Inca Civilization Essay

Inca Civilization Essay

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This paper discusses the development of a civilization defining its ten characteristics it will define why this civilization developed. For this purpose, the civilization of the Incas from South America has been selected; however, this paper will focus on a particular people of this civilization that lived in Machu Picchu. The civilization of the Incas lived on the territory of South America, in an area now occupied by the modern Peru. The capital has been located in the city of Cuzco. The name "Inca" is not given by self-people, but Europeans mistakenly gave it since the local tribes called their supreme ruler, and came to their land the Spaniards came to be called as the whole nation (Abbott & Wolfe 2003). This unique culture has existed as a unit until the 1780-1782 periods (Velasco, 1992).
Machu Picchu belongs to ancient America, it is on top of a mountain ridgeline at an elevation of 2450 meters, dominating the valley of the Urubamba. In addition, Machu Picchu is often referred to as the "city in the sky" or "city in the clouds", sometimes called "the lost city of the Incas. " Some archaeologists believe that this town was established as a sacred mountain cabin great Inca ruler Pachacutec a century before the conquest of his empire that is, about 1440, and operated until 1532, when the Spaniards invaded the territory of the Inca Empire. In 1532, all the inhabitants mysteriously disappeared. Similar to Machu Picchu mountain city lasted much longer, up to 1570s.

CITIES, WITH DENSE, NUCLEATED DEMOGRAPHIC CONCENTRATIONS
At the head of the state Novoinkskogo was the son of Manco II - Sairee Tupac. During his reign expanded the boundaries of the state to the upper reaches of the Amazon, and the population increased to 80 thousand...


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...(1985). The Vertical Dimension and the Growth of Andean Civilization. In The Andean Past: Land, Societies, and Conflicts (pp. 1–29).
Parada, P., & Pando, E. De. (2006). America ’ s First City ? The Case of Late Archaic Caral. In Andean Archaeology III North and South (Vol. 3, pp. 28–67). doi:10.1080/08858198809527931
Velasco-Suarez, M., Bautista Martinez, J., Garcia Oliveros, R., & Weinstein, P. R. (1992). Archaeological origins of cranial surgery: trephination in Mexico. Neurosurgery, 31, 313–318; discussion 318–319. doi:10.1227/00006123-199208000-00017
Velasquez-Donaldson, C. (2007). Coca Production and Alternative Development in Bolivia: A Study Case. Graduate Student Journal, 2007, 58–70. doi:10.1016/j.jvoice.2010.09.010
Winterer, C. (2008). On the Wings of Time: Rome, the Incas, Spain, and Peru. Hispanic American Historical Review. doi:10.1215/00182168-2008-344

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