Essay on The Novel ' Phaedo '

Essay on The Novel ' Phaedo '

Length: 1364 words (3.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

element in life. One can take a path of wickedness or righteousness, and this will be weighted heavily on the soul after physical body dies. Socrates feels content with his decision to stay in prison and thus not to be unjust to the laws of Athens and Crito is left nothing more to say.
In Phaedo, there is an immense form of development and the dialogue focuses primarily on death and the immortality of the soul. It starts with Phaedo, Simmias and Cebes, all interlocutors who recount the story of Socrates execution. This dialogue is unique because it contains discussions of the philosopher, a soul’s immortality through the opposites, recollection, affinity and the last arguments. The philosopher is capable to relate to death and understand what happens to the souls. Socrates mentions that those who call themselves philosophers should be ready to face death and not commit suicide or “lay violent hands upon themselves” (Pg xx). One shall not commit suicide because men are looked after the Gods. It would be impolite for one to end their life on their own terms before God willed it. A philosopher is “happy at the prospect of death because he strongly advocates for suffering free afterlife” (Pg XX). Socrates is certain that death is the separation from the body. A philosopher is someone who denies his self-pleasures, interests, wealth, and tries to spend his life to detach his soul from the body and its limitations. According to Socrates, the philosopher is on a journey to seek virtue, wisdom and knowledge. Moreover, if intelligence is a philosopher’s only goal then the body acts as a hindrance because of its faulty senses that deceive it. This leaves logic to achieve the ultimate truth and meaning of existence. The philosopher tries t...

... middle of paper ...

...e if the soul and body are not in existence. The attunement is the result of parts that cannot be controlled. Socrates states that the parts that make the lyre, the wood and the strings are similar to the body with attunement being the lyre itself. The parts that make up the lyre determine the form, shape and quality of the instrument itself. And if this were similar to the composition of the body, then the soul would be incapable of opposing the body. Socrates further opposes attunement because it would make all souls to be equally virtuous and wise. If vice is the opposite of virtue, then vice should not exist in any soul.
Cebes brings upon the contradiction that the soul wears out over time and weakens. The soul is stronger and more durable than the body but not immortal. Cebes compares the soul to an old weaver, who has woven and outworn a great deal of clocks

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Phaedo by Plato Essay

- ... Socrates first establishes the existence of an underworld based on an ancient idea that souls that are born come from there; essentially, they are born from the dead. The argument continues that if the living come back from the dead, the souls must be in existence in that realm which for Socrates is proof that the living only come from the dead (Phaedo 70d). He then extends this reason to all plants, animals, and things that come to be. Socrates expounds this logic using the argument that “if something smaller comes to be, it will come from something larger before, which became smaller” (Phaedo 69e)....   [tags: last conversation of Socrates]

Better Essays
941 words (2.7 pages)

The Ideal Classic Novel Of The Novel ' Sparks ' Essay

- In today’s society, high schools around the country are given a required reading list of the books they 're going to be reading and trying to analyze and understand. These books tend to be dubbed as classics, however even though society is told they 're classics, there is a significant difference between them. Those differences being how those books are being perceived as either being ideal and real. This gives an insight on how the book impacts a reader and why society considers these novels to be classic....   [tags: Literature, Novel, Fiction, Science fiction]

Better Essays
1766 words (5 pages)

Essay on The Novel ' The Hobbit '

- The idea of identity is central to any fantasy novel as usually the main character’s sense of self changes as the novel progresses, whether from internal conflicts or through the influence of others. The concept of discovering self-identity is evident in the plot of Gustave Flaubert’s Madame Bovary and J. R. R. Tolkien’s novel, The Hobbit. In Madame Bovary, Flaubert tells the tale of a whimsical young woman, Emma and her sense of identity throughout her life. Similarly, in The Hobbit, the quest that Bilbo Baggins embarks on is not only in pursuit of lost treasure, but also for his own identity and maturity that develops while on the quest....   [tags: The Hobbit, Bilbo Baggins, Novel, Gustave Flaubert]

Better Essays
1633 words (4.7 pages)

Is It Considered A Novel? Essay examples

- If a story has chapters that interconnect, is it considered a novel or a series of short stories. A novel is defined as a fictitious prose narrative of book length, typically representing characters and action with some degree of realism. A short story is a piece of prose fiction, which can be read in a single sitting. In a debate of whether “Always Outnumbered, Always Outgunned” is a novel or series of short stories, one controversial issue has been that it is a novel. On the one hand, people argue that it is a novel because they can read the whole book in order....   [tags: Short story, Fiction, Novel, Science fiction]

Better Essays
1123 words (3.2 pages)

Essay about The Novel ' Frankenstein '

- In the novel Frankenstein, there is a lot of blame being thrown around for the violence that takes place. Victor Frankenstein ultimately blames himself and as a reader it 's easy to understand why. “Oh. no mortal could support the horror of that countenance. A mummy again endued with animation could not be so hideous as that wretch.” The first obvious place to start is the fact that he is the creator of the evil menace that 's behind the stricken violence. Not only that, but he also never taught this huge and overwhelmingly powerful monster right from wrong, he just abandoned him from the start....   [tags: Frankenstein, Novel, English-language films, Life]

Better Essays
1166 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on The Phaedo by Plato

- The Phaedo by Plato In "The Phaedo," Plato explains his theory of forms and ideas concerning the mortality of the soul. We find that the soul and body are separate and that the soul lives after death and had lived before. This leads us to the idea of forms and how we acquire the knowledge of these before birth. The only time the soul is separate from the body is in death. Since the soul can only obtain knowledge of forms when it is away from the body, we understand that after death is the only time when the soul can acquire this information....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
439 words (1.3 pages)

Phaedo by Plato Essay

- Phaedo by Plato The opening of Plato's Phaedo finds Socrates constructing a defense of the philosophical life. When consideration is given to the status of philosophy in Greece at the end of the fifth century BCE, such a defense seems unnecessary and, at the same time, difficult. This is because ancient Greece provides us with the origins of philosophy, and yet this particular period in history serves as a good demonstration of the public's general distaste for and persecution of it. Several philosophers, including Pythagoras, Anaxagoras, and Protagoras, were ridiculed and attacked for their beliefs....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
2510 words (7.2 pages)

Phaedo by Plato Essay

- Phaedo by Plato The main theme behind the "Phaedo" is Socrates' readiness and willingness to die, because of his belief of immortality. Socrates believed that when his body ceased to exist anymore, that his soul would leave and join that of the forms, where he would be eternally. Socrates believed so strongly in this, that not only did he not fear his death, he welcomed it. He believed that only when the soul separated from the body, is a person able to be truly enlightened and gain all knowledge....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
1041 words (3 pages)

Plato's Phaedo Essays

- Plato's Phaedo Plato's Phaedo is a dialog between Phaedo, Cebes, and Simmias depicting Socrates explanation as to why death should not be feared by a true philosopher. For if a person truly applies oneself in the right way to philosophy, as the pursuit of ultimate truth, they are preparing themselves for the very act of dying. Plato, through Socrates, bases his proof on the immortality of the soul, and it being the origin of our intellect. Several steps must be taken for the soul to be proven immortal....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
2096 words (6 pages)

Phaedo Summary Essay

- Phaedo Summary Socrates stands now before his disciples telling them he is not afraid of dying because he says death is what the true philosopher waits for all his life. The philosopher must have lived a good life, and when death is presented upon him, he should take the opportunity. Socrates formed a conclusion that: “That the real philosopher has reason to be of good cheer when he is about to die, and after death he may hope to obtain the greatest good of the world.” Socrates is saying that when death is presented upon him, he should have no reason but to be happy, and when that death comes; he will have achieved the best gift in the world....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
785 words (2.2 pages)