International Stigma Conference ( ISC) brings together over 500 researchers, mental health professionals, policy makers and service users interested in stigma and discrimination, to discuss effective interventions to reduce stigma and discrimination against those with mental illness (Mental Health Commission of Canada, 2012.) According to the report published from the 5th annual International Stigma conference mental illness is a universal problem. The stigma associated with it prevents two-thirds of those who experience mental illness from seeking help. Stigma, refers to the negative attitudes toward people with mental illness, and the negative behaviors that result is a major barrier preventing individuals from asking for support and, often, preventing support from being readily available. Stigma can limit people’s employment, housing and educational opportunities isolate them from friends and family who might otherwise provide crucial support. It is often internalized by those with mental illness, further isolating them (Mental Health Commission of Canada, 2012.)
The Consumer/Survivor/Ex-patient movement (C/S/X) focuses on identity politics, which refers to political arguments that focus upon the self-interest and perspectives of social minorities, or self-identified social interest groups ( Chamberlain, 1990) Not all members of any given group are necessarily involved in identity politics. The C/S/X in particular, is a diverse organization of individuals who either currently access mental health services (known as consumers, ) or those who consider themselves survivors of interventions by psychiatry, or who identify themselves as ex-patients of mental health services (Chamberlain, 1990.) Chamberlin defines...
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...the Quality of Psychiatric Care. Eval Rev June. 21(3 )pp. 357-36
Chamberlin,J. ( 1990) The Ex-Patients' Movement: Where We've Been and Where We're Going- National Empowerment Center. The Journal of Mind and Behavior. 11(3) . 323-336
Chamberlin, J. (2005). User/consumer involvement in mental health service delivery. Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale, 14(01), 10-14.
Corrigan, P. W., River, L. P., Lundin, R. K., Penn, D. L., Uphoff-Wasowski, K., Campion, J. & Kubiak, M. A. (2001). Three strategies for changing attributions about severe mental illness. Schizophrenia bulletin, 27(2), 187.
CRCT. About the CRCT. Community Resources Connections Toronto. Retrieved from http://www.crct.org/about/mission.cfm. accessed 24/01/14
Finkler, L. (2009). Mad Pride: A movement for social change. Consumer/Survivor Information Bulletin, 398, 2-3.
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