Psychology originated during the 17th century. A French philosopher named Rene Descartes introduced the idea of dualism. This philosopher asserted that the mind and body was two separate entities that interacted to form the human experience. Earlier philosophers relied on methods like observation and logic, while today’s psychologist use scientific methods to study and come to a conclusion about human behavior and their thought process. In 1879 a psychologist named Wilhelm Wundt opened the first psychology lab at University of Leipzig. Wundt viewed psychology as the study of human consciousness and sought to apply experimental methods to studying internal mental process. Wundt work in psychology helped set the stage for future experimental methods. Even though Wundt influence has dwindled over the years, the impact he had on psychology is unquestionable.
Edward B. Titchener founded psychology’s first major school of thought. Titchener was Wundt’s most famous student. Titchener thought that human consciousness could b...
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...han those of Watson. Skinner believed that humans did have a mind and that it would be easier to study the behavior of a human by looking at their actions and consequences, which Skinner called operant conditioning. Skinner is regarded as the father of operant conditioning.
McLeod, S. A. (2007). Skinner - Operant Conditioning. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/operant-conditioning.html
McLeod, S. A. (2008). Independent, Dependent and Extraneous Variables. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/variables.html
McLeod, S. A. (2008). . Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/science-psychology.html
McLeod, S. A. (2007). Pavlov's Dogs. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/pavlov.html
McLeod, S. A. (2008). Classical Conditioning. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/classical-conditioning.html
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