Machu Picchu belongs to ancient America, it is on top of a mountain ridgeline at an elevation of 2450 meters, dominating the valley of the Urubamba. In addition, Machu Picchu is often referred to as the "city in the sky" or "city in the clouds", sometimes called "the lost city of the Incas. " Some archaeologists believe that this town was established as a sacred mountain cabin great Inca ruler Pachacutec a century before the conquest of his empire that is, about 1440, and operated until 1532, when the Spaniards invaded the territory of the Inca Empire. In 1532, all the inhabitants mysteriously disappeared. Similar to Machu Picchu mountain city lasted much longer, up to 1570s.
CITIES, WITH DENSE, NUCLEATED DEMOGRAPHIC CONCENTRATIONS
At the head of the state Novoinkskogo was the son of Manco II - Sairee Tupac. During his reign expanded the boundaries of the state to the upper reaches of the Amazon, and the population increased to 80 thousand...
... middle of paper ...
...(1985). The Vertical Dimension and the Growth of Andean Civilization. In The Andean Past: Land, Societies, and Conflicts (pp. 1–29).
Parada, P., & Pando, E. De. (2006). America ’ s First City ? The Case of Late Archaic Caral. In Andean Archaeology III North and South (Vol. 3, pp. 28–67). doi:10.1080/08858198809527931
Velasco-Suarez, M., Bautista Martinez, J., Garcia Oliveros, R., & Weinstein, P. R. (1992). Archaeological origins of cranial surgery: trephination in Mexico. Neurosurgery, 31, 313–318; discussion 318–319. doi:10.1227/00006123-199208000-00017
Velasquez-Donaldson, C. (2007). Coca Production and Alternative Development in Bolivia: A Study Case. Graduate Student Journal, 2007, 58–70. doi:10.1016/j.jvoice.2010.09.010
Winterer, C. (2008). On the Wings of Time: Rome, the Incas, Spain, and Peru. Hispanic American Historical Review. doi:10.1215/00182168-2008-344
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Collapse of the Inca Civilization The collapse of a complex society is the resultant force of rapid simplification (Tainter, 1990). Whether intrinsically or extrinsically inflicted, exploitation of the very factors with which societal complexity is achieved may initiate the collapse of a civilization (Tainter, 1990). A total of six factors signal the attainment of societal complexity (i.e., urbanization, complex economy, scientific enhancement, public architecture, state religion, and social organization).... [tags: Inca Empire, Inca, Sapa Inca, Francisco Pizarro]
1389 words (4 pages)
- Religion is the belief or worship of a higher power such as many or one god. Religion is the foundation of the world. Without religion, a person or group may not convey to others how he or she lives his or her life because religion helps people on the outside looking in understand the way an individual lives and how he or she believes in life. The Inca civilization is an example of how religion gave a group of people an identity. Inca culture evolved from the various Andean cultures that are traced back to twenty thousand years previously.... [tags: ancient South American civilizations]
1560 words (4.5 pages)
- Ancient Inca Astronomers “New World Romans” is what Aveni called these ancient astronomers. Settled in what now is Peru in 1400 to 1532 C.E, the Inca Empire was a large and sophisticated society that was later conquered by the Spanish. Many mysteries were left untold in their 132-year reign. Along with their mysteries, their beautiful land housed a complex system called the Ceque System. Understanding the Ceque system gives us a painting of the civilization and how they operated. The Ceque being a centralized system brought everything together, from religion, calendar to even their hydrology (Aveni, 138).... [tags: Inca Empire, Inca, Sun, Inca civilization]
1550 words (4.4 pages)
- This paper discusses the development of a civilization defining its ten characteristics it will define why this civilization developed. For this purpose, the civilization of the Incas from South America has been selected; however, this paper will focus on a particular people of this civilization that lived in Machu Picchu. The civilization of the Incas lived on the territory of South America, in an area now occupied by the modern Peru. The capital has been located in the city of Cuzco. The name "Inca" is not given by self-people, but Europeans mistakenly gave it since the local tribes called their supreme ruler, and came to their land the Spaniards came to be called as the whole nation (Abbo... [tags: Peru, Spaniards, culture, South America, Cusco]
2104 words (6 pages)
- Culture is a very precious resource that has been taken for granted many times over the course of history. Humanity will never truly understand the value of culture, and as a race, humans have destroyed multiple precious cultures. One of these societies whose culture has been destroyed is the Inca Empire. Like other societies untouched by outside influences, the Inca Empire had blossomed into its own unique culture. They had their own societal order that functioned in a fashion that was equal in efficiency to other cultures that, at the time, considered themselves more advanced.... [tags: Inca Empire, Inca, Inca civilization, Peru]
2198 words (6.3 pages)
- The Inca Empire Janos Gyarmati’s Paria la Viexa and an expanding empire: Provincial centers in the political economy of the Inka Empire proved that the Inca’s built an empire unlike another. From 1440 to 1532 A.D. the Inca Empire dominated the Americas. Known as “the fastest growing and largest territorial empire”(Gyarmati 37) of its time the Inca Empire left a mark with their complex, perpetual and innovative economic, road, and settlement system. The Inca’s were advanced for their time, however they lacked a system that would guarantee the survival of their kin.... [tags: Inca Empire, Inca, Inca civilization]
918 words (2.6 pages)
- The Andes mountains encompassed of the Incan civilization. The Inca civilization extended across Western South America from about the city of Quito to Santiago (Cartwright, 2014). The Incan empire is known to be one of the largest empire to have existed (Cartwright). The empire created their own language, Quecha, in order to have one common language, but local groups could use their own language (Merriman, Burger and Salazar, 2003). Due to the fact that they did not have any actual written language it is difficult for scholars to further study about them (Merriman, Burger and Salazar).... [tags: Inca Empire, Inca, Cusco, Inca civilization]
1686 words (4.8 pages)
- “New World Romans” is what Aveni called these ancient astronomers. Settled in what now is Peru in 1400 to 1532 C.E, the Inca Empire was a large and sophisticated society that was later conquered by the Spanish. Many mysteries were left untold in their 132-year reign. Along with their mysteries, their beautiful land housed a complex system called the Ceque System. Understanding the Ceque system gives us a painting of the civilization and how they operated. The Ceque being a centralized system brought everything together, from religion, calendar to even their hydrology (Aveni, 138).... [tags: Inca Empire, Inca, Sun, Inca civilization]
1052 words (3 pages)
- Introduction Most of what we enjoy today as inhabitants of North and South America has been built through the process of conquest and colonization. There are many reasons why people accepted the risk to leave the great cities of Europe to cross the Atlantic into the unknown, and still today new reasons are being uncovered. It was an age when the Old World dreamt of expansion, and thoughts of the day mostly centred on ideas that new land to the West offered boundless territory, new trade routes, abundant riches and adventure.... [tags: Inca Civilization, History, Peru]
1956 words (5.6 pages)
- Imagine a person taking a walk through an art gallery that displays the pieces from cultures of the Maya, Aztec, and Inca. Would one be able to distinguish which piece came from which culture. There are many similarities in these cultures when it comes to art, architecture, and lifestyle. These three cultures make up part of what was Mesoamerica. Although they share a lot of are similarities, each culture is unique in their own way. However, it is clear that they derived influence from each other.... [tags: Maya civilization, Mesoamerica, Aztec]
1970 words (5.6 pages)