To prevent Egypt from going bankrupt, Britain and France intervened politically. Foreign financial control provoked a violent nationalistic reaction in Egypt that led to British occupation of the country until 1956. Natural Resources Beginning in the 1800s, imperialism was also practiced in the Middle East. The prime attraction for most European nations was the presence of vast oil fields. The machinery produced as a result of the Industrial Revolution required oil to keep numerous moving parts lubricated.
The economic situation of Egypt before its colonization was quite good. The working and owning class maintained the industrial aspect while the upper class maintained the government and political prospect. Through the colonization of Egypt, Britain gained control of the Suez Canal, a major part of the world trade routes. With this advantage, Britain decided to heavily tax the ships which passed through. This brought mass amounts of money of which the Egyptians never saw.
After 10 long years and 1.5 million hard-workers, the largest canal of it’s kind was completed under the watch of French developer, Ferdinand de Lesseps.1 The Suez Canal is a 120 mile long and 670 feet wide man-made waterway that connecting the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea. The Suez Canal was built under Napoleon’s rule2 in order to cut out a numerous amount of miles off of the sea passage from European to Asian markets. It created a passageway the made the journey around the Cape of Good Hope unnecessary.3 The Suez Canal amplified Western power and technology by transforming the globe.2 Because of the international reliance on the canal, control over the canal was constantly being fought over. The Suez Canal Crisis of 1956 was a battle defending the rights Great Britain felt they had over the Suez Canal Company and surrounding region that escalated into an international conflict tat could not be solved civilly without the help of United Nations. European powers had an abundance amount of interest in Egypt.
British Imperialism in India and South Asia forever changed the course of history, having both positive and negative effects on these nations and ultimately resulting in an imperialized system that limited the freedom of citizens in India and brought tremendous wealth to Britain. Imperialism is the policy of extending the rule of a country over other countries or colonies To this degree, Britain took control of India and South Asia because they saw an opportunity for trade superiority and were enticed by the potential these regions held. From the mid eighteenth to twentieth centuries, India was governed by two different variations of British imperialism. First through the British East India Company, perhaps the most powerful private trading entity the world has ever seen, and second, through the direct control of the British government. The British East India Company came to dominate and control India for nearly two centuries, exploiting the nation's resources and rendering them economically and socially delayed .
After taking power in 1805, he strengthened the army and focused on cultivating the land. He also increased trade with Europe and sent officials to Britain to be educated. The effects of colonization were different under each country. While under the Ottomans, French, and British, Egypt saw different ways of colonizing a land. The Ottomans put a Viceroy in charge of Egypt along... ... middle of paper ... ...roblem was that the British reserved the right to station troops throughout Egypt.
However, these economical and social forces worked hand-in-hand to slowly erode away the binds that held America to its Mother Country. The traditional liberties of Britain and the newly established liberties of America were very different. After the French and Indian War, the colonies were “heavily'; taxed to sow together the damaged British pocketbook. These economical problems and social distinctions needed to be mended simultaneously or the war could not be avoided. First, the traditional liberties of Britain were considerably different from the political and social origins of America.
The Atlantic slave trade was abolished by the British parliament in 1807. This caused great problems for West African slave traders who had witnessed a period of vast growth in the industry towards the end of the eighteenth century. They now had to focus on more lawful, legitimate means of trading. The types of industry that often replaced the slave trade were produce based, agricultural goods such as palm oil. The potential problems faced by traders were ‘exacerbated by the fact that it coincided with other problems for West Africa’s external trade.’ This refers to the Anglo-French wars which made the demand for West African exports very unreliable.
To accomplish his vision he was going to turn an almost abandoned dessert, which had no source of fresh water, into a canal that connected the Mediterranean with the Red Sea. The building of the Suez Canal however, was not to be an easy task to obtain, there were many obstacles along the way. Certain states of Europe aggressively competed for it, the Ottoman Empire tried to prevent its construction, and the Middle East proved to be another impediment when they destroyed the cities along its banks. However in the mid nineteenth century there was a joint venture between the ruler of Egypt and Lesseps. Lesseps knew he could not do this alone.
Europe was an important factor in the issue until riots broke out in Alexandria, due to the 'Eastern Question’ as Britain had to court them untill reports came back of Europeans being killed. It is unlikely that Britain feared any other countries invading Egypt other than France as they would have the same problem that Britain had with the ‘Eastern Question’. Furthermore, the other European powers did not have the same economic investment in Egypt and the Suez Canal that Britain and France had, therefore, they did not have motive or the excuse to interfere in the uprising. After France pulled out of the invasion, due to its own concerns with islamic militants, the extent to which the European powers influenced the British occupation of Egypt was minimal.
The series of taxation acts Parliament levied upon America to recoup its wartime debt took a serious toll on colonial businesses, increasing their debt and frustration with England. At the same time, colonial merchants also wanted to maintain ties with their primary consumer, England. After the French and Indian War, wealthy merchants had stock piles of inventory which had primarily been sold to British regiments that had been encamped throughout the colonies. With their primary consumers gone, colonial merchants eagerly jumped on the bandwagon to boycott British goods, a way to maintain the sell of backlogged inventory to local colonies. After the Townshend Acts were repealed, however, these merchants were eager to continue their importation of British goods, in addition to selling their goods back out to the motherland.