Logistics and Sieges of Alexander the Great Essay

Logistics and Sieges of Alexander the Great Essay

Length: 2427 words (6.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Alexander the Great inherited one of the most powerful armies in the ancient world from his father Philip. The army used a unique spear phalanx that was virtually unheard of outside of Macedonia, and the army was well trained and supported. Additionally Philip felt the use of siege weaponry was of great importance and invested in engineers to aid him. Philip even used siege weaponry on the field in battle some times. Philip set the stage for his son to dominate the known world, and even gave him a road map for conquering Asia minor, but an army and siege weapons are only a portion of an armies success. Especially when planning a long protracted campaign far from home.

Alexander’s conquest of Asia was heavily influenced by two very important factors. The ability to logistically supply his army across vast areas and the ability of his engineers to allow him to take cities without long protracted sieges. This allowed Alexander to quickly expand his empire without having to worry about opponents being able to exploit his absence in other areas. Perhaps even more important than siege tactics and improved weaponry were the logistics that allowed Alexander to continue with his campaign without running out of food, water, and fodder for his army. An army is limited in how much food and water can be carried by personnel and animals and must forage or have some logistical support to supply it over a long period.

An average ration for a grown man on campaign with a full load would have been three pounds of grain or something else similarly nutritional and two quarts of water. The animals also needed to be fed and an average for a horse was ten pounds of food and eight gallons of water.1 Alexander was known to disdain wagons and endeavo...

... middle of paper ...

...tics of the Macedonian Army. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1980.

Fuller, J.F.C. The Generalship of Alexander the Great. New Jersey: Quinn & Boden Company, Inc., 1960.

Hacker, Barton. "Greek Catapults and Catapult Technology: Science, Technology, and War in
the Ancient World." Technology and Culture. no. 1 (1968): 34-50. http://uccshes.files.wordpress.com/ (accessed November 19, 2013).

Kostas Kotsanas Museum of the Ancient Greek Technology, "The Siege Technology of the
Ancient Greeks." http://www.kotsanas.com/ (accessed November 3, 2013).

Marriner, Nick, Christophe Morhange, and Samuel Meulé. "Holocene Morphogenesis of
Alexander the Great's Isthmus at Tyre in Lebanon." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. no. 22 (2007): 9218-9223. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25427834 (accessed November 3, 2013).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Alexander the Great: The Campaign of Gaugamela

- ... It didn't allow the Macedonians to run out of supplies and the morale kept steadily high while the Persians faced another debacle. It permitted Alexander to have an important tactical advantage over Darius. As Alexander won battle after battle, the army that faced Alexander was even larger than the one at Issus. . (tactics) The army was reinforced by many new components of his army such as the Sodgians, the Bactrian under the command of Bessus, satrap of Bactria, a relative by blood to the Great King (kittle) supported by auxiliaries from the West of India, the steppes' Saca tribe....   [tags: persians, darius empire]

Free Essays
613 words (1.8 pages)

The Legacy Of Alexander The Great Essay

- “I am not afraid of an army of lions led by a sheep; I am afraid of an army of sheep led by a lion.” (Alexander The Great) The legacy of Alexander the great is a legacy that can be felt and enjoyed by many generations and cultures from all parts of the world. The legacy of Alexander starts with his father King Philip II of Macedon Philip ruled Macedon from 359BC until 336BC. Philip took control of the country when it was virtually on the brink of collapse Philip’s brother had just been murdered in a bloody battle that saw 4,000 Macedonians whipped out....   [tags: Alexander the Great, Macedonia]

Research Papers
1449 words (4.1 pages)

Alexander The Great : Imperial Examples Essay

- Alexander the Great Imperial Examples Alexander with his strategic brilliance and charismatic young leadership went to the edge and back while traversing what he knew of his world, it must have been a different world all of those thousands of years ago. Alexander was born in Pella Greece during the summer months of 356 he lived through the years leading up to 323 BC when he tragically lost his life. “…Alexander was marked out as the crown prince. As the son of Olympias, the blood of the royal house of Epirus flowed in his veins, and he referred his lineage to Andromache and Achilles on his mother’s side, to Hercules on his father’s.” Alexander made great symbolic gestures alluding to of hi...   [tags: Alexander the Great, Achaemenid Empire]

Research Papers
1382 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on The Rise Of Alexander The Great

- ... By the age of 30, he had created one of the largest empires known to man in the ancient world stretching from Greece all the way to northwestern India. Alexander never shied away from his opponents or took the time to worry about what would happen if he was defeated. This mindset was drilled into Alexander and even right when he gained control of his army he opened up his reign with a series of daring attacks on the mighty Persian Empire. With such a boisterous Army, Alexander was able to conquer as much land as he wanted....   [tags: Alexander the Great, Ancient Greece]

Research Papers
908 words (2.6 pages)

The Rise And Fall Of Alexander The Great Essay

- ALEXANDER 1 The Rise and Fall of Alexander the Great Terry L Byrd History 1150 World Civilizations ALEXANDER 2 Alexander the Great Alexander is considered by many to be one of the greatest military figures of the ancient world. He was destined for greatness at an early age by his parents in which his father Philip II the wanted to unite all of Greece’s city states as one Greece. This was also prevalent by his education by the great Aristotle....   [tags: Alexander the Great, Philip II of Macedon]

Research Papers
1896 words (5.4 pages)

Alexander The Great 's Life Essay

- Justin Broussard Sonja Miguez English IV 4th Hour April 3, 2016 Alexander the Great Alexander the Great was born Alexander III of Macedon in a tomb in Macedonian on July 20, 356 B.C (Walbank, 1). He was a blonde with curly hair and dark eyes. His father was King Phillip II and his mother was Queen Olympia, one of King Phillip’s seven wives. Alexander did not have any full siblings, but his father had many other children with his other wives. King Phillip dealt with a lot of military campaigns when Alexander was growing up, so he never really saw his father....   [tags: Alexander the Great, Philip II of Macedon]

Research Papers
1519 words (4.3 pages)

Alexander The Great Essay

- Alexander the Great On July twentieth, 356 B.C. Alexander the Great was born. His Father was Philip, the King of Macedonia. His mother was Olympia, daughter of the late King Epirus. Alexander was quite mature for his age. At 13 he started learning from Aristotle, he was trained with other children. It was at this time that he met Hephastion, his future best Friend. Aristotle gave Alexander training in rhetoric and literature and sparked his Interest in science, medicine, and philosophy, all which became important later In his life....   [tags: Alexander Great Biography History]

Research Papers
708 words (2 pages)

Alexander the Great Essay

- Alexander the Great Alexander accomplished greater deeds than, not only of the kings who had lived before him but also of those who were to come later down to our time .Alexander the Great was born at Pella Macedonia in 356 B.C.E. He spent his childhood years watching his father transforming Macedonia into a great military power. His Father was King Phillip and his mother was Olympias. His mother was the princes of neighboring Epirus. She was a deeply spiritual who taught her son about his ancestors such as Achilles and Hercules....   [tags: History Biography Alexander Great]

Free Essays
1011 words (2.9 pages)

Alexander the Great and The Hellensitic Period Essay

- Alexander the Great sparked what was came to be known as the Hellenistic Period. This was the period after Alexander’s death when the eastern Mediterranean world cultures mixed together with Greek and Near Eastern traditions. Alexander’s aim before his death was to unite the world and its cultures. This brought upon the process of “Hellenization,” meaning Greek-like. Greek traditions had the most impact on larger populations of Egypt and southwest Asia. Those who lived a rural life did not have much interest in the Greek’s way of life....   [tags: Alexander the Great 2014]

Free Essays
379 words (1.1 pages)

Alexander The Great Essay

- Few historical figures stand out in the same degree as that of Alexander the Great. He was a warrior by 16, a commander at age 18, and was crowned King of Macedon by the time he was 20 years old. He did things in his lifetime that others could only dream about. Alexander single-handedly changed the nature of the ancient world in just over a decade. There were many attributes that made Alexander “Great.” He was a brilliant strategist and an inspired leader; he led by example and was a conqueror at heart....   [tags: World History Biography Alexander Great]

Research Papers
1624 words (4.6 pages)