Child Welfare Policy in Canada

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Societal influence on developing Child Welfare Policy Ideological, social, political, and economic factors of a given period play key roles in developing and maintaining any social welfare policies in which the area of child welfare is not an exception. Throughout the history of child welfare legislation in Canada, Acts have been passed and modified according to the changing concept of childhood and to the varying degree of societal atmosphere of each period. Ideological perspective influence how society defines at-risk individuals or groups, and its solution (Graham, Swift, & Delaney, 2012), and the changing societal belief on children brought dramatic changes to development of child welfare policy. From the early 20th century, childhood has become characterized by not only proper guidance and protection of a family, but an increased role of the community and the state in preventing abuse and exploitation. Society also began to consider the well-being of children as the future of a strong nation, and failure as a potential damage to the development of a healthy society. Such beliefs pointed to the need for child welfare policies around the areas of deinstitutionalization, improved health care, and compulsory schooling, along with demise of child labour. In the areas of child labour, for example, although child labour was preferred as it provided a cheaper, more manageable workforce in industrialization era, the changing societal attitude toward child labour brought strict regulation for the demise of child labour. The working condition and the treatment of children in factories were also put into scrutiny to provide safer working environment to those who often had to endure both physical and verbal abuse while working wit... ... middle of paper ... .../121037-SDS220R_tromkey_cel_1141/Modules/Module07/7.1/index.htm?_&d2lSessionVal=hJ7rb3sBinN5eFKK7Pj7MOCyD&ou=121037 Maybin, J. &Woodhead, M. (2003). Childhoods in context. Southern Gate, Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd Ontario Association of Children’s Aid Societies (OACAS) (2010). An Anti-Oppression Framework for Child Welfare in Ontario. August 2010. Strong-Boag, V. (2010). Forgotten people of all the forgotten: children with disabilities in English Canada from the nineteenth century to the new millennium. In Gleason, M., Myers, T., Paris, L. & Strong-Boag, V. Lost Kids: Vulnerable children and youth in twentieth-century Canada and the United States (pp 33-50). Vancouver, BC: UBC Press Thompson, R. (Reporter). (1992, August 21). Duplessis Orphans: Reaction and response [Television broadcast]. Toronto, ON: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Digital Archives.
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