Plato held that the greatest regime, the system that would be best for the whole, was the aristocracy; throughout much of the Republic, Plato describes the intricacies of such a political system and constitution. According to Plato, an aristocracy is a political system ruled by few; the greatest of the aristocracies is ruled by philosopher-kings. Plato acknowledges that obtaining philosopher-kings for an aristoc... ... middle of paper ... ... effected” (NE VIII.10, 1160b). Similarly, Plato fails to recognize the process by which a greater political system may degenerate and bypass the order he has presented. The organization of Plato’s regimes has been observed to be linear in nature; the greatest regime, according to Plato, was an aristocracy and as it degenerated, it became the other regimes.
The term democracy comes from the Greek language and means "rule by the people"(Democracy Building 2012). The democracy in Athens represents the precursors of modern day democracies. Like our modern democracy, the Athenian democracy was created as a reaction to a concentration and abuse of power by the rulers. Philosophers defined the essential elements of democracy as a separation of powers, basic civil rights, human rights, religious liberty and separation of church and state. The most current definition of a democracy is defined as a “government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.”(Dictionary.com).
In order to be a good citizen, one must be independent and rely on themselves for decision-making, support, and carrying out justice. Although this is a radical claim, it rings true for ours and many other modern societies. Men are all too willing to submit without thought or consideration, and their actions are feebly and half-hearted. Men are no longer men. Thoreau's words are words that should be held close in the hearts of everyone, because as long as there are governments, there are men who need to hear them.
On the other hand, the thought that all men solve their problems with battle-like behavior is a falsity. I also believe that this thought perceives men unequally. Lastly the thought that we should not argue, does not make much sense to me. I believe to maintain a good society, we should avoid arguments that are not needed, but when it comes to major things that affect the lives of many, it should be argued over. His ideas, of the many, made a major impact on the world.
With logical reason he always resolved that even with his good intentions, man would inevitably succumb to his power. In another excerpt from his book, we see Michael Curtis finding a conclusive foundation for Plato's philosophies: "Certainly, Plato was pessimistic in his view of the inevitable, progressive deterioration of government from the starting point of timocracy until the final form of tyranny"(The Great Political Theories: Vol. I). Even though Plato sees the need for political leaders, and recognizes their invaluable function in society, he acknowledges that man indeed becomes pixilated with his power, using it in audacious measures. But, as history proves over and over again, law will continue to evolve with the future of man.
In Ancient Greece before the Persian Wars, there were three forms of governments: Oligarchy, tyranny, and monarchy. Oligarchy is a form of government where a few wealthy people govern over all the others. Monarchy is a form of government where a king or queen rules by inheriting that particular title. Finally tyranny is where a tyrant like modern dictators rule over people illegitimately. Two of these three types of governments are well explained in Sophocles’ The Oedipus Cycle.
From the early stages of civilization men created a form of government to help bring order to society. One of the greatest philosophers Thomas Hobbes believed that men left in their natural state is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short; however, for men to obtain peace they must renounce their freedom to a form of government to gain freedom. (Hobbes, 1865 ) The government has shaped many civilizations, and brought many changes to each new civilization. Throughout history one can observe many forms of government, some government systems brought peace and prosperity to the states while others brought destruction, war, and famine which can be seen in Ancient Greek and Rome. The question then arises, what there a perfect form of government?
He also says that when there is community property, more arguments and fights ensue compared to when private property is owned4. Another idea that Aristotle disagrees with is the pursuit of excessive unity of the common state. He believes that true unity can only be achieved by sharing education within the community5. Aristotle also believed in the collective wisdom of assembly (Hitz). In this idea, he proposes that instead of one person making the decisions for ... ... middle of paper ... ...stotle offers many other reasons as to why men are superior.
The man once said, “Rich people without wisdom and learning are but sheep with golden fleeces.” Solon blatantly said that rich people without education are just useless, with money. With this quote, Solon cancelled most of the debts and freed the Athenians who had been enslaved, but refused to redistribute property or deprive the aristocracy of most political power. This allowed both, the debt-struck citizens, and the powerful landlords to be content with the situation. As Solon helped the people, he was fundamentally aristocratic. When Solon ent... ... middle of paper ... ...eb.
The term democracy comes from the Greek language and means "rule by the people. "(Democracy Building 2012) The democracy in Athens represents the events leading up to modern day democracies. Like our modern democracy, the Athenian democracy was created as a reaction to a concentration and abuse of power by the rulers. Philosophers defined the essential elements of democracy as a separation of powers, basic civil rights, human rights, religious liberty and separation of church and state. The most current definition of a democracy is defined as a “government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.”(Dictionary.com).