Life expectancy has grown over the last 100 years. This leads to a variety of health issues and problems that affect these elder generations quality of life. According to the United States CDC, one in three American adults suffers from hypertension. With so many Americans having high blood pressure it is no surprise that hypertension is one of the most dangerous conditions, leading to death, in the elderly. Doctors often skip directly to subscription, medications to help control elevated blood pressures, but other problems can arise from these medications, like dementia.
Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002954.htm (3) What Causes Heart Valve Disease? (2012, November 15). Retrieved April 9, 2014, from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hvd/causes.html (4) What is Heart Valve Disease? (2011, November 16). Retrieved April 20, 2014, from https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hvd/ (5) U.S. Aortic Stenosis Disease Prevalence & Treatment Statistics.
Introduction Hypertension is a significant health problem due to its very high prevalence and associated risks of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and renal complications (1) In a significant number of patients control of hypertension is difficult,in spite of effective therapy strategies (2,3). Pickering et al. (4) first determined the phenomenon of masked hypertension (MH) to describe the clinical condition of patients with elevated ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) but normal clinical blood pressure(CBP). Most of these patients were not aware of their blood pressure status and so were not receiving antihypertensive therapy (4). These MHT patients presented with target organ damages, as albuminuria and left ventricular hypertrophy.
The type of hypertension that is very rare yet the most severe and most progressive is considered to be malignant hypertension. This type of hypertension can lead to organ damage, if not treated properly then it can become fatal in about 5 years (Types of hypertension, Health24.com). Hypertension affects many organs in the body. It affects one of the most important organs, the heart, but it also affects many other important organs in the body. Some of the organs affected by hypertension are the eyes, the kidneys, the heart, and the brain.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a common disease affecting about 70 million Americans but only about half of those affected Americans have their blood pressure under control. 1 in 3 adults are in prehypertension, which means they are in the blood pressure range that is in danger of obtaining hypertension but the numbers are not quite high enough to diagnose them with the disease. Hypertension diagnosed when a person has tension, or high pressure, in their arteries. The more blood that is pumped into a person’s arteries and the narrower the arteries become, the higher the blood pressure. High blood pressure, if left untreated, has a huge risk into developing into several issues including heart disease and heart attacks.
Consider the following: * African-American patients with a broken arm or leg are less likely to be given pain medication in emergency rooms than white patients with similar injuries and complaints of pain, according to a new study published in the Annals of Emergency Medicine. [Reuters 12/28/99] * African-Americans with symptoms of heart trouble are only about half as likely to be referred for the best testing and treatment as are their white counterparts. [Times-Dispatch 3/31/99; NEJM 2/25/99 ] * African-American cancer patients in nursing homes are severely undertreated for pain - some don't even get aspirin. [NY Times 6/17/98; JAMA 6/17/98] * Black and poor Medicare patients are more likely than others to be discharged from hospitals in unstable condition. [Contra Costa Times 4/20/94; JAMA 4/20/94] * African-American women receive less breast cancer screening than their counterparts of other races.
Approximately 67 million persons in the United States have high blood pressure, and only half of those have their condition under control. An estimated 46,000 deaths could be avoided annually if 70% of patients with high blood pressure were treated according to published guidelines (Patel, Datu, Roman, Barton, Ritchey, Wall, Loustalot; 2014). High blood pressure is called the “silent killer” because it often has no warning signs or symptoms, and many people don’t know they have it. For most patients, high blood pressure is found when they visit their health care provider or have it checked elsewhere. Because there are no symptoms, people can develop heart disease and kidney problems without knowing they have high blood pressure.
Most people who get type 1 diabetes get it before they turn 40 years old (Medical News Today). Type 1 diabetes is not as common as the type 2 and only 10% of people who have diabetes have type 1. Most common people will see that they are suffering from type 2 diabetes. Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 is not because your immune system is attacking the insulin but is because your body simply does not produce the required insulin. 90% of people who have diabetes are diagnosed with type 2 (Medical News... ... middle of paper ... ...ll cause your blood sugars to lower (Mayo Clinic Staff).
Having high blood pressure means that there is a strong force of blood pushing against the artery walls throughout the circulation of the body. Blood pressure usually fluctuates from high to low depending on the situation. However, if it stays high consistently it will cause severe health problems (Johnson, L. 2014). According to cdc.gov, in America alone one in every three adults has high blood pressure, which is about 67 million people. This statistic is very alarming because it reveals the amount of people that can potentially suffer from numerous health problems such as heart attack or stroke, due to high blood pressure.
The study also found that Mexican American women had higher rates of depression than the men in this group. Depression is defined as a feeling of hopelessness.” Depression can be treated with medications like anti-depressants or Beta-Blockers. In some patients the mental illness never dissipates even with the help of