Today, probation is the most widely used correctional practices as it allows an offender to avoid incarceration while being required to abide by a set of particular condition while under supervision. However, if an offender violates the terms of their probation, probation may be revoked and a harsher sentence may be imposed (Buddress, 1997). John Augustus, who is known as “The Father of Probation,” introduced the concept of probation originally as a volunteer position (Lindner & Savarese, 1984). Initially a boot-maker, Augustus began the practice of voluntary probation in 1841. Volunteers developed and transformed probation into an accepted practice as they remained active in the courts and provided assistance through both the investigation and supervision processes on an unofficial basis. Augustus initially termed “probation” as he developed a system of selecting and supervising offenders in the criminal courts that he believed could be changed or seen as “reformable” (Lindner & Savarese, 1984). Augustus provided such services to hundreds of individuals, including men, women, and children that had been charged with an array of offenses.
While Augustus introduced the practice of probation in Boston, Massachusetts, a number of volunteers continued to expand the concept of probation to other states and juris...
... middle of paper ...
...offenders have to abide by a set of established conditions and face a harsher sentence if they fail to follow then. When offenders successfully complete their sentence without any parole violations, they are then discharged. Today, research indicates that parole is a favorable approach, however, it is critical to acknowledge that the type of the offense and demographic characteristics may influence parole success (Lowenkamp & Latessa, 2005).
Probation and parole have demonstrated to be effective alternatives to incarceration and help offenders modify their behaviors under supervision within the community. While incarceration increases the likelihood of recidivism, it becomes essential to examine evidenced-based alternative approaches, such as probation and parole, while targeting the offenders’ individual criminogenic needs in order to effectively reduce recidivism.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Past, Present and Future of Probation and Parole In order to study the past, present and future implications of the probation and parole system, I had to study the history of both. I will begin with the history of probation and then talk about the history of parole. I will also talk about how probation and parole work in the present and how and what will happen to both probation and parole in the future. Probation comes from the Latin verb probare which means to prove, to rest. Probation was first introduced to the United States in 1841 when a boot-maker by the name of John Augustus attended court to bail out a drunkard.... [tags: Crime Criminal Jail Probation Parole Essays]
2026 words (5.8 pages)
- Probation is the release of an offender from detention, subject to a period of good behavior under supervision. It is applied to community sentences, alternatives to incarceration, such as suspended sentenced. The court sets probation and Parole. If an offender on probation or parole break any of the rules they must follow, they will be sent to jail. Parole is the release of a prisoner temporarily, for special purpose, or permanently before the completion of a sentence, on the promise of good behavior.... [tags: Parole, Probation officer, Police, Criminal law]
1008 words (2.9 pages)
- What is the purpose of granting probation and parole. Depending on the type of sentence, once an inmate has become eligible they can be granted parole if they have followed the rules of the institution, it does not depreciate the seriousness of the offense, and does not endanger society. The purpose of releasing a convicted felon into society again is relatively obvious, such as allowing the freedom to remain in a community or maintaining contact with family and friends, it also provides the guidance to attend treatment programs, maintain employment, pay restitution, the cost is considerably lower than being incarcerated, but ultimately allowing the offender to become a law-abiding citizen (... [tags: Fourth Amendment to the US Constitution]
1238 words (3.5 pages)
- Working with the South Carolina Department of Probation, Parole and Pardon services I gain an abundant of information on how to be successful in such a career. I also learned many ways in offenders fail to be successful at completing probation overall, whether it be violating general conditions of probation or special conditions of probation. One of the main ways in which I observed many offenders failed at, is being up to date with payments due to restitution owed to the victim, the court, their GPS device, or fees in general.... [tags: Crime, Criminal law, Criminal justice, Law]
1133 words (3.2 pages)
- While in the corrections phase of the criminal justice system, an inmate can be released into society in lieu of serving prison time through means of parole and probation. When an offender is on parole, this means they are released from prison with certain provisions in place for a certain amount of time (“Difference Between Probation and Parole”, n.d.). This type of release is typically given after approval by a parole board. Probation is used to describe an offender who is sentenced to serve prison time, but is instead allowed to serve the time outside confinement with certain conditions in place (“Difference Between Probation and Parole”, n.d.).... [tags: Criminal law, Parole, Criminal justice]
838 words (2.4 pages)
- Certain animals should be guaranteed rights under legalizing binding Animal Bill of Rights for example dogs, elephants, birds, dolphins, gorillas, and chimpanzees. If animals do not have a sense of morality, why should they have rights. These animals do have a sense of morality they can distinguish right from wrong and good and bad behavior. Humans are capable of having sense of morality that 's why they have rights, but not all humans do the right things they go and violate laws all the time. Sixty percent said buying and wearing clothing made of animal fur was morally acceptable.... [tags: Animal rights, Animal testing, Human]
1398 words (4 pages)
- Throughout the years we have noticed a pattern in prisons. Cells are becoming overcrowded with the increase of crime. With this come budgetary problems. Many alternatives have been created to decrease overcrowding in prison. Many social agencies have and are still being used in replacement of jail time for criminals whose crime is not as extreme. The effectiveness of probation and parole can be extremely questionable. This paper will serve to convey the reasons why Probation and Parole is not effective.... [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Criminal law, Prison]
1270 words (3.6 pages)
- Parole and Probation have several advantages when it comes to managing offenders. When well implemented, they can be both effective and efficient as a way of dealing with offenders. Given the fact that the main role of the correctional systems is not to punish but to correct and reform, it is necessary to identify offenders who are worthy of being given a second chance to make sure that they are given a better environment to reform as opposed to sending them to prison. Apart from being an effective way to manage some types of offenders, parole and probation can help in managing prison population.... [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, Corrections]
1676 words (4.8 pages)
- #3 Effectiveness of Probation & Parole in Current Form In 1986, Petersilia and Turner conducted research examining sentencing decisions and the optional release on parole (judges discretion) or probation (discretion of the parole board). The results of their study indicated that the analysis of offenders background information, as gathered in the pre-sentencing investigation (PSI) , inadequately measures recidivism (Petersilia, 1998). More specifically, their findings revealed that there was minimal distinction between the PSI profiles of the offenders granted probation and those who were imprisoned.... [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, Criminal law]
1234 words (3.5 pages)
- The History and Critical Issues with Probation and Parole Most people know very little about America’s correction system. What little most people do know is often misconstrued by what they see in movies or what they hear on the news. When Americans think about the correction system, images from Alcatraz or a long row of iron bars and concrete with men in black and white striped suits flood their minds. There are problems with America’s correctional system. There isn’t enough space or enough money to go around.... [tags: Prison, Corrections, Crime, Criminal justice]
1753 words (5 pages)