Crito also feel life in itself is of absolute value. He uses these points in favor of his argument: Escape was easy to manage and would not put his friends in danger. If he refused Socrates friends’ reputations would be tarnished for not aiding their friend . To refuse would be a shameful display of cowardice. Socrates would be neglecting his duties to his wife and children.
The person who speaks the truth and lives a just life is someone we should strive to be rather than someone who tries to get off an accusation by going off from the investigation or lying. What Socrates is trying to point out here is that we should not be afraid to die if we are moral people. If we have wisdom, we are able to live a just life and should not fear when we die. Also, Socrates would say that it is harder to escape death than wickedness. This is by prolonging our time here on earth in the physical sense, but Socrates would argue that our soul would continue on and would never die.
Socrates, although sentenced to death, can have no evil occur to him because he is a good man protected by the gods. Socrates' idea that a good ma... ... middle of paper ... ...ape, Socrates produces another excuse to be sentenced to death. Plato's The Apology serves as a way to examine ourselves and promotes us to question in the pursuit of enhancing our lives. To harm others is worse than to be harmed ourselves, damaging our souls verses damaging our physical beings. In order to live a good life, it is important that we reflect on our lives to avoid a life of ignorance.
Many people seem to fear death, but philosophers such as Socrates and Epicurus would argue that one has no reason to fear it. Socrates sees death as a blessing to be wished for if death is either nothingness or a relocation of the soul, whereas Epicurus argues that one shouldn't worry themselves about death since, once we are gone, death is annihilation which is neither good nor bad. Epicurus believes that death itself is a total lack of perception, wherein there is no pleasure or pain. I agree with Epicurus because Socrates doesn't give a sound argument for death as a blessing, whereas Epicurus' argument is cogent. I would also argue personally that death is not something to be feared because, like Epicurus, I see no sufficient evidence showing we even exist after death.
Are Socrates Arguments Sound? Socrates believes one cannot fear what one does not know. He believes since no one has an absolute knowledge of what follows death in the natural world, man should not fear death. He has several arguments to back this up. In this paper I will look at two of his arguments and conclude that his arguments are unsound due to the fact that opinions are not truths.
Arguing that death is bad precisely because it deprives a person of good experiences which one could not possibly experience when deceased. In paragraph one of this essay, it expands on the epicurean argument for death not being a calamity for the one passing away. The second paragraph will look at the with this view and lastly paragraph three will consider the objective argument of Thomas Nagel and Fred Feldman. Epicureans argument The question of whether death is bad for the individual passing away, was first introduced by the Greek philosopher, Epicurus. He concluded that death should not be feared as ‘where death is, I am not; where I am, death is not’.
The questions on the test and job application is unknown just as what lies after death is unknown. However, a student or applicant who find it rational to fear death most definitely would be the one that had not prepared for it. He/she did not study the contents or have the experience and research needed to past that test or job interview. It is just like in life in which a person is told what is morally right and what is morally wrong, if the person chooses to live a life of evil and all that is bad. In that scenario, why wouldn 't the person be feared of death ?
Socrates states, “death may not in fact prove the greatest of all blessings for mankind; but people fear it as if they knew it for certain to be the greatest of evil”. I agree with Socrates that we don’t know what death is, and it is possible for death to be a good thing. There is not a definite answer to what death feels like or what happens after you die. Even when we ask people about death, we are going to get infinite ideas about death. If we do not know about death then why fear something we do not know.
What he meant was being dead. If the metaphysical insinuation that one does not exist after death and there is nothing beyond death is accepted, then his argument is sound. Epicurus claims that one should not fear death because “Death, the most frightening of bad things, is nothing to us; since when we exist death is not yet present, and when death is present, then we do not exist” (Letter to Menoeceus, 125). Death might be alarming to an individual because they do not know what to expect, or fear that they will not meet expectations. Epicurus states that when one dies, they no longer exist.
When we are dead we are not afraid, for it is a state of unconsciousness and the end to any and all sensation, therefore there is neither pleasure nor pain. He explains that we fear death because we incorrectly assume that there is awareness during death. Epicurus logically explains, “Since when we exist, death is not yet present, and when death is present, then we do not exist” (29). When addressing a sen... ... middle of paper ... ...dressed when mentioning the nature of death. If sacrificing one’s own morals and inherent nature is Epicurus’ and Epictetus’ route to achieving ataraxia it is not worth it, nor is it possible.