Whether political science falls under the category of “science” is dependent on the definition that is proposed for science, thus it is crucial to analyse its meaning. The study of science is characterised by empirical methods built on common sense, and focuses on existences and observations, as noted by Brodbeck (1953). Moreover, science applies research data and investigations to a theoretical assumption in order prove or disprove its validity, or otherwise to refine and modify the theory. Science consists of descriptive explanation as well as objectivity, and can be distributed, or accumulated into a single grouping. Furthermore, Jackson (1930) argued that scientific methodology follows certain set principles which can be classified as follows;
1) The only reliable basis of knowledge is direct observations, which are objective and completely independent of human prejudices.
2) The factual data collected from observation must be categorised according to their inter-relations, so-called “laws of nature”.
3) These laws, however, are not determinative and ‘must be repeatedly tested by the process of prediction and verification’.
4) Accurate measurements of that w...
... middle of paper ...
...mportant results’ (Pennock, 1951, p. 1081-1082). In returning to the main question, it would initially seem that “political science” cannot be considered as a “science” because the argument that political science is value-neutral appears inconceivable. Nevertheless, “political science” shares most methodological aspects with the method of inquiry as determined by the scientific study. However, Sartori (1974) argued that “science” encompasses not only strict disciplines that have a rigid methodology in order to achieve accurate results, but also studies which are much more flexible. Thus, it may be asserted that while political science does not strictly follow the set of principles of scientific methodology, it should not be dismissed as a “non-science”, as political science does fall under the category of science in the broad sense rather than the physicalist sense.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- There has been a serious debate within academia, as to the validity of Political Science being an actual science. Furthermore, there are opposing viewpoints between political science scholars as to the discipline being a social science or a synthesis of natural and social science. One such academic; Charles Merriam asserts that political science has the characteristics of both sciences, because it adapt the study of human behavior to provide an analysis of political institutions. Political scientists in theory espouse the notion that political science borrows elements from the hard sciences in terms of objectivity to scientific inquiry and how governmental institutions function.... [tags: Validity, Description, Categorization]
863 words (2.5 pages)
- The political system in the United States of America is ruled by a two party system that is currently fighting for control of the economy and government. In the last century the country has been involved in several conflicts including two world wars and the cold war, which permanently instilled fear and terror in the American psyche. After the terrorist attacks of September 11th, the economy was brought to the edge of failure leaving a bi-partisan political system with the attitude that there is either a democratic or republican solution to the many problems Americans face as a nation.... [tags: Political Science]
1354 words (3.9 pages)
- Political philosophy is not a simple set of doctrines or theories; rather it is a way of life. The political philosopher’s life is a constant struggle between the political and the philosophical. He sees the contradictions that exist at all times in both worlds and lives with the questions more so than others. The true political philosopher can never be purely political or purely philosophical. Nevertheless, a political philosophical life is worth living if the proper balance between the political and the philosophical is obtained.... [tags: Political Science]
1613 words (4.6 pages)
- Increased Political Activism among the Nursing staff Nurses are usually the most powerful people on earth, given the fact that they have a remarkable potential to exercise tremendous power both in the societal and political arenas. This power emanates from the great body of healthcare knowledge that they possess and in their large numbers. Contrary to this absolute fact, most nurses do not maximize this policy changing potential that they own. Regrettably, they view political activism not as power tool but as a barrier to the furtherance of their nursing profession.... [tags: Political Science]
1010 words (2.9 pages)
- People’s ideas and assumptions about world politics shape and construct the theories that help explain world conflicts and events. These assumptions can be classified into various known theoretical perspectives; the most dominant is political realism. Political realism is the most common theoretical approach when it is in means of foreign policy and international issues. It is known as “realpolitik” and emphasis that the most important actor in global politics is the state, which pursues self-interests, security, and growing power (Ray and Kaarbo 3).... [tags: Political Science]
2261 words (6.5 pages)
- Hindsight is 20-20 only so long as that particular hindsight comes from an accepted frame of reference. This applies as much to descriptions of historical individuals as it does to any other thing. For their actions while serving as president, FDR and Hoover are described as a liberal and conservative, respectively. The label given to Roosevelt was mostly true, while the moniker used to define Hoover is largely false. The description of a set of beliefs as "liberal" or "conservative" is a task that, in history, has changed in its requirements and protocol.... [tags: Political Science]
958 words (2.7 pages)
- AP Government: Political Culture and Ideology Snapp: Women should be allowed to choose whether they want to abort their unborn child or not. The government should give assistance to women who choose that they do not want a child because they can't support it. If the government didn't help, then many women would be unable to support the unwanted child. Crackle: Well who's going to pay for it. It isn't fair to make people who are responsible for their actions pay for these women's mistakes. People have to learn how to be more responsible for their actions, and can't rely on government to help them out wherever they go wrong.... [tags: Political Science]
952 words (2.7 pages)
- A population’s views on political issues may change as different circumstances occur each day. The environment around us has a powerful influence on the decisions that we produce and the views that we as American citizens choose to hold. After a semester in political science class my views and my political ideology have altered. Today I will explain how political science class has influenced my political ideology. When this class initially began I was sure, without a doubt I was a conservative.... [tags: Political Science Personal Narrative Essays]
1132 words (3.2 pages)
- Science and Literature Science can be an inspiration for literature. Normally we think of science as one kind of human investigation and literature as another, and that the two do not have anything in common, yet in science fiction we have the bringing together of the these two disciplines, either from the perspective of the literary imagination or that of the scientific mind, Fred Hoyle and Michael Crichton, for example. Science examines the nature of the real world and seeks by means of technology and hard logic to gain an understanding of it; it works with evidence.... [tags: Science Fiction Essays]
1492 words (4.3 pages)
- A political institution is a system of politics and government. It is usually compared to the law system, economic system, cultural system, and other social systems. It is different from them, and can be generally defined on a spectrum from left, i.e. communism and socialism to the right, i.e. fascism. Linz’s argument is on the description of Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes, which brings the main and important argument of explaining both Presidential and Parliamentary systems. Another important author whose thoughts were referred to political institutions is Seymour Martin Lipset.... [tags: Government Structure Political Science]
1336 words (3.8 pages)