The Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) Theory is unique as it was not leader focused, nor was it follower focused. This theory a different approach, as Northouse (2013) stated, the "Leader–member exchange (LMX) theory takes still another approach and conceptualizes leadership as a process that is centered on the interactions between leaders and followers." (p. 161). The theory acknowledges that a leader may will have different relationships with each follower and that it may effect how the leader supports, rewards and interacts with that person. The followers are considered in the 'in-group ' or in the 'out-group ', which is determined by their perspective at work and how they perform, which modifies the kind of relationship they build with the leader.
The 'in-group ' consists of individuals that put in more effort in the workplace, these individuals tend to think outside of themselves and try to consider what would be beneficial to group as a whole to help them reach goals. These types of workers are the people leaders can be more effective with in reaching goals and because of this the leader may reward their tenacity with more responsibilities and opportunities for advancement. The 'out-group ' on the other hand consists of people that are doing the basics, they understand the requirements they have to meet and they do not attempt to exceed those requirements. This group is not treated badly by the leader, they are just not awarded the extra personal attention and opportunities presented to those individuals going above and beyond (Northouse, 2013).
Research surrounding the leader-member exchange theory was used as a tool in leadership making (Graen & Uhl-Bien, 1991). Research showed that...
... middle of paper ...
...gh many different channels such as how many of the students are succeeding, their involvement in the school activities, and more specifically on different changes within student and staff surveys. Involvement from students in a school environment is not only beneficial to the company, but also for the student as the activities may help shape them for success in the future.
The leadership theories discussed have both positives and negatives associated with them, this has been evident in most leadership styles and theories in general, not one single theory has been deemed perfect. However, they all can be very useful when implementing or making changes within an organization. Companies must discern what benefits them and what doesn 't apply to them. Although many of the theory have been extensively researched, they are suggest need for further research.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- LEADER-MEMBER EXCHANGE THEORY Source Leader member exchange (LMX) originated at vertical dyad linkage (VDL) theory about 30 year ago. LMX theory views leadership as a process that focuses on the interactions between a leader and subordinates. The interactions maybe either high quality or low quality that dictates subordinates relationships to the leader. Positive relationship leads to in-group and normal so positive relationship dictates out-group membership (Northouse, 2013). Development The researchers who studied LMX theory were: Graen, 1976; Graen & Uhl-Bien, 1995; Liden, Wayne, & Stilwell, 1993; Anand, Hu, Liden, & Vidyarthi, 2011.... [tags: Leadership, Management, Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud]
1032 words (2.9 pages)
- The Leader-Member Exchange Theory, or LMX, is a two-way relationship between management/supervisors and their employees/subordinates. The theory assumes that leaders use different management styles, leadership styles, and behaviors with each individual subordinate or group of subordinates. The exchange between supervisors and subordinates will be inconsistent between each individual member of the group. A supervisor may be very kind and supportive to one employee/group and be very critical and unresponsive to another employee/group.... [tags: management, transformational leadership]
1652 words (4.7 pages)
- 1. Leader-Member Exchange Model helps leaders and mangers to get the best from their management team members. The model describes how all relationships between managers and subordinates should consist of three different stages. The first stage involves “Role-Taking,” then “Role-Making,” and finally, “Routinization.” “Role-Taking” happens when team members first join the group. Managers use this time to assess new members’ skills and abilities. For example, when I work as a Supervisor at Verizon Wireless Amphitheater, I would help assess the new hires as well as current employees to see where they are succeeding.... [tags: relationships between management and subordinates]
1153 words (3.3 pages)
- The leader-member exchange (LMX) theory focuses on a dyad relationship. This is a relationship between a leader and each subordinate which are considered independent, rather than on the relationship between the superior and the group. Each linkage, or relationship, is likely to differ in quality. Thus, the same leader may have poor interpersonal relations with some subordinates and open and trusting relations with others. The relationships within these pairings, or dyads, may be of a predominantly in-group or out-group nature.... [tags: Leadership, Management, Strategic management]
1181 words (3.4 pages)
- Throughout the semester we discussed multiple focal leadership theories. This included Authentic Leadership, Transformational Leadership, Servant Leadership and Leader-Member Exchange. After spending some time on each style of leadership I felt there was one type of leadership that stood out to me; Authentic Leadership. Authentic Leadership is defined as “a pattern that draws upon and promotes both positive psychological capacities and a positive ethical climate, to foster greater self-awareness, an internalized moral perspective, balanced processing of information, and relational transparency on the part of leaders working with followers, fostering positive self-development” (Walumba, Avoli... [tags: Leadership, Management, Servant leadership]
822 words (2.3 pages)
- LEADER-MEMBER EXCHANGE Salve Aguilar West Coast University Pathophysiology Ms. Joni Gaynor September 25, 2015 Leader-member exchange Han and Jekel’s journal explained how leader-member exchange (LMX) affects job satisfaction and turnover intentions in nursing. They presented some data based from their research studies and formulated the following hypotheses. The first hypothesis states the positive relationship between leader-member exchange and job satisfaction. It expounds that the quality of leader-member exchange relationship increases job satisfaction, task performance and organizational citizenship behaviors.... [tags: Management, Leadership, Employment, Ingroup]
795 words (2.3 pages)
- Han and Jeckel’s article explained how leader-member exchange (LMX) affects job satisfaction and turnover intentions in nursing. They presented some data based from their research studies and formulated the following hypotheses. The first hypothesis states the positive relationship between LMX and job satisfaction. It expounds that the quality of LMX relationship increases job satisfaction, task performance and organizational citizenship behaviors. Subordinates tend to show positive attitude at work if their superiors create a positive working environment too.... [tags: Management, Leadership, Ingroup, Employment]
740 words (2.1 pages)
- There is no agreed-upon definition of leadership. Most definitions, however include some common ingredients: the leader, the team, and the project or purpose. What if the project is not a transactional task but is, instead, one of personal, professional, and/or spiritual development. Does the guide in this type of relationship deserve to be considered a leader. Is mentorship more than just a tool used by leaders, instead constituting its own unique category of leadership. The following review presents a discussion of five articles related to leadership.... [tags: Leadership, Big Five personality traits]
1041 words (3 pages)
- The Continued Analysis of Leadership Case Studies This furtherance is a continued observation of the analysis of the leadership skills and styles of two of the most famous college basketball coaches, Coach Knight and Coach Krzyzewski (Coach K), based on the utilization of path goal theory and the leader member exchange (LMX). The intention of this paper is to evaluate, analyze and further summarize how these two college basketball coaches’ leadership styles integrate the fundamental factors of the path goal theory into their lives on a daily basis.... [tags: Leadership, Management, Coaching, Motivation]
1264 words (3.6 pages)
Supervisor-Subordinate Relationships In Transformational Leadership And Leader-Member Exchange Model Of Leadership: Differences And Similarities
- Both transformational leadership and leader-member exchange leadership theories have been an issue of discussion for many scholars. The majority of authors agree that transformational leaders ‘have qualitatively different and quantitatively greater effects on their followers than the effects of exchange leaders’ (Gupta & Krishnan 2004, p.7). This essay builds on the existing literature about these two theories and will try to draw a parallel between LMX and transformational leadership, i.e. it will reveal the different and similar qualities of supervisor-subordinate relationships.... [tags: Business Leadership Management]
1891 words (5.4 pages)