Hispanics are the fastest growing minority in the United States, and the majority of them are Mexican in origin (Kemp, 2001). The Roman Catholic Church plays a vital role in the culture and daily life of many Mexican Americans. Consequently, healthcare personnel must become culturally competent in dealing with the different beliefs possessed by these individuals. Nurses must have the knowledge and skills necessary to deliver care that is congruent with the patient’s cultural beliefs and practices (Kearney-Nunnery, 2010). The ways that a nurse cares for a Mexican American patient during the process of dying or at the critical time of death is especially important. The purpose of this paper is to examine Mexican Americans’ beliefs concerning terminal illness and death, explain the role of the nurse desired by Mexican Americans, and discuss how the knowledge gained will be incorporated into future nursing practice.
Mexican Americans have strong beliefs about how to care for a loved one during times of terminal illness. Health and illness is often attributed to the will of God. Mexican Americans typically feel as if they are being punished by God or that it is simply fate that they are terminally ill (Kemp, 2001). Therefore, Mexican Americans typically take a passive role with regard to treatment options. For example, Mexican Americans seldom voice problems with pain while in the hospital due to a high value being placed on stoicism. Consequently, studies show that they receive inadequate analgesia more often than any other population. Life-sustaining measures may also be requested by family members if there is any hope that the ill loved one will survive. However, Mexican Americans believe that th...
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...piritual beliefs and practices on the treatment preferences of African Americans: A review of the literature. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53(4), 711-719. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415. 2005.53224.x
Kearney-Nunnery, R. (2012). Health, illness, and holism. In R. Kearney-Nunnery (Ed.), Advancing your career: Concepts of professional nursing (pp. 75-86). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company.
Kemp, C. (2001). Culture and the end of life: Hispanic cultures (focus on Mexican Americans). Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing, 3(1), 29-33. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=rzh&AN=2001044497&site=eho st-live
Taxis, J.C., Keller, T., & Cruz, V. (2008). Mexican Americans and hospice care: Culture, control, and communication. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing, 10(3), 133-141. doi: 10.1097/01.NJH.0000306739.10636.5f
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