Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development focuses on the concept of schemas and cognitive thought that helps an individual organize knowledge and understand the world in comparison to Erikson’s theory which focuses on conflicts that arise between and within the ego. Accommodation and assimilation occur throughout Piaget’s theory as a result of children changing their schema to adapt. Piaget breaks down his theory in different stages in relation to the age of an individual. The first stage, which happens between birth and 2 years, is the sensorimotor stage. During this stage, infants respond to immediate stimuli, are egocentric, and learn to coordinate sensory and motor activities. Additionally, throughout this stage, there are three cognitive developmental behaviors that infants go through. Object permanency is when infants gain the ability to understand that an object or person exists even if it cannot be observed, stranger anxiety is when infants respond to an unfamiliar person with fear/and or withdrawal, and finally, separation anxiety is when an infant becomes anxious when anticipating separation from parents. The second stage of this theory is the preoperational stage that happens from 2 to 7 years. During this stage, the memory and imagination of the individual are being developed. These help in understanding the difference betwe...
... middle of paper ...
...ring insecure-avoidant attachment can be challenging for a child and lead to insecurities and the feeling of not being loved and/or wanted. Additionally, the theme of independence is seen throughout both theories and can also be related specifically to insecure-avoidant attachment where the child does not focus his or her attention on the parents but instead looks to the outside world for assistance. Both theories, as well as attachment theory, has an impact on childhood development.
Piaget and Erikson’s theories can both contribute greatly to childhood development. Both theories give a clear understanding of how a child adapts and communicates within their environment. Attachment theory and the idea of separation-individuation can also be intertwined with the theories by contributing to the idea that those involved in a child’s life can also help with development.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Jean Piaget was a successful and inspirational man. He is known all over the world and has contributed to the fields of psychology, sociology, philosophy, and education. Jean was born in Switzerland in 1896 to Arthur Piaget, a professor of literature at the University. He developed an interest in psychoanalysis at the University of Zurich. He was employed at the Binet Institute where he realized through his studies that there are differences in the way children and adults think. Piaget developed four stages of cognitive development.... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
1479 words (4.2 pages)
- ... The child will assume that the world is as it appears to him/her, but does not understand it will appear different in someone else 's eyes. The second stage is Pre-Logical or Intuitive (four to seven years). In this stage, the child will go through trial and error and will lead to intuitive discovery of correct relationships. For example, a plastic bead cannot be the same as a wooden bead. Then, the child will go through the Period of Concrete Operations (seven to twelve years). The child will think logically about experience and manipulate them symbolically in arithmetic operations.... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
1757 words (5 pages)
- ... They are not able to distinguish themselves from their environment and assume that they view the same perspectives as others, this is known as profound egocentrism. They also fail to acknowledge object permanence, in which an object continues to exist even though it is out of sight, for babies however, this awareness is very limited and they only know of which they see. It is only later in the sensorimotor stage that they are able to obtain this knowledge gradually children as they develop general symbolic function, whereby they are able to understand and replicate objects that are not in front of them.... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
864 words (2.5 pages)
- ... Piaget found that infants under the age of six months simply acted as if the toy never existed, out of sight, out of mind. But once they reached the six month, some began to briefly look for the toy, and by eight months nearly all the infants exhibited signs of object permanence and would look for the toy. Until a child reaches ages six or seven, they fall into the preoperational stage of Piaget’s theory. During this stage children are learning to use language, present things with words or images, but cannot yet use logic to combine or transform separate ideas.... [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]
819 words (2.3 pages)
- According to Sigelman & Rider (2012), Justin at the age of 2 was still in Jean Piaget’s sensorimotor stage of cognitive development and had been diagnosed with "static encephalopathy," acute brain damage of an unidentified source. He was very developmentally behind and incapable of walking or speaking just a few words by the time the bulk of kids were proactively searching out toddlers who have started to communicate in sentences. Also, children such as Justin who have been deprived of obtaining adequate love, care and personal attention certainly have noticeably smaller head proportions and smaller brains.... [tags: Jean Piaget, Theory of cognitive development]
1301 words (3.7 pages)
- A central theory of cognitive development was proposed by a Swiss psychologist named Jean Piaget who lived from 1896 – 1980. Piaget was a biologist, philosopher, logician and sociologist, who advanced the knowledge of human beings in their relations to the material and social world (Gainotti, 1997). Piaget’s theories have reoriented current conceptions of the child’s development. Siegler & Ellis (1996) point out that is impossible to understand the field of developmental psychology without understanding Piaget’s ideas and findings.... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
1140 words (3.3 pages)
- Piaget – A Cognitive Developmental Biography For this paper I have decided to write about someone imaginary to associate with Piaget’s Cognitive Development. The reason that I have chosen to write about someone imaginary is because I have not seen every of the stages of cognitive development in someone I know and I do not remember all of mine, so I feel that it would be in my better interest to write about an imaginary person. I will be addressing the following concepts on Piaget’s Cognitive Development: Scheme, Assimilation, Accommodation, Tertiary circular reaction, Object Permanence, Symbolic function substage, Animistic thinking, Intuitive thought substage, Conservation, Seriation, Trans... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
1599 words (4.6 pages)
- Introduction to the Theorist Swiss theorist Jean Piaget is known for his insights into cognitive and developmental theory, later proliferating what is now known as, “genetic epistemology” (Corry 1996). Growing up in Switzerland with his professor father and French mother, Piaget had a profound interest in zoology and the natural world. This resulted in his publishing of various research papers on mollusks by the time he turned fifteen due to sheer curiosity. He sought education in Switzerland at both the University of Neuechatel and later at the University of Zurich (Presnell 2015).... [tags: Theory of cognitive development, Jean Piaget]
1217 words (3.5 pages)
- ... While in Sorbonne, Paris Piaget began his studies on cognitive development. In 1923, he married Valentine Châtenay, and had three children. Piaget continued his studies on child development from 1929-1967, and died at the age of 84 on the 17th of September, 1980. While Piaget observed and studied his three children’s intellectual development from infancy, he theorized sensorimotor is the main stage of infant cognitive development. Piaget then divided the sensorimotor stage into three substages, primary circular reactions, secondary circular reactions, and the final substage tertiary circular reactions.... [tags: Jean Piaget, Child development]
703 words (2 pages)
- The two theories that will be discussed throughout this paper are Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development and Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development. The major themes and concepts of the two theories share both differences and similarities. Specific emphasis will be placed on the earliest years of life and will also be related to separation, individuation, and attachment theory. Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development focuses on the concept of schemas and cognitive thought that helps an individual organize knowledge and understand the world in comparison to Erikson’s theory which focuses on conflicts that arise between and within the ego.... [tags: Developmental psychology, Jean Piaget]
1116 words (3.2 pages)
- The Ghost Gang Bank Robbers
- A Non Verbal Visual And Psychological Mood Connection Within Wes Anderson 's Latest Film Grand Budapest Hotel
- Analysis Of The Article ' Caring Democracy : Markets, Equality, And Justice
- The Nature Of Human Beings
- How Women Objectification Takes A Wrong Turn
- Sermon ( Old Testament Passage )