The One Child Policy As A Population Control Method Essay

The One Child Policy As A Population Control Method Essay

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The one-child policy is an approach used to limit population growth. As an attempt to slow down the increasing populace, China applied this restriction in 1979 as they were rapidly reaching the one billion citizens mark. The initial intentions of this policy was to solely reduce consumption of scarce resources before the population growth became unsustainable. While only affecting a third of the population, the law has undoubtedly created a permanent generation of new social and economical norms felt by one hundred percent of the population. The outcomes of the policy gave rise to a new set of social and economical difficulties in China. The one-child policy as a population control method has created an imbalance of men and women, inadvertently fostered an entire generation that will not experience traditional Chinese culture, and will face a great economical challenge with a diminishing workforce.
By employing the one-child policy China reportedly prevented four hundred million births (Parkinson). Although China managed to significantly reduce their birth rate, currently at 1.7 births per woman, they failed to predict the tremendous disparity in men and women. There are nearly thirty three million more men than women in China (Parkinson). This unsettling situation has raised concerns over men electing to commit crimes or turn to sex trafficking in order to marry a woman. To understand why a man would consider such an act it is important to note the strong cultural background of traditional Chinese families. As it is true that many cultures would preferably have a male baby, Chinese culture inherently favours male babies to pass on their family name. In tradition Chinese families, the male will also typically provide for their ...


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... one-child policy has created a temporary relief for the fast growing nation. However, because it was not lifted sooner, China will face some of the toughest challenges in its recent history. The effects of the policy results in a wide gap of thirty three million more men than women with men expected to face the pressure to carry their family name. In the same way, the policy gave rise to a new generation without immediate family members, that everyone else experiences, to embrace the full Chinese culture. Lastly, the economic superpower that is China will experience a huge drop in their workforce which will place enormous pressure on the government and young citizens to carry the extra load. In the reality of a disparity in gender, new family structure and norms and an aging population the government of China wisely lifted the ban and implemented a two child policy.

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