Individualism : Individualism And Collectivism Essay

Individualism : Individualism And Collectivism Essay

Length: 1077 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview


Individualism and Collectivism

In the diverse world in which we live, each country has its own identity and culture. In fact, a culture has its own languages, traditions, customs and social particularities. We can therefore assume that the relationships between individuals change from culture to culture because of cultural distinctions such as impressionism and individualism. Indeed, in a collectivist culture, individuals see themselves as a part of a group, while in an individualist culture individuals are independents from the community. Therefore explaining the differences between a collectivist and an individualist culture with the examples of the United States and the Ivory Coast can help any sociology class student to understand how individuals interact with the society depending on the culture.
Obviously, a collectivist culture differ from an individualist culture in terms of moralities. In The Ivory Coast for example, unity and selflessness prevail. In other words, individuals have a deep feeling to belong to a group, and share the same norms and values with the group to which they belong. Marcia Finkelstein in her study “Individualism/Collectivism and Organizational Citizenship Behavior: an Integrative Framework’’ reports that “collectivists define themselves in relation to the group’’(1635). Instead, in The United States, individuals are independents and rely on themselves. In the same study, Maria Finkelstein notes that “Fundamental to the individualist perspective is a focus on autonomy, independence and self’’ (Oyserman, & Kemmelmeier, qtd. in Finkelsein 1635). Clearly, individuals are expected to be autonomous, and to stand on their own. As a result, the public spirit of the collectivist culture contrasts the s...


... middle of paper ...


... most teenagers tend to look for a job and a place to live on their own. The strong family bond in a collectivist culture is not as strong as the one that we can find between members of a family in an individualist culture because individuals in each culture have a specific way to interact and behave in their personal lives
To sum up, an individualist and a collectivist culture are different in terms of rights, life goals in the work environment, moralities, and personal life. The examples of he Ivory Coast and the United States illustrate these differences, and help to understand how individuals interact with the society. However, it would be more appropriate to say that not all cultures are purely collectivist or individualism. Sometimes, individual can decide to either act as an individualistic or as a collectivist depending on the situation and circumstances.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Individualism And Collectivism Essay

- Culture forms the framework for our thoughts and behavior and is defined as sets of values and principles individuals have about how nature and society work, as well as the norms of behavior, derived from that set of values (Gorodnichenko & Roland, 2014). According to Heine (2012), cultures that are individualistic include a variety of customs that encourage individuals to place their own personal goals ahead of those of the collective. In contrast, cultures that are collectivistic include many cultural practices, institutions, and customs that encourage individuals to place more emphasis on collective goals....   [tags: Collectivism, Culture, Individual, Individualism]

Better Essays
1230 words (3.5 pages)

Essay On Individualism And Collectivism

- The Mental Effects on Individualism and Collectivism Ideology Individualism and Collectivism are two well-known theories in sociology that is most commonly used when dealing with one’s culture, core beliefs and core values. The cross-culture of individualism and collectivism some benefits; however, these two ideologies have some flaws that must improve. These two cross-culture ideologies have psychological application that can affect our minds and can result to mental illness such as suicide, depression, anxiety disorders, unhealthy relationship and other more, that can result to a big problem in our society, for it has a lot of negative effects in someone’s mind....   [tags: Sociology, Collectivism, Individualism]

Better Essays
1108 words (3.2 pages)

Essay On Collectivism And Individualism

- Polar Bears and Penguins: Collectivism vs. Individualism “Altruism — the sacrifice of self to others. This tied man irrevocably to other men and left him nothing but a choice of pain: his own pain borne for the sake of others or pain inflicted upon others for the sake of self.” This dramatic definition of altruism, from The Soul of an Individualist by Ayn Rand, provides a backdrop for similar ideologies. Along the same philosophical vein, one can examine the principles of collectivism, a way of life that puts priority on a group instead of a single member....   [tags: Ayn Rand, Collectivism, Individualism, Morality]

Better Essays
806 words (2.3 pages)

Individualism Or Collectivism Essay

- Mark Twain once said, “A round man cannot be expected to fit in a square hole right away. He must have time to modify his shape.” This quote revolves around the idea of conformity. Conformity or collectivism is the tendency to align attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors with those around you. It's a powerful force that can take the form of overt social pressure or subtler unconscious influence. As much as people think of themselves as individuals, the fact is that we're driven to fit in, and that usually means going with the flow....   [tags: Separation of powers, Individualism, United States]

Better Essays
1684 words (4.8 pages)

Essay about Individualism And Collectivism Are Conflicting Beliefs

- Individualism and collectivism are conflicting beliefs with the nature of humans, society, and the relationships between them, however, these ideologies are not diametrically opposing since both are essential towards balancing beliefs from becoming extremes. The first source represents the idea of collectivism and suggests that the society must focus on moving their viewpoint from ‘me’ into ‘we’ in the interest of survival and progression. This perspective presents the idea that the individual’s advantage belongs not only to the person, but to the group or society of which he or she is a part of, and that the individual’s values and goals are for the group’s “greater good.” Likewise, Karl Ma...   [tags: Karl Marx, Communism, Sociology, Liberalism]

Better Essays
1133 words (3.2 pages)

Individualism and Collectivism Culture Theories Essay

- Individualism and Collectivism are two accepted theories that are commonly used when dealing with one’s culture and political views. According to Kemmelmeier, H. M. and Coon, Individualism and Collectivism concepts has been used to “depict, clarify, and envision divergence in people’s opinion, behavior, principles, attribution, self perception, socialization, and communication.” Nonetheless, individualism and collectivism has shared some mutual views as well as incongruous stances on humanity, the disposition of human beings, the affiliation of society and the characteristics of people in the individualistic culture....   [tags: Culture ]

Better Essays
1366 words (3.9 pages)

Essay about Collectivism, Individualism, And Individualism

- I. INTRODUCTION A. Establishing the need 1. There are many reasons as to why collectivism and individualism an important topic to discuss. Many discussions could be had on the complex differences between cultures within America and within the greater international community, but the dichotomy of collectivism and individualism appears to be a common way to categorize cultures based on their worldviews (Hwang, 2005). 2. These cultural differences often can complicate different functions of society, including education....   [tags: Individualism, Individual, Understanding]

Better Essays
865 words (2.5 pages)

Individualism or Collectivism in Society Essay

- Debate Question: Which ideological group has had the greatest impact on modern society. Individualism or Collectivism. Terms: Individualism-> when you value the freedom and worth of the individual, sometimes over the security and harmony of the group or a belief in the importance of the individual and the virtue of self-reliance and personal independence Collectivism-> is basically when you think that values and the goals of the group and the common good over the goals of any one individual are the most beneficial....   [tags: Society]

Better Essays
1159 words (3.3 pages)

Essay On Individualism And Collectivism

- Individualism and Collectivism- Mexico is aiding to be both individual and collective when it comes to culture. Individualism characteristics include emphasizing individual rewards, goals and often spend little to no time in group decision making. Collectivism is just the opposite, it is “tend to follow the perceived dreams and goals of the group as a matter of duty and obligation” (Candor, 2013 pg. 45)“Mexicans see themselves as extremely independent individuals, and it is essential to honor that, but there is also a strong element of group-dependence in the culture” (Robbins, 2015) They prefer to not do business with “outsiders” instead they strengthen personal bonds by displaying respect...   [tags: The Culture, Culture, Mexico, Culture of Mexico]

Better Essays
1814 words (5.2 pages)

Contrasting Individualism and Collectivism Essay

- Individualism-collectivism Lukes (1973) first introduced the constructs of collectivism and individualism. Collectivism centers on the collective group and values interdependence, whilst individualism centers on the individual and values independence (Luke,1973). In a literature review, Triandis (1993) introduced the idea of collectivism and individualism as `cultural syndromes´. He identifies a cultural syndrome as the tendency of little within-group variance for cultural elements such as values, norms and beliefs within a group which also shares language and geographical location, when these elements centre on a particular theme....   [tags: culture, uniqueness, conformity]

Better Essays
639 words (1.8 pages)