Political History of Modern Egypt Essay examples

Political History of Modern Egypt Essay examples

Length: 1693 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The two-century period of the history of the modern state of Egypt comprise of a series of remarkable events that have shaped both the country’s past and future. Over the course of these two hundred years, Egypt saw its declaration as a Khedievate by the then Wali of Egypt, Muhammad Ali Pasha. Following this, it fell into the British occupation, after its protector, the Ottoman Empire sided with the Central Powers. Under the British, Egypt was proclaimed a sultanate. Yet, its life as a sultanate did not last much, due to the anti-British sentiments among its people. Fearing a mass revlot, the British decided to grant Egypt its independence in 1922, thus proclaiming the Kingdom of Egypt, with Sarwat Pasha as its first Prime Minister. Though de jure an independent state, much of Egypt’s domestic and foreign affairs remained under the direct control of the British. This led to the revolution of 1952, which overthrew the King, abolished the monarchy and established the Egyptian Republic, which has survived up until today. The republic period was not one worthy of praise either. With all but the last of its presidents coming from a military background, Egypt received a small share of social justice and human rights. It experienced dramatic switches in its foreign policy orientation, its head being turned from the USSR towards the US in instanteous movements. Just when it seemed that the country had finally begun to walk towards a democtratic society based on the rule of law, the military stroke again, removing the first Egyptian president ever to come to office by popular democratic vote.

This period spans from Muhammad Ali Pasha’s declaration of the Khedievate of Egypt in 1805, up until the Revolution of 1952 which abolished the t...


... middle of paper ...


... against the Muslim Brotherhood. In the 1970s, it emerged that the plot had probably been fabricated by the security services as part of a conflict between different factions within the regime.



Works Cited

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khedivate_of_Egypt
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-13315719
http://books.google.mk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=xhpfWRp-BL0C&oi=fnd&pg=PR7&dq=%22history+of+modern+egypt%22&ots=lAGhH2nbwg&sig=Hxd9a3G29aqXOHBVQdLReKP2ARM&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22history%20of%20modern%20egypt%22&f=false
http://books.google.mk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=WrbCziCWJPEC&oi=fnd&pg=PP5&dq=%22history+of+modern+egypt%22&ots=mx_Hf5mPbp&sig=_z6mcgvvTrW3bLfzw3tmjSYvkbI&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=%22history%20of%20modern%20egypt%22&f=false
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/wadah-khanfar/egypt-military-coup_b_3647871.html
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/gamal_abdel_nasser.htm

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Civilizations Of Mesopotamia And Egypt

- ... Sometimes those temperatures reached sky rocketing numbers, it was recently reported that the temperature reach 160 degrees over in that area. Mesopotamia is a region which has a huge variety of geography combined into one expanse of land. There are rivers, valleys, mountains, floodplains, deserts, and marshes splotched around the region. However, the most important landmarks of them all are the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Without their annual flood, ancient humans would have had difficulty in surviving....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Nile, Egyptians]

Powerful Essays
806 words (2.3 pages)

The Colonization of Egypt in 525 B.C. Essay

- According to Stuart A. Kallen in 525 BC Egypt lost its independence and would not regain it for the next 2,500. Alexander the Great was the first to conquer Egypt, leading up to the colonization by the British-Ottoman Empire and many more. One of the most important pre-colonization dynasties was the Ptolemaic, it ran on a Greek political structure and supported the growing culture center of artists, scientist, and philosophers. As it passed through the hands of the Romans, a new dynasty of Muslims formed the Fatimid....   [tags: Colonization, Egypt, history, ]

Free Essays
491 words (1.4 pages)

Napoleon Bonaparte : An Invasion Of Egypt Essay

- ... They also were given orders to investigate every aspect of life in ancient Egypt. The problem with this scenario was that Napoleon was not educated enough on the history and left many consequences behind when he chose to go after culture and history of Egypt. By taking Egypt, France and Napoleon attempted to remove British communications with India because it was the most valuable colonial holding place. France and Britain were growing rivals since the 1700’s because of the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763) in which Britain defeated France and lost their territory and influence in North America to India....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Egyptians, Coptic language]

Powerful Essays
1068 words (3.1 pages)

Essay about Ancient Egypt, The Universe, And The Origins Of Mankind

- Throughout the centuries, humans have been trying to explain the origins of the earth, the universe, and the origins of mankind. Every culture has established some form of myth in an effort to answer these questions. Ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome, all have left a profound legacy upon the modern world. Their civilizations continue to be studied in universities throughout the world to this very day, because of their powerful and organized government infrastructures; that was directly linked to their religions, their elaborate creation stories, and their controversial polytheistic lifestyles....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece]

Powerful Essays
1196 words (3.4 pages)

Understanding Culture Through the Art of Egypt and Greece Essay

- When you look at art, you see the message an artist was trying to convey. Sometimes the artist tries to evoke emotions that they themselves felt. Sometimes they try to show the beauty that they see in the world. Sometimes the artist tries to tell a story or history so that it can be documented for the present and the future. In both Egyptian and Greek art, the artists used their art to make life more beautiful, since both cultures enjoyed beautiful things, but they also used their art to tell their story....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece]

Powerful Essays
2603 words (7.4 pages)

The History of Islamic Political Ideas Essay

- ... The analysis of his ideas regarding political issues reveals that he was a free thinker. He preferred suni tradition. Most likely he devoted his work to suni jurist and moralists. He encountered the problem of how to strengthen united Muslims and their state. So he worked on the problems of political centralization. It will be better to understand the problems encountered by al-Ghazali before understanding political theory given by him. Problems faced by Al-Ghazali: No aspect of the political theory of Ghazali will be complete without analyzing the condition of Muslim world at that time....   [tags: Al-Ghazali, caliph, sultan]

Free Essays
547 words (1.6 pages)

Poverty in Egypt and South Africa Essay example

- When one hears the word Egypt the first thing that usually comes to mind is the Pyramids. But what does one think of when South Africa is mentioned. The first thing that comes to mind is poverty. Although both areas reside on the same continent, their individual aspects of political, economic and social development differ greatly. On a certain scale both countries are victims of poverty but South Africa is more exposed and not evolving as quickly as the other areas of the globe. Egypt is a place of tourist attraction and beauty but underneath the layer that visitors see, there is the heart of Egypt which involves little to educational opportunities, low GNI per capita, lower life expectancy...   [tags: government, workers, society]

Powerful Essays
1157 words (3.3 pages)

Characteristics of the Modern Nation-State Essay

- This essay will describe the characteristics of the modern nation-state, explain how the United States fits the criteria of and functions as a modern nation-state, discuss the European Union as a transnational entity, analyze how nation-states and transnational entities engage on foreign policy to achieve their interests, and the consequences of this interaction for international politics. Some of the characteristics that make up a modern nation-state are; the population of the territory is united in the national identity and traditions, has an official language or languages and common descent, has an organized government, shall have independence and sovereign (self-ruled), and has a defined...   [tags: Political Science]

Powerful Essays
1609 words (4.6 pages)

Essay on Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece

- “Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece” According to history there existed two of many important ancient civilizations that left a significant mark in the history of human development that even today leaves modern society in awe of its greatness. In spite of being distant civilizations, Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece share similarities and difference in terms of how they practiced religion,political structure, everyday life style, and how they built the monumental architectures that continued to amaze the modern world of today....   [tags: ancient civilization, religion, culture]

Powerful Essays
889 words (2.5 pages)

Napoleon's Campaign In Egypt Essay examples

- Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who significantly influenced European history. Born in Corisca on August 15th 1769, Napoleon first rose to prominence as a general in the French Revolution (Hutt, 4). With his “strength of will, character, application, and daring” (Napoleon) characteristics, Captain Bonaparte made a name for himself. Staging a coup d’etat in late 1799, Napoleon managed to install himself as First Consul and within three years, as Consul for life (Hutt, 3-4)....   [tags: World History]

Powerful Essays
1248 words (3.6 pages)