Political History of Modern Egypt Essay examples

Political History of Modern Egypt Essay examples

Length: 1693 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The two-century period of the history of the modern state of Egypt comprise of a series of remarkable events that have shaped both the country’s past and future. Over the course of these two hundred years, Egypt saw its declaration as a Khedievate by the then Wali of Egypt, Muhammad Ali Pasha. Following this, it fell into the British occupation, after its protector, the Ottoman Empire sided with the Central Powers. Under the British, Egypt was proclaimed a sultanate. Yet, its life as a sultanate did not last much, due to the anti-British sentiments among its people. Fearing a mass revlot, the British decided to grant Egypt its independence in 1922, thus proclaiming the Kingdom of Egypt, with Sarwat Pasha as its first Prime Minister. Though de jure an independent state, much of Egypt’s domestic and foreign affairs remained under the direct control of the British. This led to the revolution of 1952, which overthrew the King, abolished the monarchy and established the Egyptian Republic, which has survived up until today. The republic period was not one worthy of praise either. With all but the last of its presidents coming from a military background, Egypt received a small share of social justice and human rights. It experienced dramatic switches in its foreign policy orientation, its head being turned from the USSR towards the US in instanteous movements. Just when it seemed that the country had finally begun to walk towards a democtratic society based on the rule of law, the military stroke again, removing the first Egyptian president ever to come to office by popular democratic vote.

This period spans from Muhammad Ali Pasha’s declaration of the Khedievate of Egypt in 1805, up until the Revolution of 1952 which abolished the t...


... middle of paper ...


... against the Muslim Brotherhood. In the 1970s, it emerged that the plot had probably been fabricated by the security services as part of a conflict between different factions within the regime.



Works Cited

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khedivate_of_Egypt
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-13315719
http://books.google.mk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=xhpfWRp-BL0C&oi=fnd&pg=PR7&dq=%22history+of+modern+egypt%22&ots=lAGhH2nbwg&sig=Hxd9a3G29aqXOHBVQdLReKP2ARM&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22history%20of%20modern%20egypt%22&f=false
http://books.google.mk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=WrbCziCWJPEC&oi=fnd&pg=PP5&dq=%22history+of+modern+egypt%22&ots=mx_Hf5mPbp&sig=_z6mcgvvTrW3bLfzw3tmjSYvkbI&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22history%20of%20modern%20egypt%22&f=false
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/wadah-khanfar/egypt-military-coup_b_3647871.html
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/gamal_abdel_nasser.htm

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Colonization of Egypt in 525 B.C. Essay

- According to Stuart A. Kallen in 525 BC Egypt lost its independence and would not regain it for the next 2,500. Alexander the Great was the first to conquer Egypt, leading up to the colonization by the British-Ottoman Empire and many more. One of the most important pre-colonization dynasties was the Ptolemaic, it ran on a Greek political structure and supported the growing culture center of artists, scientist, and philosophers. As it passed through the hands of the Romans, a new dynasty of Muslims formed the Fatimid....   [tags: Colonization, Egypt, history, ]

Free Essays
491 words (1.4 pages)

Understanding Culture Through the Art of Egypt and Greece Essay

- When you look at art, you see the message an artist was trying to convey. Sometimes the artist tries to evoke emotions that they themselves felt. Sometimes they try to show the beauty that they see in the world. Sometimes the artist tries to tell a story or history so that it can be documented for the present and the future. In both Egyptian and Greek art, the artists used their art to make life more beautiful, since both cultures enjoyed beautiful things, but they also used their art to tell their story....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece]

Powerful Essays
2603 words (7.4 pages)

The History of Islamic Political Ideas Essay

- ... The analysis of his ideas regarding political issues reveals that he was a free thinker. He preferred suni tradition. Most likely he devoted his work to suni jurist and moralists. He encountered the problem of how to strengthen united Muslims and their state. So he worked on the problems of political centralization. It will be better to understand the problems encountered by al-Ghazali before understanding political theory given by him. Problems faced by Al-Ghazali: No aspect of the political theory of Ghazali will be complete without analyzing the condition of Muslim world at that time....   [tags: Al-Ghazali, caliph, sultan]

Free Essays
547 words (1.6 pages)

Characteristics of the Modern Nation-State Essay

- This essay will describe the characteristics of the modern nation-state, explain how the United States fits the criteria of and functions as a modern nation-state, discuss the European Union as a transnational entity, analyze how nation-states and transnational entities engage on foreign policy to achieve their interests, and the consequences of this interaction for international politics. Some of the characteristics that make up a modern nation-state are; the population of the territory is united in the national identity and traditions, has an official language or languages and common descent, has an organized government, shall have independence and sovereign (self-ruled), and has a defined...   [tags: Political Science]

Powerful Essays
1609 words (4.6 pages)

Poverty in Egypt and South Africa Essay example

- When one hears the word Egypt the first thing that usually comes to mind is the Pyramids. But what does one think of when South Africa is mentioned. The first thing that comes to mind is poverty. Although both areas reside on the same continent, their individual aspects of political, economic and social development differ greatly. On a certain scale both countries are victims of poverty but South Africa is more exposed and not evolving as quickly as the other areas of the globe. Egypt is a place of tourist attraction and beauty but underneath the layer that visitors see, there is the heart of Egypt which involves little to educational opportunities, low GNI per capita, lower life expectancy...   [tags: government, workers, society]

Powerful Essays
1157 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece

- “Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece” According to history there existed two of many important ancient civilizations that left a significant mark in the history of human development that even today leaves modern society in awe of its greatness. In spite of being distant civilizations, Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece share similarities and difference in terms of how they practiced religion,political structure, everyday life style, and how they built the monumental architectures that continued to amaze the modern world of today....   [tags: ancient civilization, religion, culture]

Powerful Essays
889 words (2.5 pages)

The Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt: Hatshepsut Essay example

- “The pharaoh of ancient Egypt is normally described as the typical example of a divine ruler” (J. Ray, Hatshepsut, Vol 44, Issue 5, 1994) The ancient Egyptian world has seen hundreds of pharaohs; some excelled and some didn’t. Many of the pharaohs were men, only few females succeeded in gaining such great power, yet some did... specifically Hatshepsut. Few pharaohs of the 18Th Dynasty have aroused as much controversy as Hatshepsut. Hatshepsut was the sixth pharaoh of the New Kingdom and set up co-regency with her nephew and stepson, Thutmose III....   [tags: dynasty, divine ruler]

Powerful Essays
860 words (2.5 pages)

Step to Democratization in Egypt Essay

- With the development of human society, civilization is incessantly progressive. One aspect of human civilization’s progress is political civilization. Democratic politics can be considered to be the representatives of political civilization. When people refer to the history of human progress, they find that human beings struggle to achieve this great goal and no one can stop the human desire for political freedom. In 2011, one more country took a step towards democracy. Egypt is in the ancient, sacred and conservative Middle East....   [tags: International Conflict ]

Powerful Essays
1407 words (4 pages)

Napoleon's Campaign In Egypt Essay examples

- Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who significantly influenced European history. Born in Corisca on August 15th 1769, Napoleon first rose to prominence as a general in the French Revolution (Hutt, 4). With his “strength of will, character, application, and daring” (Napoleon) characteristics, Captain Bonaparte made a name for himself. Staging a coup d’etat in late 1799, Napoleon managed to install himself as First Consul and within three years, as Consul for life (Hutt, 3-4)....   [tags: World History]

Powerful Essays
1248 words (3.6 pages)

The Nile River-Egypt Essay

- The Nile River is arguably one of the most important water sources in the world and has an extremely rich history dating back thousands of years. Without the Nile, the ancient Egyptian civilization would have never existed. Egypt is basically a whole lot of sand and not much else, except they have the Nile River flowing through it, on it’s way to the Mediterranean sea. The ancient Egyptians lived along the Nile River and it provided them with abundant water, food (fish) and the opportunity to develop agriculture along it’s banks....   [tags: ancient egypcians, population control]

Powerful Essays
1175 words (3.4 pages)