploring Ideals; taking a look at all options and what is most important. While Aristotle and Plato both take a plunge into the unknowns of a political state, Aristotle demonstrates a state for individuals, to rule as equals, contrary to Plato’s strict utopian structure and group over individual hierarchy view of the ideal state. Plato’s ideal state is strictly structured through a utopian ideal. Everything within Plato’s ideal state has a place and purpose, and everyone within it is aware of that....   [tags: aristotle, plato's ideal, utopia]

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The Soul Stays the Same in Plato

- “I think, Socrates, he said, that on this line of argument any man, even the dullest, would agree that the soul is altogether more like that which always exists in the same state rather than like that which does not” (Plato, Phaedo 79e) In this paper I will argue that the soul is not necessarily unchanging and eternal, as many of Plato’s arguments would suggest otherwise. The main reasons in support of this claim are that there are questionable conclusions that Plato had reached that challenge the validity of his theory on immortal souls....   [tags: plato, death, eternal]

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Plato 's Version Of The Speech

- ... Xenophon’s interpretation is more simply stated. Socrates had been charged with “not believing in the gods worshiped by the state and with the introduction of new deities in their stead and with corruption of the young.” (Xenophon). The other charge that was brought against Socrates was the corruption of the youth. In Xenophon’s apology, Meletus is questioned about his assumption. “So you tell us,” Socrates begins. “whether you know of anyone who under my influence has fallen from piety into impiety, or from sober into wanton conduct, or from moderation in living into extravagance, or from temperate drinking into sottishness, or from strenuousness into effeminacy, or has been overcome o...   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Apology, Xenophon]

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The Apology Of Plato 's Apology

- Plato’s Apology gives insight to the thoughts and workings of the brilliant mind of Socrates. Everything we know about the philosopher is through the writings and works of his students and followers (Dean, 2014). The Apology is Plato’s version of the speech Socrates gave when he was put on trial. This important piece of literature demonstrates the skill that Socrates possessed in rhetoric, examination, and improvised speech which aided him in disproving the accusations made against him. The Oracle of Delphi, a god, who by nature could not lie, proclaimed that Socrates was the wisest of men (Plato, trans....   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Philosophy, Wisdom]

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Plato 's Allegory Of The Cave

- ... The false notions referenced are the false beliefs that the cave and the shadows are all that there is to see. The wise man, who is always in the pursuit of knowledge, would want to ascend in his education. He would not want to continue in comfort at the expense of his intellectual growth. Finding out you were wrong about something is never an easy experience. Especially when the truth you believed for so long extends to all you ever knew, to your complete existence and significance in life....   [tags: Plato, Virtue, Wisdom, Christianity]

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Plato 's Theory Of The Soul

- ... When all functioning citizens from their leader to the general public take actions to better their community let it not be for personal gain but for the rewarding purpose of obtaining justice. The Republic is more of a compare and contrast dialogue with the purpose to teach readers ranging from his time to now that when a city state is run by citizens who take actions based on immorality and greed (such as in Athens) the city-state shall not thrive and thus become chaotic while in his ideal city state when citizens value universal and godly truth their actions are selfless and meant for obtaining happiness for all citizens; Morality must outweigh rationale and bodily temptations....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Democracy, Republic]

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Plato 's Theory Of Justice

- ... Therefore, he notes that it is more important to describe political justice than the justice of the individual. Plato’s next step in discussing justice is the building of his just city. Plato believes that the principle of specialization is the only way the city can perform at its highest level. For example, “Well,now, we prevented a shoemaker from trying to be a farmer, weaver, or a builder at the same time, instead of just a shoemaker, in order to ensure that the shoemaker’s job was done well”(Book II, 53, Plato’s Republic)....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Justice, Platonism]

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Plato 's Allegory Of The Cave

- ... They think of them as true reality. The prisoners in this case represent the ignorant unenlightened individuals yet to discover philosophical truth. They are duped into believing that the shadows they see are the real objects in themselves or that the sounds the people make are being made by the shadows. Plato argues that the shadows and games played are equivalent to the five senses deceiving the individual. He believes that the objects we see in the physical world are pale reflections or imitations of the true ‘Form’ of that object in the World of Forms....   [tags: Mind, Reality, Epistemology, Plato]

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Plato 's Attainment Of Virtues

- ... For the actualization of that aim, Plato maintains that conformity to moral dispositions, thought and virtues are important prerequisite in that drive. The aim is to illustrate that the maintenance of the well-being of human beings is the core of moral thinking and virtues. Plato argues for the conception of happiness as a virtue to promote peace and harmony among people of different backgrounds. However, the conception of happiness as a virtue is a counter-example to many of the thought Plato did argue for that promotes the attainment of human virtues....   [tags: Plato, Virtue, Ethics, Socrates]

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Aristotle and Plato's Views on Reality

- Aristotle and Plato were both great thinkers but their views on realty were different. Plato viewed realty as taking place in the mind but Aristotle viewed realty is tangible. Even though Aristotle termed reality as concrete, he stated that reality does not make sense or exist until the mind process it. Therefore truth is dependent upon a person’s mind and external factors. According to Aristotle, things are seen as taking course and will eventually come to a stop when potential is reached. The entire process of potential to actuality is call causation....   [tags: Aristotle, Plato, philosophy, ]

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Plato 's Theory Of Forms

- Socrates Plato, and Aristotle have had a huge influence on Philosophy is still incomparable, up to this day. From what I have learned in this course, I will explain how they have inspired, invented and even have changed many people’s view on life. One of Plato’s theories is his view on the universe, called Theory of Forms. According to Plato, we live in world that is constantly undertaking change. Plato says that nothing is ever permanent; people, animals and crops, and wildlife live and then die eventually....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Socrates, Aristotle]

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Honor in Plato, Sophocles, and Voltaire

- Plato writes of a philosophical man condemned to death in the court of law in The Trial and Death of Socrates. Socrates is punished for preaching of his gods and corrupting the youth of Athens. The next piece of work discussed is Antigone, written by Sophocles. Antigone is a young lady who feels it is her duty and obligation to defy Creon’s rule to properly bury her brother. Lastly, the text of Voltaire’s Candide displays how a man cannot find happiness even in the best of situations. Candide travels the world in the attempt to become a man of wealth and power and reunite with the love of his life....   [tags: plato, socrates, sophocles]

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Plato And Aristotle 's Philosophy

- Emmanuel Marsh Professor Wiener POL. SCI 204 During the fourth century BC, Athens two most influential thinkers of all time had emerged, Plato and Aristotle. Socrates, a great influential philosopher who influence his pupil such as Plato, through his teachings. Plato, then became the teacher of Aristotle, who although was a long term follower, found fault in Plato`s theories. In fact, Aristotle became a great critic of his teacher. Despite his criticism, Aristotle was influenced by Plato and in so their works are easily comparable, however, some aspect of their philosophy can be contradictive....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Truth, Logic]

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Plato 's Theory Of Justice

- ... 351e). The ruler’s interest ought to be for his subjects; likewise, a doctor should be interested in earning a wage, not only looking out for themselves. Plato deduces that justice is not for ones friends and hatred of enemies, but unity is for the soul and the city. Plato derives from countering Thrasymachus that justice is an excellence of the soul and justice is what leads to true happiness. A crucial question asked by Plato, “Will the soul ever fulfill its function well if it is deprived of its own particular excellence, or is this impossible?” (I....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Justice, Ethics]

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Plato And The Modern World

- ... Plato classifies knowledge as being unfailing and “of what is”. “Those who know better do better” (look this up). Plato describes knowledge in terms of what it is not. Knowledge is not content, as defined in Theaetetus. In this example, Theaetetus doesn’t quite understand what knowledge is and when asked by Socrates describes knowledge as science, geometry, etc. Socrates tells him that his answer is what knowledge is of, not what knowledge is (McMahon). Knowledge is also not perception. Knowledge is defined as being infallible and therefore cannot be defined by perception, which focuses on subjective appearances, not truth of what is....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Soul, Socrates]

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Plato's Criticism of Democracy

- Plato's Criticism of Democracy Do not be angry with me for speaking the truth; no man will survive who genuinely opposes you or any other crowd and prevents the occurrence of many unjust and illegal happenings in the city. A man who really fights for justice must lead a private, not a public, life if he is to survive for even a short time. (Apology 31e-32a) These are the words of Socrates, who spoke before the Athenian jury in the trial that would, ultimately, condemn him to his death. Through works such as the Apology and The Republic, we can see Plato’s distaste of the concept of democracy....   [tags: Plato]

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Plato 's Theory Of Recollection

- ... Recollecting of memory was used by the slave. Not only does Plato’s theory prove that our knowledges comes from before birth but also that our immortal soul does exist. Without the soul to keep the information our minds would be empty and learning would be more difficult to comprehend. According to Plato the knowledge we store can never be forget meaning that once that knowledge enters our brain it will never go away. The information stored would be kept for future recalling of our soul. "As the soul is immortal, has been born often and has seen all things here and in the underworld, there is nothing which it has not learned; so it is in no way surprising that it can recollect the thing...   [tags: Soul, Plato, Immortality, Socrates]

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Plato's Allegory of the Cave

- Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” is the most significant and influential analogy in his book, The Republic. This thorough analogy covers many of the images Plato uses as tools throughout The Republic to show why the four virtues, also known as forms, are what create good. The “Allegory of the Cave”, however, is not one of the simplest representations used by Plato. Foremost, to comprehend these images such as the “divided line” or Plato’s forms, one must be able to understand this allegory and all of its metaphors behind it....   [tags: Plato's Theories, Human Life]

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The Republic Of Plato : A Life Of Justice

- ... Thrasymachus finally yields his argument once Socrates comes to the conclusion that, because justice is a virtue of the soul, and any soul stripped of one of its core virtues could not possibly lead a happy life, then it is undoubtedly better to lead a just life. Because of this, "injustice, my dear Thrasymachus," says Socrates, "can never pay better than justice," (p. 39). The next challenge Socrates faces are those of Glaucon and Adeimantus. Glaucon presents his challenge first. He is a man who believes in justice, but he is not convinced that it is a virtue, rather that it is a necessary hardship that men impose on themselves....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Justice, Ethics]

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Plato 's Theory Of The Soul

- In book 4 of the Republic, Plato establishes, through the voice of Socrates, his theory of the soul and how it encourages a person to act in a just manner as a just person will always be better off. Plato contests that there are at least three clearly defined and separate parts of the soul. The three parts consist of desire, reason, and spirit. Each of these aspects of the souls has a function and a virtue, and it is when theses three parts act in harmony that a person behaves in a just manner. This assertion is in response to Glaucon, who claims that acting justly is only to one’s benefit if one is recognized for one’s just actions, and therefore there is no inherent value to the individual...   [tags: Soul, Plato, Ethics, Morality]

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Plato Vs. Aristotle On Art

- Is some art “better” than added art and, if so, by what standard. Is there moral and abandoned art, to the point that some art should be banned. Both Plato and Aristotle affected that art would be either acceptable or bad, depending on whether it led anyone adjoin or abroad from rational truth. In accepted Plato assured that art was bad because it led you abroad from the accuracy and played on your emotions. By adverse Aristotle anticipation art was acceptable because it led you adjoin truth. For Plato, art was bad because it was a archetype of a archetype of a copy....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Truth, Art]

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Plato 's Theory Of Recollection

- Is Plato’s Theory of Recollection a plausible solution to Meno’s Paradox of Knowledge. The general topic is Plato’s theory of recollection. Is Plato’s Theory of Recollection the plausible solution to Meno’s Paradox of Knowledge. Throughout many of his dialogues Plato often concludes that we cannot know something through our senses. He often concludes that we became acquainted with our knowledge in a previous existence. In Meno, Socrates states that, “As the soul is immortal, has been born often, and has seen all things here and in the underworld, there is nothing which it has not learned; so it is in no way surprising that it can recollect the things it knew before…” In many of Plato’s wo...   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Soul, Phaedo]

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Plato 's Theory Of Forms

- ... The philosopher believes in two realms: the visible and the invisible. He characterizes the visible realm as being “like the human and mortal and multiform and unintellectual and dissoluble and ever changing” and the invisible as “like the divine and immortal and the intellectual and uniform and indissoluble and ever unchanging. (80 B)” He thinks that the body exists in the visible while the soul exists in the invisible. By insinuating that the soul has divine-like qualities, Socrates believes that the soul dislikes being within the imperfect body; it yearns to free of the temptations associated with the body....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Soul, Immortality]

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Evaluation Of Plato 's Success

- ... To fulfill this need a guardian class of citizens will need to be formed because, as addressed earlier, to achieve justice, a person can only perform one job, because only when a person performs one job is it done best and just (374 a). He then notes that for the guardians to be truly just, they will need certain traits which he believes will be formed by a just education (376 d). Consequently, Socrates and Adeimantus begin inquiry into education to grasp a better understanding of the origin of justice (367 d)....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Soul, Virtue]

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Plato 's Views On Love

- ... People becomes more beautiful to each other as they learn each other’s personalities and their internal beauties. Eryximachus agrees with Phaedrus 's two views on love except he says love exists outside the hearts of men and is nature-like and godlike. He says that one should focus more on heavenly love than common love because it is the moral good. Eryximachus said "it is the Love whose fulfilment lies in virtuous, restrained, and moral behaviour from both gods and men who has the greatest power, and is the source of all our happiness....   [tags: Love, Human, Plato, Romance]

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Plato’s View of Division of Labor in Plato’s Republic

- Plato’s view of division of labour is divided into three types of peoples’ task in life which are workers as farmers, military type and guardians. Actually, the ruling task of Plato’s Republic is the guardian’s responsible who had achieved the greatest wisdom or knowledge of good. Due to that, Plato claims that “philosopher must become kings or those now who called kings must genuinely and adequately philosophise’’ (Nussbaum1998, p.18). However, people argue about the reasons that the philosopher should rule the city, while the philosophers prefer to gain knowledge instead of power, thus they don’t seek this authority....   [tags: Plato, Divisions of Labor, Plato’s Republic, Repub]

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Socrates, Plato, And The Nature Of Justice

- Socrates, Plato, and the Nature of Justice Justice is generally regarded as an important virtue. It is seen as the hallmark of a truly free and fair society, as well as one with a good sense of morality. The average person might see justice as a state where crime is not prevalent, and where individuals are fair and understanding towards one another. However, in order to reach a working definition for justice, one must consider its value and understand the components that make up a greater virtue....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Cardinal virtues, Justice]

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Similarities Between Plato And Aristotle

- Keleah Johnson Dr. Greto PY 317 October 10, 2014 Compare and Contrast Many philosophers are well known for their stances or beliefs. One of the most well-known philosophers are Plato and Aristotle. Plato once being a pupil himself of Socrates found himself being a teacher to Aristotle. This is why both Plato and Aristotle cover most of the same issue topics and have direct contrasts on topics as well as similarities. Most of Plato and Aristotle comparisons can be found in their forms of “Problems of the universals” and Realism verse Idealism....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Psychology, Platonic realism]

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Plato And The Old Oligarch

- Although democracy was meant for the good of the people, some criticized it as it did not really cover the interests of everyone. Plato and the Old Oligarch were some of the major critics of democracy, both Plato and the Old Oligarch saw democracy as unstable and detrimental to society. Plato goes on to provide his solution to democracy, Plato sought to replace democracy with a philosopher king. Aristotle on the other hand, doesn’t completely dismiss democracy, instead, Aristotle insists that a democracy or oligarchy be put into place with the majority of the body being middle class....   [tags: Plato, Democracy, Oligarchy, Political philosophy]

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Plato 's Theory Of Justice

- In Plato’s Republic, the main argument is dedicated to answering Glaucon and Adeimantus, who question the reason for just behavior. They argue it is against one’s self-interest to be just, but Plato believes the behavior is in fact in one’s self-interest because justice is inherently good. Plato tries to prove this through his depiction of an ideal city, which he builds from the ground up, and ultimately concludes that justice requires the philosopher to perform the task of ruling. Since the overall argument is that justice pays, it follows that it would be in the philosopher’s self-interest to rule – however, Plato also states that whenever people with political power believe they benefit f...   [tags: Plato, Justice, Philosophy, Political philosophy]

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The Ring Of Gyges By Plato

- ... Glaucon says that, for most people, “what the law commands they call lawful and just” (359). Being just depends on what the laws and conventions tell individuals, and whatever isn’t a part of it, is said to be unjust. Glaucon believes that most people only follow these laws, because they are too weak to do so otherwise, and to Thus, bringing in the tale of Ring of Gyges, which is used to show that “people value justice not as a good but because they are too weak to injustice with impunity” (359b)....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Ring of Gyges, Law]

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Plato And The Spiritual Realm

- Plato believes in the absolute ideas, of the spiritual realm, and the belief of a higher power. Unlike Plato, Socrates, believes in the ideas on earth rather than the spiritual belief. This forces distance between Plato and the teachings of Socrates. Not only that, but also he believes that the ideal of society is the ideal of perfectionism in the spiritual realm. Plato’s views branch from the teachings he received growing up, and in growing up learning and interpreting on his own became key. Augustine believes in salvation and that is by God’s grace through faith that people are saved....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, God, Augustine of Hippo]

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Similarities Between Aristotle And Plato

- Aristotelian or Platonist Contemplating whether one is born an Aristotelian or a Platonist is no easy task due to the fact that one may seem to relate to both classes to some degree. In order to arrive at a definite assumption of which class I am actually a part of, I pondered the idea of myself in relation to the views of Aristotle and Plato. Since Aristotle was a student of Plato, there are definitely some similarities between the two. Both of them attempted to describe what it means to be virtuous as a human being....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Political philosophy, Socrates]

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Plato 's View Of Justice

- ... Three parts of the city are connected with a virtue. Guardians have the virtue of wisdom, auxiliaries have the virtue of bravery, and workers have the virtue of moderation. Hence, a harmonious city. Thus, the three parts of the city correspond to the parts of the soul the rational, spirited and appetitive part. Aristotle gives credence to the concept that all arts aim at some good even if desired for the sake of something else. There is an ultimate result that we want for its own sake rather as means to an end; the highest good....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue, Plato, Nicomachean Ethics]

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Forms of Love in Plato's Symposium

- Love, in classical Greek literature, is commonly considered as a prominent theme. Love, in present days, always appears in the categories of books, movies or music, etc. Interpreted differently by different people, Love turns into a multi-faceted being. In Plato’s work Symposium, Phaedrus, Pausania, Eryximachus, Aristophane and Agathon, each of them presents a speech to either praise or definite Love. Phaedrus first points out that Love is the primordial god; Pausanias brings the theme of “virtue” into the discussion and categorizes Love into “good” one or “bad” one; Eryximachus introduces the thought of “moderation’ and thinks that Love governs such fields as medicine and music; Aristophane...   [tags: Plato, Symposium, nature of love, relationships]

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Plato 's ' The Crito '

- Plato’s work, The Crito, explores one of the last days of Socrates’ life. This work is set in Socrates’ prison cell, where Socrates is visited by his close friend Crito. Crito is overwhelmed with emotion with the impending loss of his friend, and is attempting to passionately convince Socrates to run away and avoid his sentence set upon him by the court. Crito presents many arguments that would be compelling to most men of his time. Socrates lays out the principles that he has chosen to live his life by and challenges Crito to convince him to leave after considering these principles....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Crito, Socratic method]

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Plato's The Republic: Analysis of the Chapter Entitled "Allegory of the Cave"

- One of the world’s most revered philosophers, Plato, was born in 428 BC. As a young man, Plato, became a devout student of Socrates. Plato quickly adopted Socrates’ teachings and turned his studies toward the question of virtue and noble character. After the execution of his beloved mentor, Plato founded the first English university called the Academy. He wanted thinkers to have a place were they could word toward better government for Greek cities. Over the duration of his life Plato wrote many books, and his most influential work is The Republic....   [tags: The Republic, Plato]

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The Philosophy Of Plato 's The Book Republic

- ... He wants them to see the world for what it is, instead of its beauty they think they see. It’s the philosopher’s job to unveil them (238-246). This is one of the biggest reasons the philosopher king is preferred over the other types of rule and mainly democracy. To him, it shows their ability to justly lead their people in the right direction and that they are practicing their proper expertise. The second reason the philosopher is preferred is because of the notion that philosophers have the experience of all regimes and therefor they fully know what it is like to be the other forms of rule....   [tags: Democracy, Plato, Oligarchy, Government]

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Plato 's The Apology Of Socrates

- ... This answer was not good enough to satisfy Socrates. Laws were indeed important because they help to create an order in the society or acted as a way to avoid an anarchy system. The laws were considered as a system, which pointed directly to justice. Without good laws, things would be in disarray, so the laws were probably necessary for someone to want to be good. However, the laws can be determined by people, which made it possible that the laws would not represent justice. This made it possible for Socrates to be put in this situation....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Question, Socratic method]

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Aristotle And Plato 's Philosophy

- ... Aristotle continues to say that pleasure is a good but it is not the ultimate good. He adds that one of the possible contradictions to this conclusion. Is that some pleasures are also associated with their vices Aristotle then goes on to say that pleasure is linked to an activity. We engage in activities that are pleasant, but the pleasure is not in the activity itself, but is something that comes from the activity itself. Socrates also believes this as he talks about the unexamined life is not worth living in the Apology during his trial....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle]

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Plato 's The Apology Essay

- ... There is no reason for Socrates to oppose the Laws of Athens. However, I cannot completely agree with this argument because I think the reason that Socrates will confess the death penalty is not that he agree with the Laws of Athens. When Crito is attempting to convince him to flee, Socrates refutes by showing the reactions that the Athens’s citizens may behave that “What are you intending to do. By attempting this deed, aren’t you planning to do nothing other than destroy us, the laws, and the civic community, as much has you can....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Crito, Trial of Socrates]

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Historical Views of Leadership: Plato and Aristotle

- What is leadership, and how do we attain the best and most effective leaders. These are questions that are as old as civilization itself. Bass (1974) wrote that, “from its infancy, the study of history has been the study of leaders” (as cited in Wren, 1995, p. 50). Since the study of history in the West is commonly held to begin with Herodotus of ancient Athens, it is not surprising that we should examine the historical views of leadership through the eyes of two titans of Greek thought: Plato and Aristotle....   [tags: Leadership, Plato, Aristotle]

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Plato 's Theory Of Knowledge And Opinion

- ... That is why Plato’s explanation about the “Forms” will is a vital feature in trying to resolve this dilemma. In order for something to be proven right from wrong, it needs to be recollect its true knowledge learned from its other life experiences and apply this knowledge on his present physical life. Plato sees the “Forms” as broad intellectual realities. If there was no knowledge of such “Forms”, we will not be able to classify them and its definition. In order for him to call a true “Forms”, it needs to have certain characteristics along with their functions and requirements....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Socrates, Epistemology]

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The Genius of Plato

- Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens, Greece. When he was a child his father, Ariston, who was believed to be descended from the early kings of Athens died, and his mother, Perictione married Pyrilampes. As a young man Plato was always interested in political leadership and eventually became a disciple of Socrates. He followed his philosophy and his dialectical style, which is believed to be the search for truth through questions, answers, and additional questions. After witnessing the death of Socrates at the hands of the Athenian democracy in 399 B.C., Plato left Athens and continued to travel to Italy, Sicily, and Egypt....   [tags: Plato Biography]

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Plato’s Theory of The Soul in The Republic

- Plato’s Republic introduces a multitude of important and interesting concepts, of topics ranging from music, to gender equality, to political regime. For this reason, many philosophers and scholars still look back to The Republic in spite of its age. Yet one part that stands out in particular is Plato’s discussion of the soul in the fourth book of the Republic. Not only is this section interesting, but it was also extremely important for all proceeding moral philosophy, as Plato’s definition has been used ever since as a standard since then....   [tags: Literary Analysis, Plato, Republic]

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The Dividing Lien of Plato's Allegory of the Cave

- Plato’s allegory of the cave, located in Book VII of The Republic is one of the most famous allegories in which he has created. This simile touches base on a number of philosophical ideas which Plato developed over the progression of The Republic (Plato, G.M.A Grube, 1993), the most noticeable being the dividing line. The dividing line is the point between the world of ideas where we live and the world of the forms which is in the heavens. This allegory of the cave helps people understand the theory on which philosophy is based....   [tags: Plato, Allegory of the Cave, analysis]

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Plato 's Apology And The Wisdom Of Socrates

- ... After this, the person gives their definition of that virtue. In Plato’s Euthyphro, Euthyphro’s answer is “ I say that the pious is to do what I am doing now, to prosecute the wrongdoer, be it about murder or temple robbery or anything else, whether the wrongdoer is your father or your mother or anyone else; not to prosecute is impious” (Plato). After this, Socrates proves the persons definition wrong through the use of examples, and then another definition is given, and the process repeats itself....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Philosophy, Virtue]

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Plato 's View On Reality And Knowledge

- ... Socrates took up the basic challenge of explaining how justice as a concern related to a just person 's objectives, success or happiness. In previous philosophical articles, Socrates had argued that, justice was like a virtue, which made the soul to perform its functions at optimal to enable the person to live well, blessed and happy. Socrates retained that justice belonged to the class of goods that were loved both for their own sake and that of their consequences by anyone who was going to be blessed....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Philosophy, Ethics]

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Plato 's Ideas About Democracy

- ... The prisoners cannot turn their heads out of the cave because they are chained. Their physical immobility causes the fact that eventually they begin to perceive these shadows as real objects while this is not true. Analyzing the myth of the cave, one can use it to understand the critical attitude of Plato to the adherents of democracy and to the democratic regime. In other words, the myth of the cave serves as a vivid illustration of this situation, where the prisoners of the cave are the supporters of democracy and their existence is akin to the existence within the framework of a democratic society....   [tags: Democracy, Government, Oligarchy, Plato]

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Plato 's Philosophy On Human Nature

- ... I become more motivated to not become this person because I view this person as a negative or a person with bad traits, so I do not end up in a similar situation. I think so much deeper about why I like the things I do because of what I have learned from Plato’s theories. Aristotle, which was a student of Plato is another philosopher, I found interesting because his theory on happiness relates to my daily life. His philosophical theory was very simple and he wanted to teach people how to be happy....   [tags: Philosophy, Ethics, Plato, Happiness]

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Comparing Nietzsche And Plato 's The Republic

- ... Hence, when one governs a democratic society the person has the right to choice a vast majority of careers in order to enhance and strengths his or her virtue and goal.Although Jesus Christ, the Father, and the Holy Spirit display different skills, virtues, and end goal, they both act as one person. Furthermore, there are some people that have different talents, and can still operate and govern a craft the same way as medicine or shoemaking. Thus, an individual needs education and skills in those tasks....   [tags: Democracy, Plato, Skill, Socrates]

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Comparing Plato 's Socratic Dialogues

- ... It would also leave his children without a father and would facilitate the injustice that is his death sentence. Conversely, Socrates argues that public opinion does not matter and escaping would be acting unjustly against the laws of Athens, which he, as a citizen, is obligated to obey. The pair struggle to determine what the virtuous action, in this case, would be, and ultimately “must ‘follow the argument’ that seems best to him” because neither can be considered moral experts. Further evidence that humans are incapable of being moral experts appears in the Apology....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Virtue, Platonism]

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Plato 's View On The Education Of Women

- There isn’t much known about Plato’s early life accept that he was born 428 B.C., both sides of his parents were well off financially and politically, and that he studied under Socrates. Plato was a faithful follower of Socrates, but they did not agree on everything, for instance they had a different view on the education of women. Plato believed that women could be taught and Socrates did not share this view. In Plato’s early 20’s he was very interested in a political career, his Uncle Critas had a major role in overthrowing a democratic government....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Democracy, Thirty Tyrants]

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1536 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Comparing Plato 's Apology And Phaedo

- Classical Greece is noted for various contributions to modern society. Perhaps one of their biggest contributions is the development of philosophy. Socrates, a well-known Greek philosopher, gave the modern world the Socratic Method, among others. He challenged many Athenian values while reaffirming others. Unfortunately, all that is left of his teachings are those that were written down by his students, most notably by Plato. Through Plato’s Apology and Phaedo, Socrates’s argumentative and dialogue styles reaffirm the Athenian value of participatory culture while refuting the value of relative glorification of the human body in effective and ineffective ways....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Socratic method, Soul]

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Plato on the Parthenon

- Plato on the Parthenon The philosophical ideas of Plato that relate to the Parthenon include whether the structure is an element of the Visible World or the Intelligible World. In my opinion, Plato would view the Parthenon as an object in the Visible World. The Parthenon is a one of a kind monument that is tangible and exists in our real world. The Parthenon is an architectural project and deals with forms of science and mathematics. Plato's view of science and mathematics are categorized as forms in the Intelligible World, which are intangible....   [tags: Plato Parthenon Essays]

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Plato and Aristotle: Their Contributions to the Development of Western Philosophy

- The philosophies of Plato and Aristotle and their contributions to the development of western philosophy. Plato was a classical Greek philosopher and one of the top 5 contributors to Western philosophy, educator after his mentor, Socrates and teacher of Aristotle. His sophistication as a writer started while under the tutelage of Socrates, continued through his establishing of his own academy, (The Academy of Athens which has been labeled as the first institution of higher learning in the Western World) and throughout his many years as an open minded author....   [tags: Plato and Aristotle Essays]

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Plato And Aristotle 's Philosophy On Happiness And How It Is Achieved

- ... This means that the soul is more concerned with fulfilling the rational part just as in a just society where the members aim at following what the ruler does. According to Plato, justice is good for it brings pleasure. The Nicomachean ethics goal is to determine how to achieve happiness basically by use of virtues. Aristotle argues that when someone observes virtue, they automatically behave in the right ways achieving pleasure. Distributive and rectificatory are the two forms of justice according to Aristotle....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Ethics, Philosophy]

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Plato, Alexander The Great, Aristotle And Of Course Socrates

- ... These three accusers say that Socrates has been corrupting the youth with his false teachings, publicly ridiculing the “wise” people of the city, gaining monetary profits from teaching people the things he knows, making the weaker argument the stronger one and also having the wrong belief of the gods. Is Socrates really doing any wrong or is he just speaking the truth to the people of Athens. Socrates is deemed an “accomplished speaker” and the accusers of Socrates find this to be very dangerous....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Philosophy, Knowledge]

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The Republic By Plato

- "The Republic" by Plato The Republic written by Plato examines many things. It mainly is about the Good life. Plato seems to believe that the perfect life is led only under perfect conditions which is the perfect society. Within the perfect society there would have to be justice. In the Republic it seems that justice is defined many different ways. In this paper I am going to discuss a few. First I am going to discuss the reason why Glaucon and Adeimantus see justice as being a bad thing and it is better to live a unjust life....   [tags: Republic Justice Plato Essays]

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1084 words | (3.1 pages) | Preview

Analysis of The Allegory of the Cave by Plato

- An Analysis of "The Allegory of the Cave" by Plato The Allegory of the Cave is Plato's explanation of the education of the soul toward enlightenment. He sees it as what happens when someone is educated to the level of philosopher. He contends that they must "go back into the cave" or return to the everyday world of politics, greed and power struggles. The Allegory also attacks people who rely upon or are slaves to their senses. The chains that bind the prisoners are the senses. The fun of the allegory is to try to put all the details of the cave into your interpretation....   [tags: Philosophy Plato]

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An Analysis Of Sophocles ' Antigone And Plato 's Apology

- ... Despite Antigone and Socrates both revere willingness to obey law, even if it results in death, Antigone feels that divine law supersedes state law while Socrates believes that both must be obeyed, for whatever it is they stand for. Antigone believes that her unwritten natural law succeeds the likes of mankind. Antigone understands that honor and responsibility to one’s family have equal distribution in her defense. She clarifies that she doesn’t fear the condemning she is unfortunately sentenced to, but the penalties from the divine, if she does not act on the evil doings that besieges her poor life....   [tags: Law, Plato, Justice, Apology]

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Plato's Cave

- The basic premise of Plato's allegory of the cave is to depict the nature of the human being, where true reality is hidden, false images and information are perceived as reality. In the allegory Plato tells a story about a man put on a Gnostics path. Prisoners seating in a cave with their legs and necks chained down since childhood, in such way that they cannot move or see each other, only look into the shadows on the wall in front of them; not realizing they have three-dimensional bodies....   [tags: Plato's Allegory, Human Nature]

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1131 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Plato and Sir Philip Sydney's Views on Poetry

- It seems that Plato and Sir Philip Sidney are somewhat different and alike but Sidney is more relative. He makes it acceptable for poetry to experiment in different things instead of being so serious all the time. Comparing the two essays, Sidney is more realistic and practical about poetry and its meaning than Plato. Plato wants to create something that does not exist in the world-The Perfect Ideal State. There is nothing wrong with wanting to improve your living environment or the world that you live in, but everything will not go away by the snap of a finger....   [tags: Plato, Sir Philip Sydney, poetry, ]

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Plato’s Portrayal of Socrates

- Plato’s Portrayal of Socrates The portrayal of Socrates by his student Plato creates one of the most controversial characters of all time. There are few other personalities in history that have drawn criticism and praise from the furthest ends of each spectrum. Socrates has been called the inventor of reason and logic, and at the same time has been condemned as a corruptor and a flake. Perhaps he was all of these. Despite this disagreement, one is a certainty: Socrates had a very interesting and active sense of humor....   [tags: Plato Socrates]

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2381 words | (6.8 pages) | Preview

Plato's The Crito

- Plato's The Crito In life, people are guided by moral beliefs and principles. Whether their beliefs are good or bad, their decisions are based on them. In Plato “The Crito”, Socrates emphasizes his moral beliefs and principles when he decides not to escape from prison. Although Socrates had the opportunity to escape his death sentence, he chose not to do so because he had a moral obligation to commit a sacrifice....   [tags: Socrates Morals Plato Ethics]

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Model of Justice in Plato's The Republic

- Model of Justice in Plato's The Republic In what is perhaps his most well-known text, The Republic, Plato explores the fundamental concept of justice, how it is observed in the world, and its application to the lives of men. When he identifies the good in Book VI, which is reality and knowledge in their true forms, Plato also describes the visual world of shadows and false reality that people perceive and is cast by the sun. What follows from these definitions is that, while justice is a concept that exists autonomously from injustice and other fleeting conditions, injustice requires justice to be a medium for it to exist, develop, and spread itself....   [tags: Republic Plato Philosophy]

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Context and Contradictions in Plato's Phaedrus and Plato's Symposium

- Context and Contradictions in Plato's Phaedrus and Plato's Symposium It is well known that Plato, a devoted student of Socrates, chronicled many of Socrates' speeches and conversations. Every so often one can find instances where Socrates and other players in these conversations seem to contradict themselves, or at least muddle their arguments. One such occurrence of this is in Plato's Symposium and Plato's Phaedrus. Both texts speak of love in its physical sense, both texts describe love and its effects, and both discuss how it is best realized, yet they do this in very different fashions, and for different reasons....   [tags: Plato Socrates Phaedrus Symposium Papers]

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How Globalization is Changing World Governments Compared to Plato and Aristotle's Government

- The way the government structure is organized has been changing ever since humans began to live in a polis. The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle believed that humans were political animals, thus the reason for organizing ourselves into a political state. However the way governments are organized, and which political system works best has been the centrepiece for many violent conflicts in the past, and will continue to challenge the world into the future. Yet a new form of organization is taking place in the 21st century and has been given the term “globalization.” With the onset of globalization many of those in government have had to change their governing style in order to keep up with...   [tags: Globalization, Governments, Plato, Aristotle]

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Comparing Phaedrus And Plato And Schopenhaur : Breach Between Beauty And Morality

- ... When love and beauty are ruled by desire for pleasure, beauty in its pure form cannot be attained. Socrates says that a man who is not ruled by this Beauty and is ruled by a selfish drive for pleasure will stop his loved one from reaching this place of beauty also. He says: A man who is ruled by desire and is a slave to pleasure will turn his boy into whatever is most pleasing to himself... he will be jealous and keep the boy away from the good company of anyone who could make a better man of him; and that will cause him a great deal of harm, especially if he keeps him away from what would most improve his mind - ......   [tags: Aesthetics, Philosophy, Plato, Socrates]

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Plato’s Republic and the Just War Theory Versus Humanitarian Intervention

- American involvement in humanitarian intervention is one of the most controversial issues in contemporary US foreign policy. The definition of humanitarian intervention is a military intervention; entering into a country for the purposes of saving lives and protecting citizens from the violation of their human rights. As in all debates, there are always two sides. One side disputes that military force should only be applied when, in the words of former Secretary of Defense Weinberger, ‘a vital national interest is at stake.’ ¹ The opposing side disputes that the US should apply military force to mediate when in the words of former president Clinton, “someone comes after innocent civilians…an...   [tags: plato, republic, war]

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Plato’s Republic: Proto-traditional Feminism and Modern Feminism

- In book five of Plato’s Republic, Socrates argues that in the ideal city of Kallipolis, both men and women will serve as guardians and auxiliaries. Consequently, Plato appears to endorse feminist ideologies. Firs,t I will define proto-traditional feminism, and modern feminism. I will then argue that Plato presents Socrates, and thereby himself, as an advocate for feminism. However, I will show that Plato is only a feminist under the proto-traditional definition of feminism. He fails to fit the modern definition of feminism, as this definition is contingent on equality and equity....   [tags: Feminism, Plato, proto-traditional]

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Applying Plato's Allegory of the Cave

- Applying Plato's Allegory of the Cave to Oedipus Rex, Hamlet,and Thomas Becket Plato was one of the greatest philosophers of all time. He is recognized all over the world as one of the greatest minds of all time. Knowledge is required under compulsion has not hold on the mind.(Durant 24). Plato's dialogues are the fruit of a rare mind; but the could not have kept their perennial freshness if they had not somehow succeeded in expressing he problems and the convictions that are common to Plato's age and to all later ages....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Philosophical]

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1642 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Plato's The Allegory of the Cave

- Plato's The Allegory of the Cave In Plato’s “The Allegory of the Cave,” he suggests that there are two different forms of vision, a “mind’s eye” and a “bodily eye.” The “bodily eye” is a metaphor for the senses. While inside the cave, the prisoners function only with this eye. The “mind’s eye” is a higher level of thinking, and is mobilized only when the prisoner is released into the outside world. This eye does not exist within the cave; it only exists in the real, perfect world. The “bodily eye” relies on sensory perceptions about the world in order to determine what is reality....   [tags: Plato Allegory Cave Essays]

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811 words | (2.3 pages) | Preview

Socrates And Plato The Simple Question Of Whether Virtue Can Be Taught

- ... Meno’s mind only thinks about particular things and cannot define the general concept of virtue. He only lists different kinds of virtues that multiple people have during their lives. Socrates wants to enlighten Meno “about the utmost generality of a concept such as that of virtue, that it must be one rather than a many, as Plato in his theory of Forms would also insist” (pg.16). Socrates tries to teach Meno the correct way of thinking and change his ways by using his dialectic. The dialectic’s message is to receive knowledge about realities, like virtue, the soul needs to move to a higher level and get over the hump of thinking about content of the mind....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Ethics, Metaphysics]

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1288 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Comparing The Oresteia And The 3 Dialogues By Plato Euthyrpo, Apology And Crito

- ... This is due to the fact that humans are mortal beings canpable of sin and therefore are not ones to properly judge purely by themselves what is just and how they should go about enacting justice. In Mycenae the furies are in charge of going after people who have committed blood crimes like murder and seeking vengeance. However this form of jsuice produce by the furies or the moral is not befneficial for the society. The qote an eye for an eye makes the whole world blind is a very adapt phrase for the situation in this play....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Crito, KILL]

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Plato on the Existence of Negative Forms

- Plato on the Existence of Negative Forms The question of the origin and nature of evil in the world has preoccupied philosophers throughout history. The ancient philosopher Plato does not directly address this question in his writings, but it can be argued that the logic of his theory of forms demands the existence of forms that are negative in meaning, such as the evil and the bad. When discussing his theory of imitation, Plato alludes to the principle that whenever there are many things of the same nature, there is one form for that nature....   [tags: Plato Philosophy Negative Form Essays]

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4238 words | (12.1 pages) | Preview

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