The three models of decision making according to Allison are the rational model, the organizational process model, and the government and politics models. The rational model is when within the organization context, decision making is the process where decisions are made based on research and action. This is all done to achieve a goal. This model states that there are five phases of decision making; pre analysis phase, analytic phase, design phase, choice phase, and implementation phase. The book states that “Allison proposed the rational model as the classical and dominate individual behavior and in the broader scope issues such as foreign policy. Moreover, it assumes that individuals and groups behave rationally in decision making.” (Denhardt, pg. 133)
The organizational process model explains the logic of action. This includes the possibility of multiple agents or people in the decision making process. Decision maker are held down by standard operating procures that tend to make decision outcomes predicable. Denhardt states, “an organization’s influence on decision making is exercised by dividing tasks among its members, establishing standard practices transmitting objectives throughout the organization, providing channels of communication that run in all directions, and training and indoctrinating its members with the knowledge, skills, and values of the organization.” (Denhardt, pg. 136)
The governmental politics model acknowledg...
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...This can be used to set agendas and get a point across. There are sometimes when organization writing can be used in a negative way, along in a positive way. Formal memos may be appropriate if you need to set rules or enforce office behavior and policy. Email is a strong tool now used by businesses and organizations as a tool of communication. Email can be used to inform people and update people.
All of these components are of utmost importance when it comes to organizational communication. We learned and read a lot during this class on how important communication is within an organization. Communication can make you a good leader and a good manager. At the same time, strong communication leads to strong working environment. Listening to others and showing that you care will make them care about what you say and overall it will be better for the organization.
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