This assignment is to discuss abnormality in mental health and the medical models used to diagnose mental disorders namely depression and eating disorders, why these models can be unreliable and theories behind what causes these disorders, whether it be environmental (nurture) or hereditary (nature) and how different cultures and societies can have an impact on diagnosing these disorders.
Mental health is an integral part of our overall health and daily to day activities. According to WHO (World Health Organization), mental health is "a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community". on the contrary, one may experience a significant distress, disability and psychological dysfunction unable to function daily routine activities when mental illness or mental disorder is imminent. although mental disorders have been associated with the the impact on one’s health and wellbeing, it is also have a considerable economic burden when assessed in terms of unemployment
Mental illness can be described as a behavioral or mental pattern that may cause suffering or a poor ability to function in life. Social stigma plays a vital role in this disease as it can make mental health problems worse, as well as making it harder for the individual to recover; resulting in a person not seeking the help that they need. There are many structural levels of mental health such as the labelling, discrimination, emotional and stereotypical aspects of a person's mental illness condition. Modern day anti-stigma studies have shown that biogenetic and psychosocial methods have aided in the ultimate goal of properly treating mental illnesses. Mental illness has been associated with biogenetic methods/treatments as a means of finding
To establish why a working partnership between the service user and practitioner is needed it is important to note that there have been many changes in mental health services since the 18th century when service users were labelled ‘lunatics’, shackled and treatment included beatings and being put on public display (The Open University, 2010g, p.94). This no longer happens but current legislation still focuses on controlling risk instead of considering a holistic approach where the whole person is considered. This can result in the service user not being included in decisions about their care, not given treatment options and sometimes being detained without consent (The Open University, 2010h, p.111). May (in the Open University, 2004b) is a practitioner and ex-service user, he states that me...
The biopsychosocial model (BPS) is a framework used to systematically consider the interactions between biological, psychological and social influences on human functioning, in the context of a person’s disease or illness (Boundless Psychology, 2016). This integrated approach suggests that health and sickness overlap and can be best understood by looking at the multiple combinations of these influences and how they interact and affect a person’s health and wellbeing (Wade, 2009). This assignment will aim to discuss the BPS model, describe the different perspectives within the theory and demonstrate how they apply to patient care. In order to do this, a case study of a person with a chronic health condition will be introduced and the factors
PRP: After reading these two articles, revisit objective #3 in the text, take a look at a bigger index of the DSM-IV for yourself at http://allpsych.com/disorders/disorders_alpha.html and respond to these questions:
Chapter eleven titled, Users of mental health services, explorers the different ways in which those to hare recipients of mental health services can be understood sociologically. It is important to note that these are not merely different perspectives. They reflect the changing role of psychiatrists’ patients in mental health services in a wider social life. A shift throughout more than 30 years considers all spectrums from patient to provider, emphasizes this point. The wider social and cultural influence of users, within and beyond health service provision, is also looked at, particularly in relation to the contested formation of the mental health users’ movement. (first page)
Poverty is one of the most disadvantaging features to mental illness. Poverty results from variety of inequalities. For instance, unemployment, lack of access to education and low income contribute to poverty (The human face). Income is a person’s main source for support of basic living needs. Consuming nutritional food and clean water, living in a safe housing, affording weather appropriate clothing and personal hygiene are all tied to a person’s level of income. Therefore, one could argue these factors could be connected with a person’s mental health issues. For example, living in an expensive city like Vancouver, individuals suffer from low minimum wage and the high cost of living which may lead to more stress in their
The issue of mental health has long been an object of study for society, the psychiatric professions and sociology has similarly had a long tradition of offering theoretical insights into the phenomenon. Why this might be is open for debate and many of the key sociological theories in relation to mental health
Environmental factors: The wider sociocultural and geopolitical environment in which people live can also affect an individual’s, household’s or community’s mental health status, including levels of access to primary commodities and services (water, essential health services, the rule of law), exposure to predominating cultural beliefs, attitudes or practices, as well as by social and economic policies formed at the national level. (WHO, 2012, p.
It is generally accepted within healthcare that to understand mental health we must adopt the biopsychosocial model. This model assumes that an interdependent relationship exists between biological, psychological and social factors which are involved in all aspects of mental health (Toates, 2010, p. 14). To be true to the model research must be holistic and not investigate the factors in isolation.
The following essay will begin by demonstrating what is understood by the concept of mental health. It will attempt to identify different explanations for the underlying issues causing mental illnesses and it will then centre around a case study focusing specifically on one mental health problem. A description of what the causes and effects of the chosen illness will be given and information on the available treatment will be presented. To round up the assignment a brief explanation of the chosen case study will be included with an attempt to distinguish the common issues identified and how they relate to the literature information provided throughout. In this assignment, the case study chosen will target depression.
Although mental illnesses are challenging to define and effectively diagnose, the absence of psychological conditions can usually be established upon examination, whereas social features are subject to daily change. With no explanation of the meaning of ‘social well-being’, significant discrepancies in health status may be reported, demonstrating the ambiguity associated with social health.