How can at least two elements of the SEEP model be used to explain why it is important to look at more than just biological factors to understand mental health problems? Biological factors play a significant part in mental health these could be inherited genes, and predispose a person to be more likely to have mental health problems. Although Biological factors should not be dismissed, they are not the only way to explain mental health problems. This assignment will be addressing the social and environmental elements of the SEEP model (The Open University, 2015a) SEEP focuses on four factors that all contribute towards a person’s mental health, Social, environmental, emotional and political and how this model can be used to explain why it …show more content…
(The Open University, 2015b). Looking at the language used in mental health and how this can change and shape people’s perspectives, for instance, the term ‘patient’ indicates that a person is ill. Once again this is taking on a biomedical approach, and the biomedical perspective are a result of physical or chemical malfunction in the brain (The Open University, 2015c) There are debates over the language used within mental health on how to refer to people, moving towards the terms ‘service user’ or ‘client’ which takes the focus away from an illness and more of a service being given and …show more content…
Seep is a framework made up of four factors, to analyse how mental health is shaped by the wider community, and how they can all contribute towards a person’s mental wellbeing. Social factors are one of the elements of the seep model, this focuses on the lifestyle of a person and their social status. Therefore, looking at their friends, family, and colleagues, do they have these relationships to give them a support network? Are these relationships causing conflict, does the person feel connected or isolated and lonely? (The Open University, 2015
It is generally accepted within healthcare that to understand mental health we must adopt the biopsychosocial model. This model assumes that an interdependent relationship exists between biological, psychological and social factors which are involved in all aspects of mental health (Toates, 2010, p. 14). To be true to the model research must be holistic and not investigate the factors in isolation.
To establish why a working partnership between the service user and practitioner is needed it is important to note that there have been many changes in mental health services since the 18th century when service users were labelled ‘lunatics’, shackled and treatment included beatings and being put on public display (The Open University, 2010g, p.94). This no longer happens but current legislation still focuses on controlling risk instead of considering a holistic approach where the whole person is considered. This can result in the service user not being included in decisions about their care, not given treatment options and sometimes being detained without consent (The Open University, 2010h, p.111). May (in the Open University, 2004b) is a practitioner and ex-service user, he states that me...
The concept of health and illness being separated into two models provides indication into the two very different but integral paradigms of how to treat patients deemed as needing care. These two models (known as the Biomedical Model and the Psychosocial Environmental Model) classify diagnosis, treatment and care in different ways which some actually share the same purpose. It is important in today’s society to be open to both models as both are used in all practices based on their similarities and their differences as they are able to “provide complimentary explanations rather than competing ones.”(Gilbert, L, Selikow, T & Walker, L., 2009:3).
This assignment is to discuss abnormality in mental health and the medical models used to diagnose mental disorders namely depression and eating disorders, why these models can be unreliable and theories behind what causes these disorders, whether it be environmental (nurture) or hereditary (nature) and how different cultures and societies can have an impact on diagnosing these disorders.
Recurrent brief depression is caused by a combination of factors including biological, social, sociocultural, and psychological dimensions (Sue and Sue 2013). The different interactions of these dimensions can result in depression. The biological dimension is inherited from our parents and could potentially be traced back to the beginning of one’s lineage. It includes our genetics, brain anatomy, biochemical imbalances, central nervous system function and autonomic nervous system reactivity (Sue and Sue 2013). Depression has a strong hereditary component, so if someone in your family suffers from depression, then you are at a higher risk of getting it (Cohen-Woods, Craig, and McGuffin 2013). There is not one gene that leads to depression; instead there are multiple genes that interact with each other and the environment that can lead to the vulnerability of developing of depression (El Hage, Powell, Surguladze, and McGuffin 2013).
Environmental factors: The wider sociocultural and geopolitical environment in which people live can also affect an individual’s, household’s or community’s mental health status, including levels of access to primary commodities and services (water, essential health services, the rule of law), exposure to predominating cultural beliefs, attitudes or practices, as well as by social and economic policies formed at the national level. (WHO, 2012, p.
However the eastern culture has a tendency to ignores the aspect of mental health, which may be one of the reasons why a great amount of the population are unaware of the mental health disorders. Deeming mental health illnesses as an unknown aspect of health contributes to the stigma that is evident in societies. By taking community health nursing, and psychological disorders in the same semester, I was able to relate the stigma associated with mental health with social determinants of health such as income, employment, social exclusion, and housing. Social determinants of health are factors that can act as barriers to improving health, or factors that support health. For instance, if an individual is severely depressed and is unable to get out of bed to go to work, the individual will lose his/her job. Upon losing one 's job, the individual may not have a source of income, and may not have the means to have housing and is then evicted. This individual may or may not have the social support to receive assistance in this crisis, which can lead to homelessness or substandard housing. This is the unfortunate reality of what individuals with mental health illnesses, as well as physiological disorders may
There is a worldwide epidemic that is not only affecting our physical body, but our psychological state as well. Just like the human body can get physically sick, the chances of being mentally ill have never been higher. Mental illness is any disease of how the mind works. It is the psychological state of when a person has emotional or behavioral problems that are serious enough to require medical treatment. Clinical depression is of the most common of mental illnesses around the world. When compared worldwide; the rates of depression are higher in developed countries compared to developing countries. Depression is more prominent in developed nations due to income inequality, affluence of society, and level of awareness. Structural functionalism explains the proximate determinant of the increase prevalence of depression in developed countries.
Mental illness can be described as a behavioral or mental pattern that may cause suffering or a poor ability to function in life. Social stigma plays a vital role in this disease as it can make mental health problems worse, as well as making it harder for the individual to recover; resulting in a person not seeking the help that they need. There are many structural levels of mental health such as the labelling, discrimination, emotional and stereotypical aspects of a person's mental illness condition. Modern day anti-stigma studies have shown that biogenetic and psychosocial methods have aided in the ultimate goal of properly treating mental illnesses. Mental illness has been associated with biogenetic methods/treatments as a means of finding
Poverty is one of the most disadvantaging features to mental illness. Poverty results from variety of inequalities. For instance, unemployment, lack of access to education and low income contribute to poverty (The human face). Income is a person’s main source for support of basic living needs. Consuming nutritional food and clean water, living in a safe housing, affording weather appropriate clothing and personal hygiene are all tied to a person’s level of income. Therefore, one could argue these factors could be connected with a person’s mental health issues. For example, living in an expensive city like Vancouver, individuals suffer from low minimum wage and the high cost of living which may lead to more stress in their
The issue of mental health has long been an object of study for society, the psychiatric professions and sociology has similarly had a long tradition of offering theoretical insights into the phenomenon. Why this might be is open for debate and many of the key sociological theories in relation to mental health
The World Health Organization (WHO) highlights mental health as an important health issue through it’s overarching definition of health as a “state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (1)." Mental health can be defined as the position in which a person is at an optimal level of psychological, social and emotional wellbeing (2). It is important to note that these definitions are framed within a health lense and it is necessary to understand that health is influenced by broader social determinants (Buse et al.
Mental health is an integral part of our overall health and daily to day activities. According to WHO (World Health Organization), mental health is "a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community". on the contrary, one may experience a significant distress, disability and psychological dysfunction unable to function daily routine activities when mental illness or mental disorder is imminent. although mental disorders have been associated with the the impact on one’s health and wellbeing, it is also have a considerable economic burden when assessed in terms of unemployment
Although mental illnesses are challenging to define and effectively diagnose, the absence of psychological conditions can usually be established upon examination, whereas social features are subject to daily change. With no explanation of the meaning of ‘social well-being’, significant discrepancies in health status may be reported, demonstrating the ambiguity associated with social health.
The biopsychosocial model (BPS) is a framework used to systematically consider the interactions between biological, psychological and social influences on human functioning, in the context of a person’s disease or illness (Boundless Psychology, 2016). This integrated approach suggests that health and sickness overlap and can be best understood by looking at the multiple combinations of these influences and how they interact and affect a person’s health and wellbeing (Wade, 2009). This assignment will aim to discuss the BPS model, describe the different perspectives within the theory and demonstrate how they apply to patient care. In order to do this, a case study of a person with a chronic health condition will be introduced and the factors