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Plato And The Ideas Of Plato

- “No other Dialogue of Plato has the same largeness of view and the same perfection of style; no other shows an equal knowledge of the world, or contains more of those thoughts which are new as well as old, and not of one age only but of all,” (ICON Group International). This group discusses the many aspects of Republic by Plato and the ideas of Socrates. This is one of many groups that looks up upon the work of Plato as he recorded the life of Socrates. Socrates was a very interesting man, and this was especially recorded in the Dialogues of Plato through great parts of it such as The Apology and Republic....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Ethics, Cardinal virtues]

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Analysis Of Plato 's The Republic Of Plato

- In The Republic of Plato, Plato presents a wide array of ideologies that span from his views on gender equality to what characteristics define a person’s soul. In his arguments he works through the cloud of reasoning to define the perfect society and the concepts that must be applied to achieve an organized form of government. Many of the concepts that Plato presents are still heavily evident in modern society, which is why the text is still used as a reflection for political ideas and morality....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Reason, Philosophy]

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The Republic By Plato

- The purpose of The Republic by Plato is to explain, define and seek the true definition of justice and highlight the flaws of the democratic political system. Plato constructs the argument that leaders of a nation (kings) should become philosophers, or philosophers should become kings. Throughout his book, Plato deliberately expresses his belief that it takes a special kind of knowledge and wisdom to rule a nation justly and successfully. The cave is depicted as a allegory that explains the path one has to take when it comes to education in order to achieve the ultimate source of good, knowledge....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Justice, Ontology]

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The Apology, By Plato

- The Apology, written by Plato, is an account of the trial in which a 70 year old Socrates defends himself for charges of corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates delivers his defense to a rather large jury, representing the entirety of the Populares, in the form of a monologue. Although the defendant and the prosecutor both have a voice in the punishment, Socrates ultimately chooses death. Socrates accepts the fact that people are unwilling to accept the truth, and he felt if he did not choose death people would assume he was guilty....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Truth, Accept]

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The Apology Of Plato 's Apology

- Analysis of The Apology The chosen passage about Socrates denying his place in corrupting the youth from The Apology is important to the overall understanding of The Apology and the trial, because Socrates trial was brought on over this claim and if Socrates did not corrupt the youth, or did so unwillingly, then he is innocent and should not be put on trial for such actions. This passage helps in the overall understanding of why Socrates trial was brought on, and explains how he is innocent in this accusation....   [tags: Socrates, Plato]

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The Republic, By Plato

- What is Justice. This seems to be the simple question to multiple answers and different opinion on what is it. From the classical days to our current modern day the question is what justice is yet to be answered. Although, the topic being vast and complicated it is somewhat defined or theorized as human virtue that makes a person befitting and good; justice is a social awareness that makes a society peaceful and good. This leads theory leads to so many questions in Plato’s book the Republic, like does absolute justice exist and what is just....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Virtue, Political philosophy]

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Justice in Plato´s The Republic

- In book four of Plato's “The Republic” Socrates defines justice in the individual as analogous to justice in the state. I will explain Socrates' definition of justice in the individual, and then show that Socrates cannot certify that his definition of justice is correct, without asking further questions about justice. I will argue that if we act according to this definition of justice, then we do not know when we are acting just. Since neither the meaning of justice, nor the meaning of good judgement, is contained in the definition, then one can act unjustly while obeying to the definition of justice....   [tags: Plato's The Republic]

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Analysis Of Socrates Argument On Plato 's Republic And Plato

- In this paper I will give an in depth analysis of Socrates argument in Plato’s Republic and in Plato’s Phaedo. First I will begin with the analysis of the Republic, a discussion between Socrates and Glaucon on morality of the human being. The argument first defines morality within a good community and proceeds with the application of this definition in the human person. Then I shall analysis Phaedo, Socrates argument of immortality of the soul. Using his argument of death, reincarnation, change and invisibility, I shall explain Socrates rejoice of death....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Reincarnation, Philosophy]

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The Republic Of Plato 's Republic

- Young people should not be permitted to read Plato’s Republic. In fact, the general population should not be allowed to read it either. This is arguably what most frustrated university students tend to think when they are asked to read this text. Although, it might please them to know that Plato feels exactly the same way as they do. Republic is a work that contains an abundance of lies, allegories and theories, all of which can be classified as falsehoods by Plato. Supposing Republic were to be evaluated by Plato as a story for young people, the presence of these falsehoods makes this dialogue one that children should not be allowed to read....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Platonism, Socrates]

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Confusion And Plato

- Confusion Confusion plagues everyone in the world. Daily people are subject to struggles that involve them being confused and allow them to not fully take in what the world has to offer. Confusion simply put is the "impaired orientation with respect to time, place, or person; a disturbed mental state." With that said it is evident that many things a susceptible to confusion, and being confused. When reading Plato one cannot help to be confused, some confused on the general meaning others confused on the actual wording....   [tags: Plato]

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Analysis Of Plato 's ' The Soul '

- Part A A-2: In Phaedrus, Plato uses the symbol of a chariot and team to represent the soul. He states, “Let us then liken the soul to the natural union of a team of winged horses and the charioteer. The gods have horses and charioteers that are themselves all good and come from stock of the same sort, everyone else has a mixture” (Phaedrus 246B). As the chariot is made of a charioteer and two horses, Plato claims that the soul is made of three parts. In Plato’s myth, reason is the charioteer that drives the two other parts of the soul the horses onwards....   [tags: Aristotle, Plato, Metaphysics, Ontology]

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Analysis of Aristotle and Plato's Thoughts

- Philosophers are all known for questioning and exploring Ideals; taking a look at all options and what is most important. While Aristotle and Plato both take a plunge into the unknowns of a political state, Aristotle demonstrates a state for individuals, to rule as equals, contrary to Plato’s strict utopian structure and group over individual hierarchy view of the ideal state. Plato’s ideal state is strictly structured through a utopian ideal. Everything within Plato’s ideal state has a place and purpose, and everyone within it is aware of that....   [tags: aristotle, plato's ideal, utopia]

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The Soul Stays the Same in Plato

- “I think, Socrates, he said, that on this line of argument any man, even the dullest, would agree that the soul is altogether more like that which always exists in the same state rather than like that which does not” (Plato, Phaedo 79e) In this paper I will argue that the soul is not necessarily unchanging and eternal, as many of Plato’s arguments would suggest otherwise. The main reasons in support of this claim are that there are questionable conclusions that Plato had reached that challenge the validity of his theory on immortal souls....   [tags: plato, death, eternal]

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Plato 's The Allegory Of The Cave

- Likewise, Plato’s philosopher king also uses the same concept but calls it “Justice” or “Good.” Similarly, to Machiavelli, who needs his Prince to have virtù to lead the people, Plato necessitates that his king use philosophical knowledge and emphasize justice to guide the unenlightened masses towards a just and stable society as well. When Socrates discusses the allegory of the cave, he remarks how when rulers must descend “to the general underground abode” where the masses “reside,” the ruler “will see a thousand times better than [the inhabitants of the cave]…because [the ruler has] seen the truth about things admirable and just and good” (Plato 520c)....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Political philosophy]

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Plato 's Version Of The Speech

- Plato, being an admirer and student of Socrates, wrote his version of Socrates’ speech as he defended himself in court against his charges of corrupting the youth, and impiety called The Apology. In comparison, Xenophon also wrote his version of the speech. Seeing as though each author has many supporting details that support their view as far as the outcome of the trial, Plato’s version of his apology may have been somewhat biased. Xenophon, on the other hand, was more at peace with the outcome of the trial....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Apology, Xenophon]

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Plato 's Philosophy Of Education

- Plato (420-348 BC) has been called one of the greatest mind thinkers of all time. Plato came from a wealthy and influential family in Athens. Plato was taught by the great philosopher Socrates and Plato 's pupil was Aristotle. Plato cover a great variety of subjects such as justice, politics, leadership, and education. Plato 's ideas have been called great, however, some critics have said he 's ideals were unrealistic. This paper will look at four different authors and their critiques of Plato 's philosophy of education....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Virtue, Education]

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The Apology Of Plato 's Apology

- Plato’s Apology gives insight to the thoughts and workings of the brilliant mind of Socrates. Everything we know about the philosopher is through the writings and works of his students and followers (Dean, 2014). The Apology is Plato’s version of the speech Socrates gave when he was put on trial. This important piece of literature demonstrates the skill that Socrates possessed in rhetoric, examination, and improvised speech which aided him in disproving the accusations made against him. The Oracle of Delphi, a god, who by nature could not lie, proclaimed that Socrates was the wisest of men (Plato, trans....   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Philosophy, Wisdom]

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The Philosophy Of Plato And Mill

- Plato and Mill lived in separate centuries, far from another. Despite this, they were able to connect through philosophical arguments that disregard time. The philosophy of Plato is similar to Mill but contradict their values in separate areas. Plato’s ideology portrays a world with a strict caste system where individuals were born into a specific role. In contrast, Mill believed in a society where a human being is only limited in their sense of purpose through their sheer power of will. Plato and Mill’s resolve is an image of a happy society where the difference is based between individualism and society as a whole....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Belief, Epistemology]

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Plato 's Allegory Of The Cave

- Plato defines wisdom as the constant pursuit of knowledge in his dialogue The Republic Plato illustrates his idea of forms through an analogy, the allegory of the cave. In this dialogue, Plato exemplifies wisdom and inadvertently creates an analogy that is applicable to modern day Christianity. In Plato 's allegory, there are many examples of individuals who display the characteristics of one he would presume wise. In his allegory, there are two groups of people; those who are in the cave and those who are outside the cave....   [tags: Plato, Virtue, Wisdom, Christianity]

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Plato 's Theory Of The Soul

- Plato taught his contemporaries of the idea of the soul and how it has a desire and goal to become a pure. To do this Plato stressed that every human being must compare him or herself to the most high, Godly truth. To accomplish this, humans were expected to live by the universal example by struggling with bodily temptations and sins to be able to keep the soul pure. Plato’s thoughts became the forerunner and basis for many religions in his time and overall applied to all humans as a code of how to live....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Democracy, Republic]

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Plato 's Influence On The Philosophy

- Plato has had a lot of influence on the philosophy that we have today. In this modern time we do not really have our own philosophy we are learning our philosophy from a guy that wrote it hundreds of years ago. It is really significant that we are still going with his thoughts on justice and things like that, but the ideas are a little old and not very well applied to the modern ways of life. I found this person who was writing about why Plato was wrong and she made some very good point in which the language and arguments make no sense and there really is no information there....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Ethics, Socrates]

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The Apology Of Socrates And The Republic Of Plato

- Over the years of my highschool and college education, I have read the “Apology of Socrates” and “The Republic of Plato” four times. Every time I read these two texts, I come out of the experience with something new. There is just so much information in these two books that you are never able to catch all the little details and hidden meanings. I imagine that even if I read these books hundreds of times, I still wouldn’t have grasped all that I was intended to. I think the reason behind this is because Socrates’ personality is so complex, and you never fully understand exactly what he’s trying to say....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Apology, Athens]

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The Allegory Of The Cave By Plato

- In The Allegory of the Cave by Plato, a controversial issue has been whether “pouring in of knowledge” is not education or whether it is education. On one hand, some argue that education is the process of receiving or giving logical instruction. From this perception, education is all about learning and teaching from one generation to another. On the other hand, however, others argue that education is not all about “pouring in of knowledge.” In the words of Plato, “education isn’t what some people declare it to be, naming, putting knowledge into souls that lack it, like putting sight into blind eyes (5)....   [tags: Education, Teacher, Learning, Plato]

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Plato 's Theory Of Justice

- Plato who was a Greek philosopher and was the founder of the academy in Athens. Plato was Socrates student, but as education furthered, he began to form his own ideals. Plato’s Republic, translated from the New Standard Greek Text and an introduction by C.D.C. Reeve is the compilation of Plato’s teachings. An incredibly common concept that is discussed throughout the text is the idea of Justice and what it truly means to be just and to live a just life. Plato is asked to argue his definition of justice and explain why his definition is the correct one....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Justice, Platonism]

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Plato 's Allegory Of The Cave

- In Republic book VII Plato explains his analogy of the cave (an analogy is a simple story that has metaphorical meaning). Plato uses the analogy to help describe his philosophical position on the main difference between the physical world and the World of Forms (WoF). He believes that his analogy could clearly explain to others why the physical or world of sense experience was nothing but an illusion; that true reality must be found in the eternal unchanging World of Forms. Plato’s analogy begins in a cave....   [tags: Mind, Reality, Epistemology, Plato]

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Censorship Of The Republic By Plato

- Censorship in the Republic Plato’s version of the involves a selective process where the government selects what job the people will have when they are children and groom them to only be able to do that said job. Keeping information away from certain people is Plato’s idea of keeping a just city-state. His belief could cause more harm than good because it creates large divides in the society, create unknowledgeable people to have all the power, and lead to problems with everyone within the government....   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Democracy, Philosophy]

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Plato : Works And Contributions

- Plato: Works and Contributions The Ancient Greeks have been credited with many contributions to society throughout history. From Science to Art and Literature, the Greeks have heavily influenced some of the cultures that later followed such as the Romans in the 700’s. Out of these contributions non other was more influential to modern times than Philosophy. The Greek word “Philosophy”, the study of ideas about knowledge, truth, the nature and meaning of life (Webster). Western Philosophy as we know it today was studied by many such as Anaximander and Hippocrates and even Socrates, who taught to use systematic questioning to explain the truths of the universe by teaching his students to take...   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Socrates, Greece]

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Plato 's Attainment Of Virtues

- Plato: Attainment of Virtues Attaining virtue is something that most philosophers did during their time. Philosophers employed a variety of definitions in order to define many of the issues their students and associates faced at different times. Philosophers like Plato and Socrates employed a quality approach that was to develop virtue in the minds and souls of their associates. The attaining virtue is the core subject that was to define the social, economic and political lives of the people. For example, attaining virtue in political democracy lead to the death of Socrates in the dialogue....   [tags: Plato, Virtue, Ethics, Socrates]

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Aristotle and Plato's Views on Reality

- Aristotle and Plato were both great thinkers but their views on realty were different. Plato viewed realty as taking place in the mind but Aristotle viewed realty is tangible. Even though Aristotle termed reality as concrete, he stated that reality does not make sense or exist until the mind process it. Therefore truth is dependent upon a person’s mind and external factors. According to Aristotle, things are seen as taking course and will eventually come to a stop when potential is reached. The entire process of potential to actuality is call causation....   [tags: Aristotle, Plato, philosophy, ]

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The Republic By Plato And Book X

- The Republic by Plato is a dialogue that discusses the importance of education and truth. Separated into multiple books, the excerpts analyzed were Book VII and Book X. Similar to Euthyphro, the dialogue is spoken by Plato’s teacher, Socrates. The seventh book focuses on a narrative inside a cave, with prisoners that have never stepped foot outside of the cavern. They are also bound by chains directly in front of a wall, with a flame that creates the shadows of “men passing along the wall carrying all sorts of vessels, and statues and figures of animals made of wood and stone and various materials” far behind them (pp. 1)....   [tags: Plato, Truth, Reincarnation, Afterlife]

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Plato 's Theory Of Forms

- Socrates Plato, and Aristotle have had a huge influence on Philosophy is still incomparable, up to this day. From what I have learned in this course, I will explain how they have inspired, invented and even have changed many people’s view on life. One of Plato’s theories is his view on the universe, called Theory of Forms. According to Plato, we live in world that is constantly undertaking change. Plato says that nothing is ever permanent; people, animals and crops, and wildlife live and then die eventually....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Socrates, Aristotle]

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Plato 's Philosophy And Philosophy

- Plato is one of the most influential Western philosophers to have ever lived, and also one of the few philosophers that we believe to have the entire output of thanks to his literary works remaining intact after all of these years. Plato had the opportunity to study under Socrates, who he held to be the wisest and best and most just of all human beings. It was this love and respect for his teacher that inspired Plato to write a series of philosophical dialogues to help rehabilitate his teacher’s reputation and also defy those who had executed him....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Mind, Metaphysics]

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Plato 's Critique Of Democracy

- Cambridge dictionary defines democracy as the belief in freedom and equality between people, or a system of government based on this belief, in which power is held by elected representatives or directly by the people themselves. Democracy has been in existence for at least 2,500 years, and is believed to have originated in Ancient Athens. Plato’s critique of democracy is thought provoking. Plato claims that democracy is a stage of political being, he believes believed that from oligarchy comes democracy, and from democracy comes tyranny ....   [tags: Democracy, Oligarchy, Plato, Leadership]

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Plato And Aristotle 's Philosophy

- Emmanuel Marsh Professor Wiener POL. SCI 204 During the fourth century BC, Athens two most influential thinkers of all time had emerged, Plato and Aristotle. Socrates, a great influential philosopher who influence his pupil such as Plato, through his teachings. Plato, then became the teacher of Aristotle, who although was a long term follower, found fault in Plato`s theories. In fact, Aristotle became a great critic of his teacher. Despite his criticism, Aristotle was influenced by Plato and in so their works are easily comparable, however, some aspect of their philosophy can be contradictive....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Truth, Logic]

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Plato 's Theory Of Justice

- In The Republic Plato constructs his argument through an analogy between a city and the soul on what justice means to him. The two main questions that drive the dialogue between philosophers are, “What is justice?” and “Is justice preferable to injustice?” Plato’s thesis of The Republic is that justice is about one’s inner harmony with the tripartite of the soul and this is seen through his analogy of the city. Instead of allowing equal value to each virtue, Plato makes the virtue of wisdom the most important, causing people who possess the other virtues seem less valuable....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Justice, Ethics]

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Honor in Plato, Sophocles, and Voltaire

- Plato writes of a philosophical man condemned to death in the court of law in The Trial and Death of Socrates. Socrates is punished for preaching of his gods and corrupting the youth of Athens. The next piece of work discussed is Antigone, written by Sophocles. Antigone is a young lady who feels it is her duty and obligation to defy Creon’s rule to properly bury her brother. Lastly, the text of Voltaire’s Candide displays how a man cannot find happiness even in the best of situations. Candide travels the world in the attempt to become a man of wealth and power and reunite with the love of his life....   [tags: plato, socrates, sophocles]

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Plato And Aristotle On Wisdom

- Certainly, it is true that Plato and Aristotle agree on wisdom being the primary requirement for a truly just and good polis. However, they possess different approaches to governing the city, which are based on Plato’s vision of the (1) the individual governance of the king and (2) Aristotle’s the collective governance of the aristocracy. Plato argued in favor of the philosopher king because of the inherent qualities of thought found in the philosopher’s mind. In this case, men of great wisdom and virtue were considered to be rare, which made the philosopher the only proper candidate to rule over others....   [tags: Democracy, Plato, Virtue, Republic]

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Plato And The Modern World

- Plato, a philosopher born around 428 B.C.E, is held in high esteem for a few reasons, including being born into wealth and political power (Solomon pg 5). A product of ancient aristocracy, Plato descended from Codrus, a king of Athens, and Solon, a notable improver of the Athenian constitution. In addition to his family’s notoriety in their time, Plato created a famous Academy and produced a remarkable student scholar know as Aristotle. In the modern world, his ideas are credited as the foundation for widely held philosophical beliefs and political theory....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Soul, Socrates]

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The Trail Of Socrates And The Apology Of Plato

- During this essay the trail of Socrates found in the Apology of Plato will be reviewed. What will be looked at during this review is how well Socrates rebuts the charges made against him. We will also talk about if Socrates made the right decision to not escape prison with Crito. Socrates was a very intelligent man; this is why this review is so critical. In Plato’s Apology it seems that overall Socrates did an effective job using the 3 acts of the mind. The three acts of the mind are: Understanding, Judgment, and Reasoning....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Socrates, Corruption]

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Plato 's Theory Of Recollection

- Plato Theory of Recollection suggest that the process of learning is just recalling events that happen before we were born. Plato believes all knowledge we have is immortal therefore the knowledge is always there all we have to do is recall that knowledge. This views of Plato could be considerably true due to the vast amounts of knowledge are brains are able to retain. If all those memories pre-existed then our brains could have infinite potential. Since our soul is believe to be non-physical meaning it cannot die then ones our body dies our soul will still continue to live on with all the information we have learned in that life time....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Immortality, Socrates]

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Analysis Of Plato 's ' The Odyssey '

- The Odyssey’s wisdom focuses on experiences with the world and learning from both your own mistakes and the mistakes of others. Plato Republic’s wisdom focus on using philosophy to answer the five basic questions and finally trying to understand the world and the beings that live in it. These five basic questions can be asked for any subject and also lead to gaining knowledge and wisdom. These points are the differences of what wisdom means for both of the works. To understand why Socrates and other philosophers say that wisdom can only be acquired through philosophy, philosophy must first be defined and its connection to wisdom must be evaluated....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Knowledge, Homer]

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The Apology Of Plato 's Apology

- Many people have gone through their lives conforming their beliefs and practices for the sake of fitting in or for the happiness of others, but Socrates was not one of these people. In “The Apology” Plato shows Socrates unwillingness to conform through a speech given by Socrates while on trial for supposedly corrupting the youth of Athens and believing in false gods. Although the title of the dialogue was labeled “The Apology,” Socrates’ speech was anything but that, it was a defense of himself and his content along his philosophical journey....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Socrates, God]

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Summary Of ' Crito ' By Plato

- Crito is the third out of four dialogues of the last days and trial of a well-known philosopher named Socrates, who never wrote or recorded his beliefs and is only known through the works of Plato, Xenophon, and Aristophanes. Socrates is known for living a simple life; of not being very wealthy or owning many possessions. He is also known to be a gadfly, literally meaning a horsefly, meaning he pesters the citizens of Athens in his mission of seeking the truth. Socrates’ most famous student, Plato, an Athenian aristocrat who founded The Academy and teacher of Aristotle, is the author of the Crito....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Dialectic, Philosophy]

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Analysis Of ' The Republic Of Plato '

- In, Book II of “The Republic of Plato” Socrates affirms there to be a true distinction between lies “to the soul” and lies “in speech.” As Socrates engages with Adeiamantus, his observation comes to fruition. Lies in the soul is the worst type of sorrow a man can feel comparable to other lying told or story telling. The purpose of this paper is to establish the difference between lies of the soul and lies in speech, why that separation is justified to be true, observe how lies in speech are effective in use, and illustrate these examples with an earlier discussion Socrates had with previous men, such as Cephalus in Book I....   [tags: Plato, Soul, Lie, Justice]

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Plato's Allegory of the Cave

- Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” is the most significant and influential analogy in his book, The Republic. This thorough analogy covers many of the images Plato uses as tools throughout The Republic to show why the four virtues, also known as forms, are what create good. The “Allegory of the Cave”, however, is not one of the simplest representations used by Plato. Foremost, to comprehend these images such as the “divided line” or Plato’s forms, one must be able to understand this allegory and all of its metaphors behind it....   [tags: Plato's Theories, Human Life]

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Socrates And Plato 's Philosophy

- “Love is difficult to define, and there maybe different definitions. But one definition of love, is an utter, absolute, and unqualified wish for the other’s happiness” (). One of the most important Greek philosophers in Western history, Socrates contributed to many theories, and impacted the field of ethics throughout his life. He was well known in Athens for his knowledge and teachings to the youth. He was the creator of Socratic irony and the Socratic method, both used to convey his lessons to the Athenians....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Philosophy, Symposium]

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The Apology By Greek Philosopher Plato

- There are several main argument in The Apology by Greek Philosopher Plato, such as Socrates were that he argues the physical over metaphysical, he argued the weaker claim over the stronger claim, he went against the gods, and he was corrupting the youth. These are the allegations brought against Socrates amid his trail. But Socrates dependability presents drearily ordered number of cases to give legitimate and sound contentions to demonstrate that he is guiltless of the energizes conveyed against him to the court....   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Socrates, Philosophy]

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The Republic Of Plato : A Life Of Justice

- In this essay, I argue that it is better to lead a life of justice than a life of injustice. In The Republic of Plato, Socrates sets out to determine what justice is. He and a group of his peers discuss justice, its core tenants, and what it means to lead a just life. Socrates is then accosted by three of his peers. Their argument is that the man who leads a life of injustice will be happier, make more profits, and succeed in life more than the man who is just. Socrates argues each of these claims until his peers admit that they have been bested by his logic....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Justice, Ethics]

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Comparing Plato 's ' Crito '

- There are multiple ways to interpret Plato’s Crito. Depending on the interpretation, there may arise an inconsistency. If it’s read as though Socrates and the Laws are two separate entities, there is no inconsistency. Once again the apparent inconsistency is either Socrates will disobey the court if they order him to stop practicing philosophy (29d) or Socrates believes that everyone (including Socrates) must follow the law/obey the court (50a-52e). Socrates cannot possibly believe both so there is either an inconsistency or the contradiction is just verbal....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Appeal, Philosophy]

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Plato 's Allegory Of The Cave

- In life the more we understand a certain topic the better prepared we will be to handle it when it comes our way. It doesn’t matter if it is Math or Philosophy the knowledge we acquire through education about subjects will be used to our advantage. Knowing and understanding philosophy is because it gives us an upper hand when it comes to life. In Plato’s Allegory of the Cave he depicts a world in which people who lack knowledge are trapped inside a cave where all they know is what they can see through the shadows that creep into the caves....   [tags: Logic, Argument, Philosophy, Plato]

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Plato 's Criticisms Of Democracy

- Plato states that as the just city (i.e. an aristocratic society) develops, it will inadvertently fall into depravity, because despite the excellent constitutions of its wise leaders, they are still fallible human beings. He outlines four distinct forms of government—of which he considers to be depraved—that the just city will transform into, with each one being worse than its predecessors. The four systems, which are ordered by their appearances in the line of succession, are: timocracy, oligarchy, democracy and finally tyranny....   [tags: Democracy, Oligarchy, Plato, Aristocracy]

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Plato 's Theory Of The Soul

- In book 4 of the Republic, Plato establishes, through the voice of Socrates, his theory of the soul and how it encourages a person to act in a just manner as a just person will always be better off. Plato contests that there are at least three clearly defined and separate parts of the soul. The three parts consist of desire, reason, and spirit. Each of these aspects of the souls has a function and a virtue, and it is when theses three parts act in harmony that a person behaves in a just manner. This assertion is in response to Glaucon, who claims that acting justly is only to one’s benefit if one is recognized for one’s just actions, and therefore there is no inherent value to the individual...   [tags: Soul, Plato, Ethics, Morality]

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Socrates And The Republic By Plato

- I am going to attempt to show that although the argument that Socrates makes in The Republic by Plato is valid, it is not sound. I am going to explain his argument and challenge a premise that he has made to support his argument. First, I want to discuss some terms Socrates uses and how he defines them. Socrates defines the function of something as what only it can do or what it does better than anything else. For example, the function of a screwdriver would be to screw and/or unscrew. A screwdriver may now be the only thing that can screw or unscrew but it can better than anything else....   [tags: Justice, Ethics, Soul, Plato]

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Socrates And Plato 's Philosophy

- Socrates and Plato had a very distinct view on the human life and what constitutes a living of a “good life”-a life that would allow man access to the forms. Socrates was Plato’s teacher, and throughout much of Plato’s works, Socrates is the main character, who is ultimately the mouthpiece to express Plato’s ideas about life. These ideas were centralized around the idea of an immortal soul and one’s location of critical thinking and reasoning. Socrates and Plato believed that the soul was the home to reasoning and the body was a mere obstacle that hindered the pursuit of true knowledge....   [tags: Soul, Plato, Immortality, Socrates]

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Plato Vs. Aristotle On Art

- Is some art “better” than added art and, if so, by what standard. Is there moral and abandoned art, to the point that some art should be banned. Both Plato and Aristotle affected that art would be either acceptable or bad, depending on whether it led anyone adjoin or abroad from rational truth. In accepted Plato assured that art was bad because it led you abroad from the accuracy and played on your emotions. By adverse Aristotle anticipation art was acceptable because it led you adjoin truth. For Plato, art was bad because it was a archetype of a archetype of a copy....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Truth, Art]

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Plato 's Theory Of Recollection

- In this paper I’ll discuss Plato’s theory of recollection in a close reading of the Phaedo. The theory of recollection (ToR) accepts the following premises: 1. We come into being with knowledge. 2. We must’ve learned this knowledge before birth. 3. Therefore, the soul is immortal (Phaedo 73a). In the forthcoming paragraphs, I’ll clarify exactly what we recollect and what constitutes as a cognitive act as being an act of recollection. Additionally, I’ll present two different interpretations, K and D, on the theory of recollection and argue for D while offering an error theory for K....   [tags: Truth, Plato, Knowledge, Platonism]

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Plato 's Ideas On Democracy

- When considering Plato’s ideas on democracy I find that his idea of a Philosopher being the Ideal leader to be practical. His main concepts of why this is most fitting are: “They devote themselves to the study and apprehension of eternal and unchanging "being"; "reality". The idea that the Philosopher would make the best ruler for a society, because they aspire towards something transcendent and uncorrupt or unchangeable” These character traits that a Philosopher would have could make all the difference in how democracy is ran in a country....   [tags: Ethics, Plato, Happiness, Aristotle]

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Socrates And Plato 's Euthyphro

- Socrates was a great Philosopher and thinker who were able to take his knowledge to greater heights from Ancient Athens. Due to Socrates great thinking and open-mindedness he was accused by many but persecuted with two charges, which were brought against him. In Plato’s Euthyphro, Socrates challenged Euthyphro for a solid definition of ‘what is piety’. In Apology Plato goes on to state the charges which had been set against Socrates, but while doing so Plato juggles the readers mind whether Socrates was guilty of any of these charges....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Euthyphro, Crito]

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The Apology Of Socrates By Plato

- In Plato 's “The Apology of Socrates”, Socrates is charged with not accepting the gods recognized by the state, devising new gods, and corrupting the youth of Athens. However, the word "apology" in the title is not our modern understanding of the word. The name of the speech stems from the Greek word "apologia," which translates as a speech made in defense. Thus, “The Apology of Socrates” is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he defends himself, not apologizes. (The Apology) (SparkNotes Editors) He begins his defense by saying that his prosecutors are dishonest, and that he will prove it....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Delphi, Apology]

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Is The Alcibiades, Written By Plato

- When everyone goes left, the philosopher goes right. When everyone is writing the, philosopher has his head in the clouds. This is what the philosopher is according to my grandmother. The philosopher may have insights, but none of them will even remotely close to pragmatic. Philosophy often thought of as the Latin of languages, interesting but no longer has a useful value unless you’re going trying to major in something specific such as law. What does it mean to philosophies and what values does philosophy still have in modern society....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Question, Philosophy]

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The Apology Of Socrates By Plato

- In The Apology of Socrates by Plato, Socrates presents to a jury the defense of his way of life. One of the strongest argument Socrates gives for his defense, relies on that of the Oracle who says “no one is wiser than Socrates” (Apology 21a). Since Socrates recognizes his ignorance and takes it upon himself to find someone wiser than him; this makes him the wisest man. In this essay, I will argue that his argument is valid because those who claimed to be wise, are truly ignorant in the eyes of the gods....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Fear, Argument]

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Plato 's Theory Of Recollection

- Is Plato’s Theory of Recollection a plausible solution to Meno’s Paradox of Knowledge. The general topic is Plato’s theory of recollection. Is Plato’s Theory of Recollection the plausible solution to Meno’s Paradox of Knowledge. Throughout many of his dialogues Plato often concludes that we cannot know something through our senses. He often concludes that we became acquainted with our knowledge in a previous existence. In Meno, Socrates states that, “As the soul is immortal, has been born often, and has seen all things here and in the underworld, there is nothing which it has not learned; so it is in no way surprising that it can recollect the things it knew before…” In many of Plato’s wo...   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Soul, Phaedo]

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Aristophanes And Plato 's Apology

- Most of the time, we assume that two different authors have a similar idea of the same thing, but sometimes, the two interpretations can widely vary. The philosopher, as described in both Aristophanes’ Clouds and Plato’s Apology, has certain traits that both authors agree with: they consider philosophers to be thoughtful and curious but not well liked among the people. However, they disagree as to the effect the philosopher has on society. Aristophanes believes that the philosopher is creating unrest in a society that was in good shape beforehand, while Socrates, being a philosopher, sees himself as a key component in the development of Athens....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Philosophy, Aristophanes]

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The Between Plato And Hobbes

- “ They say that to do injustice is, by nature, good; to suffer the injustice, evil; but that the evil is greater than good”- Glaucon. Between Plato and Hobbes they have very different views on how justice and unjust can be served. Plato disagrees with what Glaucon has said about it but does say how it has reason. Hobbes refer to the justice as laws within the human nature and life. I will be showing the contrast between Plato and Hobbes views that are against or for Glaucon. Plato is able to refute the claim that made by Glaucon because he views justice as a political body instead of Glaucon views on it....   [tags: Plato, Virtue, Justice, Philosophy]

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Comparing Plato 's The Symposium

- Plato’s The Symposium creates an atmosphere that attempts to justify love in a way that excludes women in order to substantiate Plato’s belief that men are more intellectually capable than women. The constant explanation and praise of love among men not only illustrates Plato’s view that males are superior, but it also reveals his reverence for relationships between men as opposed to relationships between men and women. In addition, while the Symposium focuses on a sense of love that yearns to find completion, it also uses Aristophanes to explain that regardless of the gender of an individual, each person seeks to find completion in their own sense, however, Plato maintains a strong point o...   [tags: Gender, Female, Socrates, Plato]

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Comparing Plato 's The Republic

- In Plato’s The Republic, Socrates described the just city- what shall take place in this city, who shall live there and their social hierarchy, among other topics. At the top of the just city’s aforementioned hierarchy is the ruling class. By the end of book V Plato has established that the only appropriate ruler for the just city is a philosopher. Plato offers various arguments to support his claim, with his main arguments revolving around the nature of the philosopher and their expansive knowledge of the world around them and the nature of the just city that he has created....   [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Logic, Epistemology]

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Plato 's Theory Of Forms

- Plato’s Theory of Forms Plato’s Phaedo follows the last hours of philosopher Socrates’ life before his impending execution. Socrates’ followers visit him in jail to try and glean a few last pieces of knowledge from their beloved teacher. The crux of their discussion deals with the question: What happens to souls after death. Socrates attempts to answer the age-old question for his pupils before he finds out firsthand. In his answer, Socrates argues that the soul is immortal and to support this assertion, the philosopher presents four arguments to his listeners: the Argument from Opposites, the Argument from Affinity, the Theory of Recollection, and the Theory of Forms....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Soul, Immortality]

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Plato's Criticism of Democracy

- Plato's Criticism of Democracy Do not be angry with me for speaking the truth; no man will survive who genuinely opposes you or any other crowd and prevents the occurrence of many unjust and illegal happenings in the city. A man who really fights for justice must lead a private, not a public, life if he is to survive for even a short time. (Apology 31e-32a) These are the words of Socrates, who spoke before the Athenian jury in the trial that would, ultimately, condemn him to his death. Through works such as the Apology and The Republic, we can see Plato’s distaste of the concept of democracy....   [tags: Plato]

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Evaluation Of Plato 's Success

- As promised previously, I will now assess Plato’s success in his responses to the three difficulties. Books III and IV provide a response to the first difficulty: most people believe the origin of justice to be that doing an injustice is naturally good but to suffer injustice is bad, making it a fictional compromise. Foremost, Plato states that they ought to consider justice on a large scale before a smaller one because this will provide a clearer understanding for their “unclever”’ minds. He then states that since there is both justice in a city and in a single man, perhaps there is more justice in the large thing and it will be easier to learn what it is on this larger scale....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Soul, Virtue]

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Plato 's Views On Love

- A feeling that cannot be defined, an emotion that can only be expressed, and a word that is used in everyday life, is what we know as love. Throughout history, there have been many different opinions and interpretations of love. When a person is asked, “what is love?" many people find the answer more difficult to explain than they initially thought. The book Symposium describes love as, "the motivating force in all of us" (Page 11). The book also explains that Plato analyzes many kinds of love and one of those kinds of love may now be considered what one would call "Christian love." Christianity is a large influence on love today, particularly the fact that the Bible says God 's love is un...   [tags: Love, Human, Plato, Romance]

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Socrates, Plato, And The Nature Of Justice

- Socrates, Plato, and the Nature of Justice Justice is generally regarded as an important virtue. It is seen as the hallmark of a truly free and fair society, as well as one with a good sense of morality. The average person might see justice as a state where crime is not prevalent, and where individuals are fair and understanding towards one another. However, in order to reach a working definition for justice, one must consider its value and understand the components that make up a greater virtue....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Cardinal virtues, Justice]

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Plato’s View of Division of Labor in Plato’s Republic

- Plato’s view of division of labour is divided into three types of peoples’ task in life which are workers as farmers, military type and guardians. Actually, the ruling task of Plato’s Republic is the guardian’s responsible who had achieved the greatest wisdom or knowledge of good. Due to that, Plato claims that “philosopher must become kings or those now who called kings must genuinely and adequately philosophise’’ (Nussbaum1998, p.18). However, people argue about the reasons that the philosopher should rule the city, while the philosophers prefer to gain knowledge instead of power, thus they don’t seek this authority....   [tags: Plato, Divisions of Labor, Plato’s Republic, Repub]

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The Realm Of Pedagogy, By Plato And Aristotle

- In the realm of pedagogy, there has been a “battle for the mind” that has existed among philosophers and educators dating back to the time of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. The introduction in our textbook Philosophical Documents in Education briefly explores various views that have struggled to definitively define what education is and it should be utilized by society. The qualifications of an educated person(s) have been debated about for generations, and the battle can largely be summed up as a “conflict between those who wish to indoctrinate humankind to do the right thing and those seeking to educate human beings to think for themselves” (18)....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Socrates, Scientific method]

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The Philosophy Of Plato 's Meno

- In our current time the term Virtue is defined as “behavior showing high moral standards”. Knowing that we can pull out a dictionary or google the term is much easier than others had trying to define this word. Looking up the definition is something we can do, but to figure it out to an exact point was a challenge. This challenge took place many years ago in Athens. Plato was a philosopher and mathematician in classical Greece, and was a founder of the Academy of Athens, which promoted learning at a higher level in the western world....   [tags: Virtue, Plato, Question, Socratic method]

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Similarities Between Plato And Aristotle

- Keleah Johnson Dr. Greto PY 317 October 10, 2014 Compare and Contrast Many philosophers are well known for their stances or beliefs. One of the most well-known philosophers are Plato and Aristotle. Plato once being a pupil himself of Socrates found himself being a teacher to Aristotle. This is why both Plato and Aristotle cover most of the same issue topics and have direct contrasts on topics as well as similarities. Most of Plato and Aristotle comparisons can be found in their forms of “Problems of the universals” and Realism verse Idealism....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Psychology, Platonic realism]

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The Death Of Plato And Aristotle

- One day you are walking down the street on your way to the bus stop when you see something that catches your eye. An elderly woman makes eye contact with you that sends a chill down your spine, and you then notice a stranger following closely behind her. Your first reaction is to either ignore it, step in, or call the police. But, you know if you were to ignore your instincts it would weigh on your mind for the rest of the day. On the other hand, if you step in or call the police you may be perceived as being presumptuous....   [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Acts of the Apostles, Plato]

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Plato And The Old Oligarch

- Although democracy was meant for the good of the people, some criticized it as it did not really cover the interests of everyone. Plato and the Old Oligarch were some of the major critics of democracy, both Plato and the Old Oligarch saw democracy as unstable and detrimental to society. Plato goes on to provide his solution to democracy, Plato sought to replace democracy with a philosopher king. Aristotle on the other hand, doesn’t completely dismiss democracy, instead, Aristotle insists that a democracy or oligarchy be put into place with the majority of the body being middle class....   [tags: Plato, Democracy, Oligarchy, Political philosophy]

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The Republic Of Plato By Allan Bloom

- In society we have laws in order to keep order and safety for citizens. The rulers set these laws for the common people to obey. In book I of “The Republic of Plato” by Allan Bloom, the meaning of justice is debated in book I and II. Thrasymachus ' definition of justice is challenged by the different views of the characters in the book. This in fact, claims to question whether justice is always the better path to decision making, morality and educating individuals. The book acknowledges various interpretations of justice....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Meaning of life, Human]

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Plato 's Theory Of Justice

- In Plato’s Republic, the main argument is dedicated to answering Glaucon and Adeimantus, who question the reason for just behavior. They argue it is against one’s self-interest to be just, but Plato believes the behavior is in fact in one’s self-interest because justice is inherently good. Plato tries to prove this through his depiction of an ideal city, which he builds from the ground up, and ultimately concludes that justice requires the philosopher to perform the task of ruling. Since the overall argument is that justice pays, it follows that it would be in the philosopher’s self-interest to rule – however, Plato also states that whenever people with political power believe they benefit f...   [tags: Plato, Justice, Philosophy, Political philosophy]

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The Ring Of Gyges By Plato

- The story of the ring of Gyges comes from a small section in book two of Plato’s The Republic, in which we are shown that most people are just only unwillingly. The “Ring of Gyges” is a story that is written by Plato to enforce the reader to be able to evaluate his or her own sense of morality. It was originally produced to be a response to the dialogue between Socrates and Thrasymachus, in which he stated that justice is in the interest of the stronger, or might, is right. Glaucon was not satisfied with the explanation given by Socrates, as he believed that no man is so virtuous that he can be able to resist the temptation of being able to do as he pleases due to the power of the invisibili...   [tags: Plato, Justice, Ring of Gyges, Law]

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