The project that the language development research team and I are currently working on is children’s demonstration of imitation to different audiences. The purpose of our study is to investigate children’s tendency to overly imitate others’ actions with observed unnecessary and irrelevant components included in their actions. Because children are surrounded by objects that they must learn to use, one of the most efficient approaches children do this is by imitation (Nielsen & Tomaselli, 2010). In contrast to nonhuman primates, human children focus more on reproducing the specific actions used than on achieving actual outcomes when learning by imitating (Nielsen & Tomaselli, 2010). Starting from 18 months of age, children will routinely copy even arbitrary and unnecessary actions, and this puzzling behavior is called overimitation (Nielsen & Tomaselli, 2010).
But why does overimitation occur? There are several explanations for it. According to Lyons, Damrosch, Lin, Macris, and Keil (2011), when children observe an adult intentionally demonstrating on a novel object, they may automatically encode all of the actions as causally meaningful. In certain situations that adults include unnecessary actions in intentional demonstrations, children would still show persistent overimitation (Lyons et al., 2011). Another explanation for overimitation is that children are ignorant of the unnecessary actions’ purposes, so they decide that it is normative to carry all of the steps out (Kenward, Karlsson, & Persson, 2011).
Other research studies also suggest that a variety of factors influence children’s tendency to overimitate. According to McGuigan, Makinson, and Whiten (2011), copying of irrelevant actions increases ...
... middle of paper ...
...med a series of irrelevant actions when demonstrating, without saying anything that indicated that the actions were unnecessary. For the tree, the experimenter inserted the red wooden stick into the bottom of each block and spun the block before putting it on the construction. For the green puzzle box, the experimenter first lifted the white cloth flap without looking into the box in an observable and evident manner, and then knocked at the small door on the upper box for 3 times before opening the door with the doorknob to get the toy. For the house, the experimenter tapped each block on his/her forehead naturally before adding each block to the construction. For the blue puzzle box, the experimenter picked up the yellow wooden stick placed on the hooks of the bottom box and tapped it on the top of the box for 3 times before lifting the mesh to retrieve the toy.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction In today’s global work environment, the likelihood that an employee may become a part of a virtual team is increasing as organizations look for ways to create greater effectiveness and improved operations (Tworoger, Ruppel, Gong, and Pohlman, 2013, p.34). The notion that work might be done in a skyscraper in the heart of a metropolitan city, in a country where the native language is completely different from that spoken by team members at the headquarter office or in one employee’s basement when they work from a home office is not only common but a business necessity (Ubell, 2010, p.... [tags: Team, The A-Team, Communication, Virtual team]
1704 words (4.9 pages)
Analysis of “Behavior Predictors of Language Development over Two Years in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders”
- The scientific study, “Behavior Predictors of Language Development over Two Years in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders,” conducted by Karen D. Bopp, Pat Mirenda, and Bruno Zumbo was published in the Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. This study was conducted in British Columbia, Canada from data retrieved from a database of another study. The goal of this study was to determine if certain types of behaviors often displayed by autistic children before intervention could be predictors of the language abilities they would develop.... [tags: Language ]
1515 words (4.3 pages)
- The purpose of this paper is to analyze the leadership needs to head the development of a diverse team in a global organization. First, cultural assessments tools will be examine regarding their application is assessing the organizational culture. Followed by the effect of the social culture and group diversity will have on the leadership style. Then the influence on workplace results and group productivity by the social culture of the group. Finally, how the social culture and diversity of these individuals will affect the organizational culture.... [tags: Culture, Leadership, The Culture]
1248 words (3.6 pages)
- The involvement in team sports builds good character and social development skills in children. According to LHSAA executive director, Kenny Henderson “Children who participate in sports have heightened self-esteem, social skills, ability to work well with others and more respect.” Young adults who have played team sports are less likely to take illegal drugs. Adults who played sports as children have better social and leadership skills. Sports provide children with experiences and interactions necessary to grow into an adult with good character and sufficient social skills.... [tags: School, children, social development ]
999 words (2.9 pages)
- Neuronal plasticity found in infants, and the learning process has been of keen interest to neurobiologists for some time. How does the brain develop and attain the skills we need as one grows is fascinating. It is commonly understood that a crying infant can only be consoled by his/her mother, and is able to recognize her voice over the voice of a stranger. A number of studies have also been done on the distinct reaction of infants to sounds of their own language versus a foreign language, familiar melodies or fragments of stories they may have heard repeatedly during the fetus stage (Partanen et.... [tags: Fetus Development, Development]
1087 words (3.1 pages)
- Distributed software development (DSD)1 is becoming a common practice in modern software industry [e.g. 1], where the level of distribution can range from team members being located in the same city to those on different continents . The significance of DSD has accelerated because of factors such as improving timetomarket through constant development across different timezones, quick formation of virtual teams and the benefits of business market advantages. These needs have driven the software development efforts further towards a multisite globally distributed environment.... [tags: Technology, Software Development]
822 words (2.3 pages)
- Introduction The aim of the assessment is to research and report on the different roles that language can have in a child’s life. These roles can be seen and heard in language using oral, visual or written communication which integrates with the diversity of many English standards and social classes to form meaning. To demonstrate comprehension to tutors successfully various academic sources were studied including, the unit text. These findings are documented in the body of the report, along with demonstrating the two key stages in which children develop the ability to convey thoughts, feelings and ideas through cultural context spoken amongst family and the community.... [tags: Language, Linguistics, Noam Chomsky, Communication]
1262 words (3.6 pages)
- Introduction Johan Rockstrom is an executive director of the Stockholm Resilience Centre and a professor of natural resource management at Stockholm University. He was an executive director of the Stockholm Environment Institute from 2004-2012. He was born in December 31, 1965. He is a strategist on how Stockholm Resilience can built in to land areas which are lack of water and has published over 100 papers in field ranging from practical land and water use to global sustainability. He is well-known internationally on global sustainability issue.... [tags: Sustainability, Sustainable development]
1266 words (3.6 pages)
- Qualitative Research Used to Aid in Decision Making Detoria M Crawford Research Methods MBA 5652 Student ID# 261503 Columbia Southern University Introduction/ Thesis Organizations tend to lose profits within their companies due to retention and productivity. In today’s workforce Human Resource Departments (HR) use qualitative research to help their managers collect and analyze data. Qualitative research is a multifaceted approach that investigates culture, society and behavior through an analysis and synthesis of people’s words and actions.... [tags: Qualitative research, Quantitative research]
915 words (2.6 pages)
- Models working in the fashion industry certainly do not accurately represent the women and men that they model for (Amed, 2013). While this distortion within the fashion industry persist; exemplifications for modeling the way for business within teams and as a leader has to be precise. Leaders who see themselves as mentors over teams learn to voice and demonstrate an organizations vision and goals and then set those plans into action. Within this article there is an example of one of my business leadership and team experiences where my hands-on learned proficiencies are highlighted.... [tags: Personal Experiences, Models]
1218 words (3.5 pages)