Meiji expansion happened so rapidly that it led scholars to wonder whether imperialism was based on preordained design or on Japan’s reaction to these events as they happened. Was Meiji imperialism the result of long-time planning or a reaction to various unexpected happenings? After examining the debate between qualified scholars in the history of Japan, the unplanned theory best exemplified Meiji imperialism.
Bonnie B. Oh was one scholar that argued that the Meiji expansion was phenomenally rapid. Oh explained that the brief forty-four-year Meiji period “increased Japanese territorial holdings from less than 142,000 square miles of the four main islands to over 242,000 square miles, an increase of more than one and a half times. The colonies of Taiwan and Korea added some 15 million to a Japanese population which was already growing rapidly to almost 50 million by the end of the Meiji period” (Wray 125).
... middle of paper ...
....G. The Rise of Modern Japan. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1990. Print.
Conroy, Hilary and Peter Shin. “[untitled].” The Inernational History Review 16.1
(1994): 159-161. Print. 6 pars. Web. 10 Mar. 2010.
Hirobumi, Ito et al. “Treaty of Shimonoseki: April 17, 1895.” International.ucla.edu.
UCLA Center for East Asian Studies, 29 May. 2008. Web. 10 Mar, 2010.
Hunter, Janet. The Emergence of Modern Japan: An Introductory History since 1853.
London: Longman Group UK Limited, 1989. Print.
Wray, Harry and Hilary Conroy, ed. Japan Examined: Perspectives on Modern Japanese
History. Honolulu: Hawaii UP, 1983. Print.
Zachmann, Urs. China and Japan in the Late Meiji Period – China policy and the
Japanese discourse on national identity, 1895-1904. New York: Routledge, 2009.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Differentiate between a planned change and an unplanned change. Organizational setting, planned change is premeditated, however, unplanned change is a spur-of-the-moment. Organization development consultant work with planned changes, they play a key role in helping organization change themselves. One of the major differentiating traits of planned and unplanned change is the source of the change. Planned change comes from within the organization, usually from the management, however, unplanned change is influenced by factors outside of the organization 's control.... [tags: Management, Organization, Change management]
755 words (2.2 pages)
- Between 1968 and 1912, Japan was going through a reformation called Meiji Restoration in order make the country strong as western countries. It had caused changes in many parts of Japan such as society, government, military, etc. Some of these changes still can be seen in the Japanese society today such as emperors are honored by Japanese citizens and seen as a special figure. Since this reformation had a great impact on development of Japan, it can be consider as a very important part of Japanese history.This study will seek to answer the question: To what extent did the Meiji Restoration succeeded to reform and strengthen Japan.... [tags: Meiji Renovation]
1681 words (4.8 pages)
- Planned Parenthood and women Planned Parenthood provides much important health care to women in the United States. Therefore the Government (State and Federal) should continue to fund the organization. PPFA (Planned Parenthood Federation of America) provides a high variety of service at affordable pricing to women, men, and teenagers. Planned Parenthood has been categorized by some government representatives as an organization that misspend funds as well as some religious systems that oppose abortion.... [tags: Birth control, Pregnancy, Planned Parenthood]
1367 words (3.9 pages)
- Imperialism has not only influenced colonial territories to better themselves or to further the mother country’s realm of power, it also had a significant impact on the people’s culture, education, environment, and political systems. Japan and Britain were two imperial systems that countered each other in many facets but also had strikingly similar qualities that had helped them become strong imperial powers that needed one another to continue their position amongst others. The Japanese empire was an inspirational country to other Asians that spearheaded the fight against the European imperialism.... [tags: British Empire, Imperialism, Empire of Japan]
1089 words (3.1 pages)
- Japan is a society whose culture is steeped in the traditions and symbols of the past: Mt. Fuji, the tea ceremony, and the sacred objects of nature revered in Shintoism. Two of the most important traditions and symbols in Japan; the Emperor and Confucianism have endured through Shogunates, restorations of imperial rule, and up to present day. The leaders of the Meiji Restoration used these traditions to gain control over Japan and further their goals of modernization. The Meiji leaders used the symbolism of the Emperor to add legitimacy to their government, by claiming that they were ruling under the "Imperial Will." They also used Confucianism to maintain order and force the Japa... [tags: Meiji Restoration]
3823 words (10.9 pages)
- Although there are many other important factors, the main cause of the rise of imperialism was most certainly economic. The Age of Empire, by Eric J. Hobsbawn, provides an interpretation of New Imperialism. Hobsbawn calls imperialism “a natural by-product of the international economy” (Sherman pg 177). He is basically saying that imperialism is dependent on the rivalries of competing industries, which continually drive the international economy. Hobsbawn also dictates the need for external markets.... [tags: Imperialism]
459 words (1.3 pages)
- As many people know, Imperialism has shaped the culture and customs all over the world. Imperialism is the dominance of one country over another politically, economically or socially. Western culture can be seen in all parts of the world; from Asia to Africa, to the Indies and the Americans. The downside of having the bits of western culture all over the world, is how it got there. Western influence was forced upon places in Asia, specifically India, Indonesia with a hellacious price; lives and poverty.... [tags: Imperialism]
1275 words (3.6 pages)
- Germany’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is $3 235 billion per capita in comparison to Tanzania’s GDP of $800 per person. This statistic represents the economic impact of European imperialism on Tanzania’s economy in comparison to Germany. The impact of the European countries on their various colonies or former colonies, such as Canada, was based on the early idea of imperialism. The main goals of imperialism were to increase the empire’s standards of living, discover and gain new territory with natural resources.... [tags: Imperialism]
807 words (2.3 pages)
- The Meiji Restoration is regarded as the start of modernization in Japan. The coming of Commodore Perry in Japan converted the nation from feudalism and isolation into a world power by the twentieth century. Japan emulated the model of Western powers by industrializing and expanding its foreign influence. Japan reacted distinctly when challenged by the West. When the United States and European countries were compelling Japan to open its ports to the world in the 1850s, Japan decided to use the West as a model for their own benefit.... [tags: Japanese History, Culture]
762 words (2.2 pages)
- Imperialism Whether for economic, nationalist, or humanitarian reasons, more powerful nations have often interfered with the affairs of weaker nations. These more powerful nations, including the United States, Britain, and several European countries, have in the past exploited less fortunate ones for resources, capital, and knowledge. Yet in return countries located in South America, Africa, and Southeast Asia have gained the technology and capital that, over a period of time and development, improves their quality of life.... [tags: Imperialism Colonization History Essays]
1063 words (3 pages)