The Life and Work of Leonardo da Vinci, King Henry VIII, and Sir Isaac Newton

The Life and Work of Leonardo da Vinci, King Henry VIII, and Sir Isaac Newton

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Leonardo da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452 in a small Tuscan town called Vinci that was near Florence. Most people know him for his skills as an artist and his many famous paintings. These paintings included the Mona Lisa, The Last Supper, and Virgin of the Rocks. An artist was only one of the activities that da Vinci was good at. He was known as the quintessential Renaissance man. Da Vinci was also a mathematician, inventor, sculptor, musician, and writer. Leonardo is stated to be one of the most diversely talented men maybe ever to be alive. He studied at the studio of Verrocchio in Florence in his younger years. Studying with Verrocchio he was introduced to many different challenges to paint and that ended up diversifying his styles and abilities.
Some of the inventions that Leonardo came up with back then are used today in our modern world such as the helicopter which he sketched hundreds of years before it was invented. Some other inventions that he sketched included a tank, a parachute, landing gears, and air tanks used for scuba diving. These were thought of hundreds of years before they were actually invented and produced. He had all of these ideas and more written down in notebooks that he wanted to publish, although he died before he could get his book of ideas out.
Leonardo was then hired buy the Duke of Milan in1482 to create sculpture and paint. He would also work in the fields of science and architecture. The Duke would have him design new weapons, buildings, and other architecture that has never been seen before. This started a new era for science and architecture. He had so many new ideas for art and new inventions to create that he ended up not finishing most of his work that he started resulting in him finishing only about six works of art in the last seventeen years of da Vinci’s life.
Some facts that you might not have known about Leonardo is unlike most other Italians in the fifteenth century was that he was a vegetarian. He loved animals so much that it was reported that he would buy animals that were caged then set them free into the wild. He was also known to have invented the bicycle long before it was actually produced. Some people have also reported him as a homosexual because he never had a relationship with a woman, no kids, and was thought to have a relationship with Giacomo Salai who was claimed to be a homosexual.

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That was never proven to be true or false though.
Leonardo da Vinci died on May 2, 1519 at the Clos Lucé, a mansion in Amboise, France. Towards the end of his life he lived in Rome where Michelangelo and Raphael were still working. His job he worked for Francis I of France in the king’s Chateau Amboise. Although he painted so much only about thirty of his paintings were actually released for the public to see. The rest were either burned or destroyed before they got out.

King Henry VIII was born on January 4, 1493 in Greenwich Palace. He became King of England on April 21, 1509 at the age of 17. He succeeded his father, Henry VII, and became the second monarch of the House of Tudor. He is most known for separating from the Roman Catholic Church and starting the Church of England in 1553. The main reason for this switch in religions is so that he could be the head of the church like the Pope so he could do whatever he wanted. Although he had changed the church he couldn’t change that he didn’t have a son to take over for him after he died until Jane Seymour, his third wife, gave him a boy.
One of the most known facts about Henry VIII was that he had six wives. His first wife was Catherine of Aragon who gave him a girl named Mary. Since Catherine was getting old King Henry VIII thought that she would not be able to produce him a boy to take over for him so he wanted to get a divorce. Since England was Catholic divorces were not allowed so he had to find away to get out of the marriage. The only way that he could get what he wanted would be to start his own church and put him in charge which led to the Church of England.
His second wife Anne Boleyn also could not give him and son and he had another daughter that was named Elizabeth. Since he had just had a divorce with Catherine he knew that he would not be able to have another one so he made up that Anne was cheating on him with another man. With this story he got Anne beheaded so that he would be free to have another wife. His next wife was Jane Seymour who finally gave Henry what he wanted having a boy named Prince Edwards, later to be Edward VI. The birth gave Queen Jane an infection and see ended up dying on October 24, 1537.
His fourth wife after Jane Seymour died was Anne of Cleves. Once Anne arrived in England King Henry was upset with her unattractive looks and divorced her. Next he married Anne Boleyn’s cousin Catherine Howard who Henry was very happy with. Soon after the marriage she was caught having an affair with Thomas Culpeper and was beheaded like her cousin. This made him very angry and bitter in his later days.
His sixth and final wife was Catherine Parr who he married in 1543. She was a wealthy widow and helped Henry reconnect with his first to daughters and put them in the line for the throne. Catherine argued about religion with King Henry often but he stayed with the church that he set up and did not switch to a protestant religion.
King Henry VIII died on January 28, 1547 at the age of fifty five in part to his obesity. After a jousting accident he could not move around and exercise so he gained a lot of weight. England would remain with the Church of England while Edward VI was king but one his daughter Mary was Queen she changed back to a catholic state. Although while Mary was Queen it was a catholic state, after she died and Queen Elizabeth I took over she changed the religion back to the Church of England, which it remains to be today.

Sir Isaac Newton was born on Christmas day, December 25, 1642 in England. He is known to be one of the most famous scientists of all time. He was one of the first to discover universal gravitation. He showed that all physical objects are affected equally by the same forces. In the field of math he also helped come up with calculus witch most of us have to learn in math class.
Born prematurely, Isaac was so small that it was said he could fit in a quart glass. His father died around three months before Isaac was born. Starting at the age of twelve Newton began his education at The King’s School Grantham until he was 17. In 1659 his mom took him out of school and wanted him to be a farmer. Isaac did not want to do this and later the head of The King’s School convinced his mom to let him finish his education. After his return he was the top ranked student in the school.
Newton attended college at Cambridge University in 1661 where he studied many subjects. He was later hired at the school to teach and lecture until 1696 with a break between 1665 and 1666 due to the plague. After the publishing of his book, the Principia Isaac Newton began to have more of a say in public problems and life which he ended up having a seat in Parliament from 1689-1690 and again in 1701. He then moved to London to serve in the Royal Society of England, which he later became president of in 1703.
While watching an apple fall in Newton’s orchard he began to study the force of motion of the moon and an apple. He also studies the planets and there movement. Later Newton discovered that the planets circulate around the sun rather than the sun rotating around the planets. He was also a chemist; at Cambridge University he began doing many experiments on understanding the structure and the general nature of matter of all things. Newton had written a book that was never published called classical scholia that explained his thoughts philosophy.
Newton’s big hit was the book he published that was broke down into three parts. The first book is about Newton’s laws of motion with his most famous theories in it. Probably the most famous of his theories was that for every reaction, there is an equal and opposite reaction to come with it. The second book he explains the planet motions and other astronomy. In the third and last part of the book he shows heaven and earth with a set of laws.
Sir Isaac Newton died in his sleep on March 31, 1727 in London, England. He is thought to be one of the greatest scientists and one of the biggest geniuses of all time. Newton now has a statue of him at Oxford University and many other remembrances of him through out the world. What Isaac Newton did in his life has got us to the world we live in with technology and much more.

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