Summary Of The Social Construction Of Facts And Artifacts

analytical Essay
605 words
605 words

Reading-8 Divya Mehra Roll no. 2013033 “The Social Construction of Facts and Artifacts” is about "integrated social constructivist approach towards the study of science and technology"(pg 399). The author's Pinch and Bijker discuss that even though it has been a practice to separate science and technology, but they are hugely connected because of this they might benefit from each other. The authors discuss about the three main parts of science and technology termed as "Sociology of science", "the science technology relationship" and the "technology studies". Earlier Science was treated as an institution but now, it includes many things like "scientific experiments, "theories" etc. The authors argue that this knowledge should viewed in terms of "socially constructed" and not the one known as "scientific truth". This article points that in the social constructivist view, the 'science' it is just another system of knowledge which contains empirical researches and studies. It is basically concerned with what is "truth", how it has emerged, accepted and explained in social domain. ...

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes pinch and bijker's "the social construction of facts and artifacts" as an integrated social constructivist approach to science and technology.
  • Argues that science should be viewed in terms of "socially constructed" and not the one known as scientific truth.
  • Analyzes how the article shows people's views on science-technology relationship. technological innovators take no account of social and technological content innovation and that technology.
  • Explains that "technology" is necessary but is somehow compared to a "black box".
  • Explains that epor is an approach that demonstrates the social construction of scientific knowledge in hard sciences.
  • Explains that the social construction of technology (scot) is a new field with no well established traditions of research.
  • Describes the three stages of epor, which relate the content of technological artifact to the wider socio-political milieu.
  • Concludes that the sociology of technology isn't developed with respect to knowledge. it's better to include several social groups in the analysis to provide with a better result.

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