The United States (U.S.) Congress is responsible for the management and oversight of all U.S. intelligence agencies. The U.S. Congress authorizes funds for intelligence programs (Rosenbach and Paritz¬¬, “Confrontation or Collaboration” 18). As of today, the two congressional committees responsible for intelligence oversight are the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI), and House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (HPSCI). The congressional committees were first established in the 1970s. Although the intelligence committees are in direct support of the intelligence communities, there have been controversies and confrontation between the two. These confrontations have affected the relationship between the two entities. From World War II (WWII) to the end of the Cold War, intelligence flaws contributed to reforms being implemented, however not all of the reforms worked. Reforms seldomly assist and most of them were disregarded. The reforms implemented, contributed significantly to the intelligence community. These reforms have shaped how the intelligence community conduct intelligence activities and contributes significantly to the policy and guidance for intelligence activities. By understanding the policy and procedures and how they came about in the intelligence community, individuals will be able to identify the important role intelligence plays in national security.
2. Congressional Oversight
The Watergate Scandal involved individuals wiretapping phones and stealing secret documents inside the office of the Democratic National Committee (DNC).On June 17 1972 the individuals were caught and they were connected to President N...
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...cting, analyzing, and disseminating of intelligence to the United States Government. It gives Congress the ability to make sure the intelligence agencies within their jurisdiction are abiding by the policies and laws set forth by the United States and the United States Constitution.
Major Reforms in the Intelligence community are, unfortunately, a result from mishaps, flaws, and unforeseen events. However these incidents have only contributed and improved our intelligence activities and procedures.
There are some instances whereby the U.S. made improvement in the intelligence community without it resulting from an intelligence mishap. The U.S. have the capabilities to improve its intelligence community and this should be an ongoing procedure in order to protect itself against the four counterintelligence threats: terrorism, espionage, sabotage, and subversion.
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