Leadership Theory, Situational Leadership, Transactional, And Transformational Approaches

Leadership Theory, Situational Leadership, Transactional, And Transformational Approaches

Length: 1846 words (5.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Leadership Theory
Leadership is one of the few factors that can single-handedly predict organizational success or failure, which is why the topic continues to attract much theory and research. The paper discusses leadership theory by reviewing the main leadership approaches developed in the past six decades including the trait approach, behavioral theory, situational leadership, transactional, and transformational approaches. The analysis highlights the tenets of each leadership approach as well as its strengths and weakness. The paper contributes towards the current understanding of the leadership process and provides leaders with the foundational knowledge they need to evaluate and improve their own leadership approaches.
The Trait Approach
Proponents of the trait approach assume that leaders are born with certain personality traits that separate them from non-leaders. Consequently, trait theorists claim that only a small percentage of leadership characteristics can be acquired. Studies inspired by trait theories attempt to identify the personality and behavioral traits that make leadership successful (Taylor, 2009, p. 41). So far, however, trait studies have not produced a conclusive list of the attributes that define leaders. Nevertheless, scholars agree that successful leaders posses nearly all positive human traits such as confidence, assertiveness, adaptability, dominance, and persistence (Northouse, 2010, p. 22). In addition, successful leaders command a wide range of skills such as social skills, creativity, communication skills, organizational skills and tactful skills. The trait approach to leadership is popular in the military and investigative commissions.
Pros and Cons of Trait Approach
The trait approach has num...

... middle of paper ...

...to acknowledge the impact of situational factors on the outcomes of the model thereby projecting a false impression of a perfect approach.
The discussion of the various leadership approaches reveals that the focus of leadership theory has evolved from describing leader personality and behavior to explaining the interrelationships between leader behavior, situational factors and follower characteristics. While trait and behavioral approaches focus on leader characteristics, situational theories emphasize contextual factors while transactional and transformational approaches focus on both leader and follower behaviors. According to the present research, none of the described leadership approaches can guarantee success in all situations. Consequently, leaders are encouraged to remain flexible and adjust their leadership styles to address situational needs.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Transformational Leadership Is Not Without Limitations Essay

- As with many leadership approaches, transformational leadership is not without limitations. However, LDC will be able to mitigate these limitations in order to deliver an excellent succession planning program. One limitation is transformational leadership covers such a broad range of abilities and concepts that it may be challenging to accurately describe every factor (Northouse, 2016). LDC will focus on the four primary factors of transformational leadership in order to clarify these concepts when coaching and developing UBS employees....   [tags: Leadership, Situational leadership theory]

Better Essays
1402 words (4 pages)

Transformational Leadership Essays

- James MacGregor Burns has defined leadership as “leaders inducing the followers to act for certain goals that represent the values and the motivations – the wants and needs, the aspirations and expectations – of both leaders and followers” (Burns 1978. p.19.) The concept of leadership as a whole encompasses different explanations, theories and leadership styles and has been popular not only from the organizational perspective but in the educational and political context as well. This essay aims to address the key concepts of Transformational leadership which belongs to the more recent approach taken towards leadership....   [tags: Leadership]

Better Essays
850 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on Leadership Styles : Leadership Style

- Leadership Style Have you ever had a leader that inspired you to develop your own leadership traits. “A leader is someone who demonstrates what’s possible” (Mark Yarnell, 2015). There are numerous leadership styles. Each of the numerous leadership styles can be beneficial if utilized in an appropriate means. I have chosen three leaders and their unique leadership styles to discuss in this paper. The unique styles that will be discussed are situational leadership, transformational leadership, and laissez-faire leadership....   [tags: Leadership, Situational leadership theory]

Better Essays
982 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about Leadership And Effective Leadership Style

- "Leadership is the capacity to translate vision into reality - Warren Bennis" Now-a-days, leaders play a key role not only in the development of any organization but also making the organization to take a successful path. Therefore most of the current researchers are focusing on the traits of the leaders and effective leadership style. There are different opinions and notions on the concepts of leadership and its importance in the real world including: if leaders are born or made, do they have to be virtuous (noble and honorable) and do they need to change according to the situation....   [tags: Leadership, Management]

Better Essays
1569 words (4.5 pages)

Leadership Theories Of Leadership Development Models Essay

- Early leadership theories focused on the qualities that distinguished leaders and followers, while later theories considered situational factors, specific skills and interpersonal relationships (Rost, 2007). The Great Man Theory and other trait theories suggest that leaders are born, not made. “Leadership comes from an inherited set of qualities and traits that make some individuals, usually men, better suited for leadership” Northouse, (2007) p. 162). This study will be informed by several leadership development models because no one model can adequately capture the elements of leadership development....   [tags: Leadership, Situational leadership theory]

Better Essays
1184 words (3.4 pages)

Leadership Theory Of A Charismatic Leader Essay

- Charismatic leadership is also known to have a large effect on their followers emotionally. In regards to a charismatic leader, Northouse (2013) stated that "the personality characteristics of a charismatic leader include being dominant, having a strong desire to influence others, being self-confident, and having a strong sense of one 's own moral values" (p. 188). Followers develop a loyalty to charismatic leaders because they can see themselves in the leader and they become emotionally involved in them, these factors tend to make it difficult for them to question them or their ideas....   [tags: Leadership, Situational leadership theory]

Better Essays
1205 words (3.4 pages)

Leadership As A Good Leader Essay

- In conclusion, leadership is critical in the success of an organization or a society, hence effective leadership skills ought to be implement under every circumstance. There are different styles and approaches to leadership and that is why there are several theories of organizational leadership, whereby, every theorist is trying to explain on the expected qualities of a good leader. Following the theories that have been discussed in this paper, there is not a single definition of a good leader, and a good leader incorporates a whole lot of qualities, styles and abilities that should be implemented to bring about a successful leadership....   [tags: Leadership, Situational leadership theory]

Better Essays
1793 words (5.1 pages)

Essay about Definition And Definition Of Leadership

- Applied Learning Paper: Chapters 1-3 In chapter one, the concept and definition of leadership was introduced and according to the text, more than one hundred definitions of leadership have been identified by scholars and academic studies. What is clear is that leadership requires certain skills and traits of an individual that give them the ability to influence others in a way that motivates them to work toward and accomplish a common objective and goal effectively. While most traits seem to be somewhat inborn and natural to most leaders, it is true that others can be taught and develop the skills over time....   [tags: Leadership, Situational leadership theory]

Better Essays
1450 words (4.1 pages)

Leadership : Distributive Leadership And Leadership Essay

- Leadership theories/approaches have gradually evolved overtime. The initial theories began with the traits theory and progressed toward behavior, situational, adaptive, authentic, appreciative, transformational, transactional, servant, shared collective or distributive, and leader-member exchange. Leadership is a challenging and multifaceted process dependent upon numerous aspects such as, situation, personality and relationship of leader and follower, skills and knowledge, environment, and organizational and personal goals....   [tags: Leadership]

Better Essays
853 words (2.4 pages)

Transformational Leadership Essay

- Introduction Leadership is a commodity that is highly valued and highly desired. It can be described both as a trait and as a process. As a trait it has been viewed as a property or a set of possessed character traits by various people in varying levels, limiting leadership to those who are trusted to have unique talents that are inherent and natural. The process context view leadership as a phenomenon that provides a relationship linking leaders and followers availing leadership to everyone (Northouse, 2010)....   [tags: Process, Associated Theories]

Better Essays
590 words (1.7 pages)