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The Flaws of Plato´s Phaedo

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Plato's final argument in Phaedo for the immortality of the soul is one of the most interesting topics of all time. It goes hand to hand with the application of the theory of forms to the question of the soul's immortality, as Plato constantly reminds us, the theory of forms is the most certain of all his theories. The Phaedo is Plato’s attempt to convince us of the immortality of the soul by using several main arguments. These include the argument of forms and the law of opposites. In the final passage of the Phaedo, Plato provides his final proof, although it may be his last attempt to give his reasoning, it is not very convincing. Plato has some good points and reasoning to believe in the immortality of the soul, but his arguments often seem to make large assumptions without any concrete evidence. In this essay I will attempt to expose some flaws in Plato’s argument while showing how the conclusion can still be convincing for some.
According to Plato talking through Socrates, whenever a soul occupies a body, it always brings life with it. This means that the soul is connected with life, and so cannot admit its opposite which is death. If it does not admit the form of evenness and is uneven, according to Socrates, then it follows that the soul, which does not admit of death, cannot die. It must either withdraw or disappear at the approach of death. If the soul is undying, it cannot disappear and perish. All it has to do is simply run away at the approach of death. Socrates concludes that the soul does not die with the body, but simply leaves it, living on, eternal and indestructible. Cebes admits in Phaedo that he is entirely convinced by Socrates' argument. Some important premises throughout Phaedo within Socrates’ argument ar...

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...tible, how can we accept this idea of the soul?
In conclusion, assumptions need to be accepted so that Plato’s arguments can work. The first assumption is that the soul brings life to the body. The second, is that the principle of life is immortal, indestructible and everlasting. It would be hard to think of the soul as a material thing, therefore if death were brought to the soul it would have to change into an immaterial thing. However, it doesn’t seem right for there to be parts of immaterial things hanging around. Therefore it would have to dissolve into nothing, but nothing can not be destroyed into nothing. The idea that a soul can die seems impossible to me, so Plato in a sense, makes sense in his belief in the soul being immortal. However his arguments do not show strong evidence to prove this belief, even to this day, we can not prove whether souls exists.
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