Essay on The Nature Of Prejudice By Gordon Allport

Essay on The Nature Of Prejudice By Gordon Allport

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In 1954, social psychologist Gordon Allport published a book regarded as the point of divergence for modern researchers into the nature of prejudice, and it highlighted methods for mitigating prejudice in the society. Allport delineates the inclusive origins of intergroup discrimination and also series of recommendations to eliminate prejudice. Undoubtedly, for the past fifty years, Allport theories have made the most practical attempt to promote intergroup relationship. Allport defined prejudice as a social aversion based on a faulty and obstinate generalization of an individual or a group of people grounded on their social category or group membership (Allport, 1954). According to Allport (1954), prejudice and stereotyping emerged partly due to normal human thinking to understand and make sense of the world around us. Humans often sort information received into mental categories by normal prejudgment. Also, the fundamental essence of the processes of categorization is crucial as it is an unavoidable process in which an understanding of orderly living in the society depends on daily.
Further, the practice of categorization in the social world accounts for the ways individuals sort people into mental groups based on race, age, gender, sexual orientations and socioeconomic class. Most recognized prejudice includes sexism, racism, ageism, homophobia and religious prejudice. Also, whenever prejudice transpires, discrimination and stereotyping may also ensue and in many cases prejudices are entrenched in stereotypes. However, prejudice can be experienced as a positive or negative encounter by stigmatized groups or individuals. For instance, I am predominantly inclined towards anything African: such as African food, African movies, ...

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...of how other members of their social group think or act (Berkowitz 2003; Haines, 1997 as cited in Kilmartin et al., 2008). Hence, when making a decision, people takes into account what others in the same social status are doing. Kilmartin et al. (1999) established a public information operation was effective in correcting misperceptions of global norms of average men and their attitudes towards sexism (as cited in Kilmartin et al., 2008). Acknowledging the interventions proposed to reduce sexism, gender inequality continues to be pervasive in the society despite years of research aimed at eliminating sexism. Hence, a multipronged approach is needed to understand when and how gender inequality can be confronted and hopefully eliminated. Also, good intentions to prevent sexism are not enough as individuals may hold and act on sexist beliefs that are implicit. hhhhhh

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