The Haze Problem Of Forest Fires Essay

The Haze Problem Of Forest Fires Essay

Length: 735 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Enough is enough. After 18 years of lame excuses and inaction, it is time for the international community to penalize Indonesia for the recurrent haze problem from forest fires. It is clear by now that domestic, regional and global responsibility is not a priority for the Indonesian government.
Since the late 1990s, forest fires have been an annual occurrence in Indonesia, home to the world’s largest palm oil industry. It is a lucrative business which accounts for about 11% of the country’s export earnings. Indonesia’s national disaster agency has owned the fact that 99% of the fires are caused by humans: plantation companies and small-scale farmers typically employ the slash-and-burn method for land clearing prior to palm oil plantations.
How severe is the problem this year?
The forest fire which has started since July has been identified as the second worst on Indonesian record since 1997. Till date, 19 people have died from haze-related illnesses. More than 500,000 have reported acute respiratory illnesses. Over 43 million people have been inhaling toxic fume and particulate matters from the burning.
The problem is not confined to Indonesia alone. The haze has also shrouded neighboring countries such as Singapore and Malaysia, prompting school closures, flight cancellations and businesses disruptions. By some estimation, the fires could cost the South East Asian countries over US$14 billion in environmental, health and other damages.*
Indonesia’s fires are now considered the worst climate crisis in the world. It has contributed significantly to global carbon emissions, exacerbating climate change. In the past two months, Indonesia’s daily emissions have exceeded those of China on at least 14 days, while its m...

... middle of paper ...

...ortunately, desperate civilians, neighboring countries and the global community do not have that luxury of time and are fed up of waiting. Nor can the words be trusted, since other presidents prior to this have made somewhat similar commitments.
Call to action
Diplomacy and cooperation are no longer the effective mode of engagement with the Indonesian government. The only option left is to penalize them. ASEAN members must send an unequivocally strong message to Jakarta to cooperate with its neighbors to tackle the haze. They must also create mechanisms to impose sanctions and punitive measures on the repeat offender. Importantly, the Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution must be amended to confer member countries with enforcement powers.
Importer countries of palm oil must hit the Indonesian government where it hurts the most through economic sanctions.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Fires of Indonesia and Asia Essay

- Fires of Indonesia and Asia What is the single most environmental issue that is plaguing the eastern half of the world. The raging fires in Indonesia and Asia. These fires are releasing more CO2 and other toxic chemicals in a few months than most countries do all year. The fires are also producing a thick smoky haze that is clouding the entire area. What is the exact cause of this problem. Scientists are quick to point out several causes, but one that is standing out is the defiant act of setting ablaze fields for the use of farmland....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
1426 words (4.1 pages)

Forest Fires Essay

- Review of Literature I. Introduction- Forest Fires According to Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary, Wildfire means “a sweeping and destructive conflagration esp. in a wilderness or a rural area.” Also according to the same dictionary, wilderness means “a tract or region uncultivated and uninhabited by human beings.” Forest Fires happen when there is a drought because branches and twigs die and dry out creating plenty of fuel for a fire. According to the NIFC (National Interagency Fire Center) there are about 105,534 wildfires that occur each year....   [tags: environment, forest fires]

Better Essays
1481 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on The Effects of Forest Fires on Local Flora

- Plants, trees, and other similar organisms constitute the community of a forest. These plants and trees stand together on a common soil ground, where they populate around each other to establish a full-fledged, bright green forest. Many factors can harm this forest community and annihilate the organisms that live there. One of the most devastating events is forest fires, which result in drastic environmental and biological changes. In the environmental aspect, the forest fire heats up the soil, causing chemical and physical changes of the soil composure....   [tags: Botany, Forestry]

Better Essays
1821 words (5.2 pages)

Forest Fires Essay

- In the year 2000, fire fighters battled raging infernos as some of the worst wildfires in 50 years rampaged across a dozen states. Not only were these fires the worst in half a century, but they may be the worst ever recorded. In a single week in mid August, 86 major wildfires were raging in a dozen states from Arizona and California up to Colorado and Wyoming to Montana, Oregon and South Dakota. Five million acres of land burned, more then double the annual average for the past decade. A controlled fire six miles southwest of Los Alamos that was implemented as a fire prevention measure would not stop....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
334 words (1 pages)

How Do Fires Start? Essay

- “The most tangible of all visible mysteries- fire.” ~ Leigh Hunt Fire is a visible mystery, as poet Leigh Hunt states. We all love staring at a crackling fire on a brisk summer night, watching as its smoke wisps into disappearance. Many are too entranced by a fire to delve deeper into its creation. How does a fire start. What is its chemical process. How does a small flame at the end of a match expand into a catastrophe so quickly. The three vital things for a fire to be created are fuel, oxygen, and heat....   [tags: combustion, oxygen, forest]

Free Essays
523 words (1.5 pages)

Essay on Inventing Problems in In A Forest of Voices

- Inventing Problems in In A Forest of Voices     "Interesting title, nice alliteration, E.B. White, perfect." That's exactly what I thought upon finding "Sootfall and Fallout" in A Forest of Voices. I find it hard to write about another essay, so often there isn't really enough material to use and one is stuck criticizing turns of phrase or punctuation. But White, in this essay, gives the reader plenty of meat to chew, and much of it is hard to digest. His main point seems to be that radiation fallout must be stopped, because the current generation is buying atomic power with the lives of future generations....   [tags: Forest Voices]

Better Essays
1088 words (3.1 pages)

The Effects of Wildfires Essay

- Fire at any level can be devastating, yet the effects that wildfires have on every worldwide country really has left its mark on the land. As written by world renowned wild fire spokesperson Smokey the Bear, “Every year, wildfires sweeps through parts of the United States setting wilderness and homes ablaze. On average these raging infernos destroy about four to five million acres of land a year. But in 2012, wildfire burned more than 9.3 million acres, an area about the size of Massachusetts and Connecticut combined” (U.S....   [tags: wildfires, forest fires]

Better Essays
1357 words (3.9 pages)

Essay about What Are the Four Main Global Enviromental Problems?

- There are four main global environmental problems that we are facing in the current world. Which are haze, increase in human population, technology and waste land. These four global environmental issues require urgent attention to create the ecology friendly. As a matter of fact the purpose of eco friendly is to protect our mother nature such as air, water, land, flora and fauna. Therefore, if we do not preserve the green house gases it can ultimately affect the risk of human health all around the world....   [tags: haze, waste, population, ]

Better Essays
1279 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Human Behaviors in Fires

- This study examines the human behavior during an evacuation from a building fire and how each reaction affects the ability for the occupant to evacuate the building safely. Many deaths have occurred when people are unable to escape from a burning building, due to the improper building design, fire detection and suppression systems, and visibility of exit doors and signs. According to Fire enthusiast, the major contributing factors that leads to a tragic evacuation is lack of sufficient exits for the population, lack of direction for egress, lack of fire walls, fire doors and smoke doors and not having an evacuation plan....   [tags: Human Behavior, Evacuation, Fires, Emergency]

Better Essays
1186 words (3.4 pages)

Coal Fires Essay

- Coal Fires I’ve long been familiar with the concept of coal mines, but a common occurrence I was unfamiliar with previous to this class was the concept of coal mine fires, but it is a huge problem, both economically and environmentally. Perhaps the most infamous American example of a coal mine fire is Centralia, a town in the anthracite region of eastern Pennsylvania. Centralia was like any other coal town until one fateful day in 1962, when a heap of burning trash in a dump that doubled as a mine stripping pit quickly spread to other parts of the mine....   [tags: Fire Coal Mining Essays]

Free Essays
718 words (2.1 pages)