Jean Piaget 's Theory Of Cognitive Development Essays

Jean Piaget 's Theory Of Cognitive Development Essays

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The two theories that will be discussed throughout this paper are Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development and Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development. The major themes and concepts of the two theories share both differences and similarities. Specific emphasis will be placed on the earliest years of life and will also be related to separation, individuation, and attachment theory.
Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development focuses on the concept of schemas and cognitive thought that helps an individual organize knowledge and understand the world in comparison to Erikson’s theory which focuses on conflicts that arise between and within the ego. Accommodation and assimilation occur throughout Piaget’s theory as a result of children changing their schema to adapt. Piaget breaks down his theory in different stages in relation to the age of an individual. The first stage, which happens between birth and 2 years, is the sensorimotor stage. During this stage, infants respond to immediate stimuli, are egocentric, and learn to coordinate sensory and motor activities. Additionally, throughout this stage, there are three cognitive developmental behaviors that infants go through. Object permanency is when infants gain the ability to understand that an object or person exists even if it cannot be observed, stranger anxiety is when infants respond to an unfamiliar person with fear/and or withdrawal, and finally, separation anxiety is when an infant becomes anxious when anticipating separation from parents. The second stage of this theory is the preoperational stage that happens from 2 to 7 years. During this stage, the memory and imagination of the individual are being developed. These help in understanding the difference betwe...


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...ring insecure-avoidant attachment can be challenging for a child and lead to insecurities and the feeling of not being loved and/or wanted. Additionally, the theme of independence is seen throughout both theories and can also be related specifically to insecure-avoidant attachment where the child does not focus his or her attention on the parents but instead looks to the outside world for assistance. Both theories, as well as attachment theory, has an impact on childhood development.
Piaget and Erikson’s theories can both contribute greatly to childhood development. Both theories give a clear understanding of how a child adapts and communicates within their environment. Attachment theory and the idea of separation-individuation can also be intertwined with the theories by contributing to the idea that those involved in a child’s life can also help with development.

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Jean Piaget 's Theory Of Cognitive Development Essay

- Jean Piaget was a successful and inspirational man. He is known all over the world and has contributed to the fields of psychology, sociology, philosophy, and education. Jean was born in Switzerland in 1896 to Arthur Piaget, a professor of literature at the University. He developed an interest in psychoanalysis at the University of Zurich. He was employed at the Binet Institute where he realized through his studies that there are differences in the way children and adults think. Piaget developed four stages of cognitive development....   [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]

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