Economics is Winning Bolivia’s Drug War A 1998 article from the New York Times reported that Bolivia was winning its war against drugs as a result of two factors that influence the market for coca, which is used to make cocaine. First, Bolivian soldiers raided a number of coca plantations and destroyed the crops. Second, Colombians began growing more of their own coca and, as a result, now buy less from Bolivia than in the past. I am proposing that the basic principles of supply and demand are what helped to solve the drug problem. The following paragraphs will support my argument.
Coca is a plant coming from South America that for thousands of years been cultivated in Peru, Bolivia, and Colombia. The coca leaves have played, and still play, key social, medicinal, and ritual purposes for millions of indigenous people living in the Central and North Andes and Amazonia. Coca is a mild stimulant, however, it has been criminalized and equated with cocaine. It was not until 1855, when a German scientist fabricated cocaine, the laboratory-produced alkaloid separated from coca leaves. This formerly licit commodity was transformed into an illicit drug, due to the influence of Western morals and behavior.
This ideology of Latinidad then connected to how the Creoles moved from a colonized group to becoming the dominate elite in the matrix of coloniality. Finally Latinidad helped mark the difference between “Latin” America and “Anglo-Saxon” America while introducing a hierarchical relationship between the two. The European imperial power was reorganized. This reorganized power came over to the present day South America and conquered the lands to lay their (Europeans) “foundation” (Mignolo, 2002, p. 52). When the Europeans came over and conquered these newfound lands it was considered a “foundation” in parenthesis because technically they were not the first to conquer the lands.
The Colombian Exchange explorers created contact between Europe and the Americas. The interaction with Native Americans began the exchange of animals, plants, disease, and weapons. The most significant effects that the Colombian Exchange had on the Old World and New World were its changes in agriculture, disease, culture, and its effects on ecology. The immediate cause of the European voyages of discovery was the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks in 1453. While Egypt and Italian city-state of Venice was left with a monopoly on ottoman trade for spices and eastern goods it allowed Portugal and Spain to break the grip by finding an Atlantic route.
Physically, the actual consequences of using illegal Narcotics are much less than those of commonly used drugs like alcohol or cigarettes. Illegal Narcotics can and will be made safer than they currently are in the present system. Economically, the production of drugs in the United States would greatly bene... ... middle of paper ... ...aused by the war on drugs. It would respect the right of individuals to make personal choices about what they consume, while still holding them responsible for the harm they cause others. It would free up real money for prevention and treatment programs that currently enjoy more lip service than funding.
Rafe Blaufarb’s main argument within “The Western Question: The Geopolitics of Latin American Independence” is that of the geopolitical events that took place during 1815 to 1820. The result of the Spanish imperial collapse was significant to the independence of Latin America were impacted by Britain, France, the United States, and individuals; royalsit, privateers, and Bonapartists. International competition between the North Atlantic powers, particularly France and Britain, as well ass the effects of the Napoleonic time period effected Spanish America and Spanish geopolitics (Blaufarb, 743). Britain’s main interests dealt with free commerce between themselves and Latin America, while remaining allies with the Spanish. Their main concern
However, where there was disease, it was more costly to settle and the colonial powers set up extracted economic institutions that were enforced by absolutist political institutions. 2) How did class structure and income inequality in Latin America affect institutions after independence? (Chapter 16). Latin America was of the first to be colonized in the non-Western world by Europeans. In Latin America, the foundation of authoritarian, unequal regimes, had much to do with the extractive economic production there, which was also based on climate and geography factors and what colonials had to endure in Latin America.
Through the 16th to the 19th century, slavery was closely intertwined on a global scale on the basis of economics. Slavery, especially in the Americas, became a colonial and empirical institution, which then made those societies dependent on coerced, forced labor for many economical activities based on racial hatred and violence. At each stage in the transatlantic slave trade, African people experienced systematic violence and oppression, shaped by racist capitalistic ideas that white opportunists profited from. Slavery was never an inevitable outcome of African and European encounters, but it developed in this way because of the search for wealth and money, combined with severe white supremacy and ethnocentrism. As slavery continued to develop, and many countries, such as the emerging United States in the late 18th century, had slaves as a major part of their economic model.
Africa was the epicenter of slave trade, and the Gold Coast of Western Africa monopolized the slave trade from the mid-18th century until its abolition. Europe’s suppression of the slave trade caused the Western to turn to legitimate trade which consisted of other highly desired, but legal, goods such as gold, ivory, and vegetable oils-most notably palm oil. The British used palm oil in the manufacture of soap, candles, and lubricants, and the extent to which the Africans exported this product altered many aspects of their lives. For example, the high demand for palm oil allowed it to completely transform the social structure of coastal African communities. Coastal traders would utilize the wealth they had accumulated from the trade of palm oil to purchase slaves to operate the large canoes that transported the palm oil and other products from inland markets to coastal trading ports.