Guy De Maupassant 's The Necklace Essay

Guy De Maupassant 's The Necklace Essay

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In Guy de Maupassant’s The Necklace (1884), we are shown what happens when people are not grateful for the circumstances they do have. We meet Mathilde Loisel, a selfish, conceited and ungrateful wife to M. Loisel. M. Loisel is not rich, but he does everything in his power to bless his wife, Mathilde, with material things to try and make her happy. What he is unaware of is the toils and trouble that awaits him for bending over backwards for Mathilde. Mathilde is always unhappy where she feels destiny has placed her unjustly. She, in the end, learns the trouble of her ways and thoughts, and becomes the essence of what she told herself she has been given – poor. Mathilde must become humble in order to live her life without fear of being considered “a thief” (De Maupassant, 1884, p. 8).
In the beginning of the story, it is very obvious that Mathilde lives in the middle class, but only views herself as poverty-stricken. She believes that destiny has done her an injustice because she is so pretty, but has nothing else to show for it. She wants to be envied by other women and sought after by men. Her desires are to be doted on with lavish items and a beautiful house. She focuses her thoughts only on the things that she does not have, and ignores the luxuries that she is given by her husband. While M. Loisel is not rich, he has provided Mathilde with a comfortable enough lifestyle that even allows her to have a peasant come and do housework for her. Her ungratefulness keeps Mathilde from having friends because jealousy overcomes her when she is with them.
M. Loisel does not know how to show Mathilde love in any other way other than trying to buy her things and spending his money on her. He is shocked to see her miserable ...


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...se off than she starts out. What’s more is that her pride has gotten ahead of her, keeping her from being honest with her friend. If Mathilde would just tell Madame Forestier that she has lost the necklace, she would find that the necklace is a fake. She worries that her friend will think that she is going to “be taken as a thief” (De Maupassant, 1884, p. 8).
Mathilde, in the end, learns that pride comes before a fall. Mathilde could have avoided ten years of pain, but instead chooses to keep her pride and greed close to her heart. Mathilde does not consider consequences of her actions and must pay severely for her choices. This is what Maupassant displays in his story; warning the reader to be grateful for the things they do have in their life, lest they lose it all. The lesson to be learned in this story is that greed will give you nothing but despair.

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