An infant caregiver needs to be sensitive to each infants needs to respond appropriately. As with parents attachment grows out of sensitivity and once again a synchronous relationshi... ... middle of paper ... ...rk together to encourage attachment, self-help skills, empowerment, pro-social, and self-esteem behaviors from pre-school-aged children in both the pre-school and the home setting. Works Cited Bartlett, K. (2010, September 21). Empowering children with choices. Retrieved from http://theattachedfamily.com/membersonly/?p=2600 Gonzalez-Mena, J.
Family Socialization issue Socialization is another essential function and contents in the process of family communication both in the same and different family of cultural group (Keller, 1998). As, (Newman, 2006), mentioned the structural functionalist perspective point out that the fundamental task of any society is to reproduce itself, to create members whose behavior, desires. It also develop distinct orientation to social action which is characterized of families culture and society (Keller, et al., 1998) . These goals have corresponded to those that the particular society deems appropriate and desirable. According to Benokraitis; “Through socialization children acquire language, absorb the accumulated knowledge, attitude, beliefs, and values of their culture, and learn the social and interpersonal skills they need if they are to function effectively in society
The ideas about and understanding of child and childhood vary greatly across theories and researchers. However, one thing is clear: the role of parents in the smooth and secure development of children can hardly be overstated. Since the first days of lives, children rely on their parents, as they are developing their unique beginning of the social reality. However, these social conceptions are subject to changes, depending on the quality of the child-parent relationships. Central to these relationships is the concept of attachment.
This system is how the child responds to situations when their secure base is around. Lastly, is the internal working model, which is how the child views the world in addition to their relationships (Stalker & Hazelton, 2008). Carol Stalker and Rosemary Hazelton (2008) believed that attachment theory is appropriate for all clients especially those who experience maltreatment. Attachment theory supports the idea that psychological problems or disruptions are in congruence with early caregiving relationships; and based on the primary caregivers’ rapport with the child; he or she will develop a positive or negative pattern of attachment that will be present through adulthood if not rehabilitated (Stalker & Hazelton, 2008). Therefore, the primary goal of the attachment theory is to provide the child with a secure base to appropriately attain a sense of security to pattern proper social and emotional interpersonal relationships into adulthood (Stalker & Hazelton,
Also, if the child’s needs are not completely fulfilled, the child may develop an insecure attitude (Romero). In the second stage, Erikson argued that the challenge is to establish autonomy vs. shame. In this certain stage, parents begin to help children take some personal responsibility, such as toilet training, feeding, and dressing. A Toddler realizes that they are a ... ... middle of paper ... ...in their child’s life. Children can bring hope to the world because they are simply the future.
A child with a secure attachment will express it through their attitude, behavior and health. A child who has a secure attachment usually plays well with other children their age. They may cry when their parents leave, but will settle down to a ... ... middle of paper ... ...n their caregivers the most. The way that a caregiver takes care of an infant determines the attitude, health and behavior of a child in their toddler and preschool years. It is a caregiver’s responsibility and duty to help a child develop secure attachments by doing everything necessary to meet the needs of a child.
This is a vital stage in the development process. In any relationship being needy and having our needs met and attended to provide a sense of security. This is where the psychological phase begins. Infants can identify the difference in a stranger and their caregiver, down to the point of being able to distinguish their primary caregiver from their secondary caregiver. Stranger anxiety helps to develop cognitive development.
However, a significant minority also struggles from early stages of their lives up to adolescence and are prone to be unfocussed, destructive, disruptive, withdrawn and controlling later in adulthood (Cleveland, Quas & Lyon, 2016). Attachment is a critical aspect of the psychological welfare of children because it forms the foundation on which the development of personality and socialization are built (Wood, Lee & Lipper, 2010). Early care-giving that is characterized by secure attachment has a considerable and enduring impact on a child’s development, the ability to regulate emotions, capacity to learn and develop satisfying relationships. Therefore, it is imperative that parents and policy makers are made aware and constantly reminded that human beings develop from childhood through their relations with other people and interacting with their physical environments such as neighborhoods and schools (Waters & Cummings, 2010). Ideally, psychologists assert that the impacts of early life experiences on psychological development cannot be ignored.
Not only that, but some parents are not patient enough to manage and understand their child’s differentiating temperament (Understanding “Goodness of Fit”). How a child reacts in certain situations depends on their temperament, and the same goes with their parents. A parent’s temperament affects the way in which they raise their children. Since each and every parent has a different temperament, they respond differently to their children. The way in which parents control their children’s behavior by using their characteristic tactics is called parenting styles (Boyd & Bee, 2011).
Infants can begin to make links between their basic needs and desires and how to have them satisfied. Attachment theorists have a negative view about childcare programs. They believe the most delicate age for infants and their growth begin at six months. It is a crucial age for... ... middle of paper ... ...s and is not damaging to the infant’s development. Infants will find secure bases in other relationships as long as they surround themselves consistently and for long durations of time.