Martin Luther was a German priest who rebelled against authorities of the Roman Catholic Church and initiated the start of the reformation. He rejected some of the traditional practices although he believed that the church was essential to the Christian doctrine. He was very big on communion with God. He believed that people of God were a part of a community of belief and being honest and just in that community made you equally seen to God. Through and in the church we receive sacraments that give us the Word of God. Luther felt that for a sacrament to be true, it had to come from Christ and be a sign of the promise of the gospel. He concluded that baptism and communion were the only two sacraments (Gonzalez, pg. 53)
For Luther, baptism was a sign of one’s death and resurrection with Christ. To complete this act one has to possess the gift of faith from God. With this faith you are a believer and baptized to become a member of the body of Christ. This baptism begins a person’s life as a Christian and lasts a life time. A person could be possibly more able to resist the devil because of the strength of God in the baptism. Luther disagreed with infant baptism because he that you couldn’t just be born into a religion.
Luther’s belief of the bread and the wine involved in the receiving of communion was seen as consub...
... middle of paper ...
GonzaÌlez, J. L. (1984). Luther's Theology, Ullrich Zwingli and the Swiss Reformation, John Calvin . The story of Christianity (pp. 47-56, 57-65, 77-86). San Francisco: Harper & Row.
Lusk, R. (n.d.). Theologia Â» Calvin on Baptism, Penance, & Absolution. House of Horne. Retrieved February 18, 2011, from http://www.hornes.org/theologia/rich-lusk/calvin-on-baptism-penance-absolution
Mason, M. W. (n.d.). Calvin on the Lord's Supper. The Theologian. Retrieved February 18, 2011, from http://www.theologian.org.uk/doctrine/calvinonthelordssupper.html
Placher, W. C. (1988). Council of Trent. Readings in the history of Christian theology (pp. 43-47). Philadelphia, Pa.: Westminster Press.
Waterworth, J. (n.d.). CT13. History Department, Hanover College. Retrieved February 18, 2011, from http://history.hanover.edu/texts/trent/ct13.html
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- For me I find myself drawn to the reformed tradition of theology. Having had the opportunity to truly explore both the Wesleyan and Reformed tradition, I find nothing to sway me from my upbringing in the church and theology. It is my belief, “that the unregenerate (unsaved) man is dead in his sins (Romans 5:12)” (Barlow). As such, is unable to come to a full knowledge and understanding of God without God’s intervention. God chose those whom he was pleased to bring to a knowledge of himself. It is His unconditional election that allows man to gain insight and understanding of all that God is.... [tags: God, Theology, Monotheism]
1064 words (3 pages)
- In every society, there is a social ladder, and at the bottom of every ladder or totem pole is the poor. As I interpret Liberation Theology, is a belief system constructed for and around the poor, including the poor who were suffering within the Roman Catholic religion. If we take a look at the word liberation, it literally means the act of gaining (or trying to gain) rights for the oppressed (or poor) and poverty stricken. So Liberation Theology refers to the poor and the relationship they share with trying to find religious freedoms, rights, and social justice from those who oppose of them.... [tags: Protestant Reformation, Catholic Church]
1908 words (5.5 pages)
- 1 Proposed title Is anti–fundamentalism the fundamentalism of the anti-fundamentalists. 2 Background This study is, in the first place, not a study about the object of fundamentalism, the fundamentalist, but rather about the subject, the anti-fundamentalist – about the accuser rather than the accused, about the prosecution not the defence. I use the word ‘anti-fundamentalist’ instead of ‘non-fundamentalist’’ to make a distinction between those who publically oppose fundamentalists and those who can not be classed as fundamentalist.... [tags: Theology ]
1923 words (5.5 pages)
- In 1536 a man by the name of John Calvin authored a book titled, “Institutes of the Christian Religion.” In this incredibly detailed theological work, Calvin outlines and defines the doctrines and systematic theology of the Protestant faith. Prior to the release of Calvin’s book, there were little to no reformation movements that were operating on a large scale in the nation of France. But as the impact of Calvin’s work began to grow, there became a growing mass of followers interested in the biblical framework Calvin highlighted.... [tags: Protestant Reformation, Protestantism]
1477 words (4.2 pages)
- As the editor and contributing author, Miller et al. (1995) divided Theologies in religious education, into three parts, an entire 13 chapters. Although, “ethics does not necessarily require religious grounding” (MacKinnon, 2012, p. 4) each author’s scholarship reads as a qualitative research study, in some form, the study also aligned with philosophical ethics—divine command theory or the prescribed natural law, to include significant references to ethical terminology as right, good, ought, and virtuous.... [tags: Christian education, church, theology]
1805 words (5.2 pages)
- Introduction Sacraments are the means, which Christians partake in the mystery of Christ through symbolic actions. Alister E. McGrath described the Sacraments as “Outward signs of the visible grace of God”. Consequently, since the beginning of Christianity, Christians have practiced many different sacraments. However, Western theologians limited the sacraments to include the ones that Christ instituted. As a result, the Sacrament of Baptism, Confirmation, the Eucharist, Penance, Extreme Unction, Orders and Matrimony became traditional in the West.... [tags: Eucharist, Catholic Church, Christian terms]
1717 words (4.9 pages)
- The modern period begin in c.1750 to the present. During this period, the Christian religion was on the rise from the western culture to the global context (McGrath 2011 p.66). An example of this includes theologian Martin Luther who had reformed the Protestant denomination and Johnathan Edwards (1703-58) his work immigrated to America and Italy from Ireland which led to the Catholic theology becoming significant (McGrath 2011 p.66). Those who immigrated out of Europe and United States of America to Australia, India as well as the far-east education was a key area where Christianity had spread the word to.... [tags: Christianity, Theology, Gender, Christian theology]
746 words (2.1 pages)
- Biography of J. Gresham Machen John Gresham Machen was born in Baltimore, Maryland on July 28th 1881 to parents Arthur Webster and Mary Hones Gresham. From an early age Machen was taught lessons of the bible and of Jesus. His family attended a Presbyterian church called Franklyn Street Presbyterian. (Wikipedia) Machen's father was a lawyer and therefore Machen was considered to be brought up in a rather privileged home. He attendee a private college where he was educated in classics such a Greek and Latin.... [tags: Biography Theology Religion Machen]
1823 words (5.2 pages)
- INTRODUCTION Throughout church history, John Calvin has been considered to be one of the greatest reformed theologians the world has ever seen. He is known for his view on God’s election and salvation. Known as Calvin’s challenger throughout all theological history, Jacob Arminius taught a different view of election, commonly coined as Arminianism. After Calvinism had taken grab of the reformed circles, Arminianism rose consequently after. Jacob Arminius had a hard time dealing with many issues that Calvin had put forward in his argument for God’s grace ad election.... [tags: Christian Theology]
1607 words (4.6 pages)
- Calvinism is the theological system of John Calvin who exerted international influence on the development of the doctrine of the Protestant Reformation (Warfield, 2004). Calvin and his followers marked by strong emphasis on the sovereignty of God, the depravity of mankind, and the doctrine of predestination. This system was developed as a biblical Christianity. It has stirred countries such as Switzerland, Germany, France, Spain, England and America. Calvinist theology spread rapidly, and became the basis for many protestant denominations.... [tags: Religion Theology]
1927 words (5.5 pages)