In Phaedo, there is an immense form of development and the dialogue focuses primarily on death and the immortality of the soul. It starts with Phaedo, Simmias and Cebes, all interlocutors who recount the story of Socrates execution. This dialogue is unique because it contains discussions of the philosopher, a soul’s immortality through the opposites, recollection, affinity and the last arguments. The philosopher is capable to relate to death and understand what happens to the souls. Socrates mentions that those who call themselves philosophers should be ready to face death and not commit suicide or “lay violent hands upon themselves” (Pg xx). One shall not commit suicide because men are looked after the Gods. It would be impolite for one to end their life on their own terms before God willed it. A philosopher is “happy at the prospect of death because he strongly advocates for suffering free afterlife” (Pg XX). Socrates is certain that death is the separation from the body. A philosopher is someone who denies his self-pleasures, interests, wealth, and tries to spend his life to detach his soul from the body and its limitations. According to Socrates, the philosopher is on a journey to seek virtue, wisdom and knowledge. Moreover, if intelligence is a philosopher’s only goal then the body acts as a hindrance because of its faulty senses that deceive it. This leaves logic to achieve the ultimate truth and meaning of existence. The philosopher tries t...
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...e if the soul and body are not in existence. The attunement is the result of parts that cannot be controlled. Socrates states that the parts that make the lyre, the wood and the strings are similar to the body with attunement being the lyre itself. The parts that make up the lyre determine the form, shape and quality of the instrument itself. And if this were similar to the composition of the body, then the soul would be incapable of opposing the body. Socrates further opposes attunement because it would make all souls to be equally virtuous and wise. If vice is the opposite of virtue, then vice should not exist in any soul.
Cebes brings upon the contradiction that the soul wears out over time and weakens. The soul is stronger and more durable than the body but not immortal. Cebes compares the soul to an old weaver, who has woven and outworn a great deal of clocks
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