INTRODUCTION Today, according to the Census Department (2010), there are 51 million (16.4%) uninsured individuals in the Unites States and a large percentage of those individuals are Hispanic. Among Hispanics ages 18-64, 37% are uninsured, which is about twice the size when compared to the proportion of uninsured among the general population, and nearly 2.5 times the proportion of white, non-Hispanics. Additionally, 2.9 million Hispanic children who are younger than 18 years old (21%) are uninsured. This compares with uninsured rates among children who are younger than 18 years of 7.4% among Non-Hispanic whites, 14.5% among African Americans, and 12.4% among Asians. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2009), Hispanics are the majority population to receive or use much needed medications, including prescription drugs for asthma; cardiovascular disease; diabetes; HIV/AIDS; and mental or psychological illness. Furthermore, according to the Census Department, Hispanics are the fastest growing minority population in the United States. HYPOTHESES Hispanic groups are described in the Census 2010 as Mexican, Mexican-American, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Hispanic. The Hispanic-origin population consists of the majority of individuals that lack health insurance coverage in the United States. (38.9 %). Non-Hispanic Black consists of 20%, while Non-Hispanic Whites consist of 12.2% (Census Bureau, 2010). The purpose of this research is to gain a better understanding of the strong relationship between the lack of health insurance coverage and the increase of other variables that could be factored in for the lack of health insurance coverage in the U.S. The correlation among varia... ... middle of paper ... ...Korman. (2006): "Why Are Latinos the Most Uninsured Racial/Ethnic Group of US Children? A Community-Based Study of Risk Factors for and Consequences of Being an Uninsured Latino Child." Pediatrics 118.3 E730-740. Print. 6. Flores, G., and S. C. Tomany-Korman. (2008): "The Language Spoken at Home and Disparities in Medical and Dental Health, Access to Care, and Use of Services in US Children." Pediatrics 121.6 E1703-1714. Print. 7. Ku, L., and T. Waidmann. (2003). Center on Budget and Policy Priorities and the Urban Institute: How race/ethnicity, immigration status and language affect health insurance coverage, access to care and quality of care among the low income population. Print. 8. Long, Sharon K. (2003). "Choosing among Food, Housing, and Health Insurance." Hardship among the Uninsured: Http://www.urban.org/uploadedpdf/310775_B-54.pdf. Urban Institute.
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Socioeconomic status can limit access to healthcare in many ways. Several Americans do not have the means to receive healthcare although it is readily available to the entire population. A person’s social status, urban community and financial background can all have an impact as to how access to healthcare is achieved. While there are many factors that limit access to healthcare, I will discuss how these particular factors play a role with accessing healthcare services. Why do low income individuals tend to have high risk factors that result in poor health outcomes? What are some of the factors that determine better health outcomes? These are some of the questions that come up when trying to understand the influence of health outcomes. An individual’s socioeconomic status can alter their healthcare choices and status based on education, income, surroundings and/or occupation levels.
The study carried out by Wilper et al is, therefore, a clear indication that the increasing number of deaths among adults in the US is down to lack of health insurance coverage. Wilper et al have utilized data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP), which was formulated after a survey was undertaken all over the country, which makes their study valid. Furthermore, Wilper et al consider various factors, including income, which make health insurance acquisition difficult for some people.
Less is known, however, about how differences in the use of preventive services vary across subgroups of the uninsured population. As a whole, the uninsured receive less preventive care. When issues are discovered it is typically at more advanced disease stages, and once a diagnosis is received, the uninsured tend to receive less therapeutic care. 21 The uninsured population is not monolithic and spans all levels of household income, education, and age. Even though there has been a large amount of information created by work on preventive services, a gap remains in the literature. According to the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), an estimated 48.6 million people were uninsured in 2011. This figur...
spends about 15% of its gross domestic product on healthcare, thereby making it the largest sector of the economy” (Goldman, D., & McGlynn, E., 2005). “Americans are not healthier than some of the other developed nations, regardless of these extensive costs” (WHO, 2010). “Almost 40 million Americans are uninsured and about 18% of Americans under the age of 65 receive half of the recommended healthcare services” (Goldman, D., & McGlynn, E., 2005). “Though, quality of care was noted not to vary much in cities with respect to lack of insurance, poverty, penetration of managed care and availability of physicians and hospital beds” (Goldman, D., & McGlynn, E., 2005).
Throughout this novel, there is a repeating theme of lying happening. It becomes part of the lives of the characters and through the situations they encounter proves that sometimes lying isn’t always wrong. To survive in these adventures, one must lie their way through it or else the unthinkable might happen. Throughout the entire novel of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, the theme of lying was an essential form of survival.
Today in the United States of America, the race and culture that a person is raised in determines the quality of health care he or she will receive for a lifetime. Minority patients tend to receive a lower quality of health care as opposed to patients who are the same race as their doctor. Minorities reported to be less satisfied with visits to the doctor (Schnittker and Liang 811). This action puts minority patients’ health at risk and can cause them many consequences in the long run. Doctors should work on improving their relationship with minority patients by learning how to communicate verbally and nonverbally with them, educating themselves on how different cultures show symptoms to diseases, and entitling minorities to health insurance.
Blacks die from heart disease faster than any other ethnic group; however the disease is more common for Whites to have despite the fact that Blacks have access to cheap preventions. For instance, being pro active and paying a minimal fee at the gym, checking for blood pressure and cholesterol levels free of charge in a local pharmaceutical department and purchasing over-the-counter-- prescriptions. Research by Singh and Siapush (2001) highlighted the need to study Latino health using as a comparison experience of other racial/ethnic groups. The mortality data discussed that both Latino immigrants have a health advantage over US native born Whites. However, research has suggested that Latino ethnicity and foreign nativity might be protective against psychiatric disorders. In broad racial/ethnic comparisons, "Hispanics “as well as non-Hispanic Blacks were at lower risk for disorders such as depression, generalized anxiety disorder, and social phobia compare to non-Hispanic Whites (Breslau et al., 2006). For some Latino the advantages of healthcare might rooted in their strong social network and culture. It is essential to recognize that there are health
Ever since the day the book Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was introduced to the readers, the critical world has been littered with numerous essays and theses on Mark Twain’s writing achievement, yet many of them are about the writing style of Bildungsroman, the symbolic meanings of the raft and Mississippi river, the morality and racism color. Whereas few of them ever talked about why Mark Twain wrote so many lies in this novel. Probably because people usually thought that the splendor of this masterpiece will be obscured by the immorality nature of lying. But actually this is no the thing, even Mark Twain himself does’t think lying is an immoral thing. As what he said in his lecture on a meeting of the Historical and Antiquarian Club of Hartford, the essay later published as “On The Decay of the Art of Lying” , he called the art of lying “a Virtue, a Principle...a recreation, a solace, a refuge in time of need, the fourth Grace, the tenth Muse, man's best and surest friend, is immortal” (Twain, “On The Decay of the Art of Lying”). We can see that Mark Twain has a mature understanding about the value of lying and he wanted to share with us his philosophy of lying through Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Therefore, the major task of the paper is to investigate this philosophy of lying in Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
In Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Huck is a person to be admired. His caring attitudes and blunt honesty prove that he is a great person. Although Huck can be seen lying, cheating and stealing, he does these things out of necessity and as a result of his poor upbringing. These negative attributes don’t affect his overall high character.
Low income earners, in the neighborhood, continuously face dwindling health care resources. This is a great concern that has to be addressed and mitigated, failure to which they will continue to get poor quality health care and will also be reluctant to seek health care services over and over again. The poor and the disable within the community are economically unstable which makes them unable to access the existing insurance plan. It is of importance to note that they are the most vulnerable and the marginalized groups of people in the society. They lack economic capacity to access the existing plan making them lack better care as they require (Huntingto...
Limited access to health care for Spanish Speaking populations is due to inability to afford services, difficulty with transportation, dissatisfaction with services, language barriers and inability to understand treatment plans. Health indicators of Spanish Speaking populations suggests that health outcomes continue to be behind other population groups, they also remain below goals established by Healthy People 2010 (Butler, Kim-Godwwin, & Fox, 2008). The US Spanish Speaking population represents a particular vulnerable subset of US Hispanics that have lower-income, less education, poor perceived health status and poor access to the health care System (Dubar & Gizlice, 2008).
Huckleberry Finn’s thinking about telling the truth develops throughout his experiences. In the first chapter of the novel, Huck is describing a book made by Mark Twain which told the truth. There were many things that Twain stretched but mainly told the truth which indicate that the novel might contain a lie: “There was things which he stretched, but mainly he told the truth”(1). Sometimes the truth can be told but can also be a lie. Huck is indicating that that book is going to contain some lies although is a true book: “I never seen anybody but lied, one time or another, without it was Aunt Polly, or the widow, or maybe Mary”( 1). Clearly, Twain is suggesting that a lie is told in the book. After Pap, Huck’s father had kidnapped him and
Huckleberry Finn’s first encounter with deception in the first section of the novel is when he decides to escape his father and fakes his death. In this matter, Huck is able to use props and other commodities to cause people to believe that he was murdered when in actuality Huck was neither murdered nor attacked. The lack of evidence and severe implication of the scene that Huck created led people to believe that Huck had been murdered. He was able to use the presumptive nature of the scene and of people as well as their deductive reasoning to make them be...