The Gospel According to Matthew Essay

The Gospel According to Matthew Essay

Length: 2876 words (8.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Gospel according to Matthew, although being the first book of the New Testament canon, it was not considered the first gospel genre to be written. Matthew’s gospel gives an account of the life, ministry, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ of Nazareth. In this essay, I intend to look at how the exegesis and interpretation of this gospel may be affected by our understanding of the authorship, its intended readership and where and when it was written. Although all these categories are important in their own right, I will focus more of the intended audience and readership of this gospel.
Authorship
Mitch & Sri suggest that early in biblical history, everyone from Irenaeus in the second century to Origen and Tertullian in the third century, through to Augustine in the fifth century declared that Matthew the apostle was the author. However, by the nineteenth century this theory was less supported. The theory behind this shift was that the author of Matthew extensively used material from the earlier gospel of Mark and if the author of Matthew had been an apostle and eye witness to Jesus work, why did he rely on Mark’s material.
Bockmuehl also joined the debate on whether the apostle Matthew wrote the gospel bearing his name.
Schnackenburg on the other hand suggested that evidence based on Papia’s writing in 130AD, points to the author of Matthew’s gospel, being “Levi the tax collector.”
Bock supports this theory by saying that “the association of this gospel with the apostle Matthew dates back to a remark by Papias, about Matthew having collected sayings of Jesus in the Hebrew or Aramaic and later translating them into Greek.” Although this citation has been disputed, superscripts that accompany manuscripts of this gospel un...


... middle of paper ...


...’s date, like the dates of many other Old and New Testament Books, remains obscure. It could be argued that Matthew is written specifically to Jews in order to explain and defend the deity of Christ. Matthew contains a great deal of Old Testament prophecy fulfilment which the author intentionally points out to his Jewish audience in order to argue that Jesus truly is the Messiah.
By looking at how original material has been used differently by gospel writers, it highlight the need of the reader to enquire into the original source of the material, how it has been altered and what motives the author had in changing the details and composition of the original material. Bornkamm warns, “Care will have to be taken to guard against reading out of the text or into the text more than is warranted.” Which could lead to the misunderstanding of information?



Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Gospel Of Matthew Analysis

- Book: The Gospel of Matthew The Gospel of Matthew was the first volume of the New Testament, edited and compiled approximately between 70 and 110 Anno Domini. The literary genre is in the name (Gospel). It is one of the four gospels found in the Bible. The main personalities are; Jesus, Mary, Joseph, John the Baptist, the 12 disciples, the Jewish religious leaders, Caiaphas, Pilate, and Mary Magdalene. Although the author is unknown, evidence points to Matthew of being the author of this book. The Gospel of Matthew cited the Gospel of Mark, paraphrasing and complementing the plot written by Mark....   [tags: Jesus, New Testament, Gospel of Matthew]

Better Essays
700 words (2 pages)

A Reflection On The Gospel Essay

- This week is a reflection on the Gospel attributed to Matthew. A Gospel that, according to Perkins in week one of this course, Irenaeus saw fit to attribute to the apostle. Despite having read this text throughout childhood and into scholastic adulthood, I must admit, this was the first time I have ever reflected on this one single account without being interrupted by the other three canonized versions. The mishmash of Sunday School gospel traditions had a tendency to skew my view of these texts from an early age....   [tags: Jesus, Gospel of Matthew, Old Testament, Gospel]

Better Essays
1214 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about The Portrayal of Jesus in Matthew’s Gospel

- Most people would agree that Matthews’s gospel is the most Jewish of the four gospels. This first century Jewish writer, set within the Jewish tradition, wants the reader to learn about Jesus, the one he called Messiah. It is thought the work of Matthews’s gospel is unlikely to be a translator; there is no evidence to say if it is the same, Matthew mentioned in the gospel. We can say for certain the author was a Jew. And safely dated to the last quarter of the first century; the Didache and Ignatius of Antioch reference Matthew’s gospel in the first part of the second century....   [tags: Essays on the Gospel of Matthew]

Better Essays
2653 words (7.6 pages)

John And The Gospel Of Matthew Essays

- Comparative Study Final Paper It is from the differences between the Gospel of John and the Gospel of Matthew that one can understand why the Gospel of John is not included in the Synoptic gospels. While there are many similarities between them, there are also numerous differences as well. In the next few pages, I would like to share some of those differences. Right away when one looks at Chapter One of each of these gospels, it is most noticeable from the start a difference in their opening prologues....   [tags: Jesus, New Testament, Gospel of John]

Better Essays
1216 words (3.5 pages)

The Gospel Of Matthew And Luke Essay

- It is easy to see the similarities between the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke; both are estimated to have been written between 80 AD and 95 AD, and share close to seventy percent of their content according to many biblical scholars. Among the features shared by the gospel is the common description of the nature of the kingdom of God inaugurated by Jesus. In examining Jesus’s parables, teachings, and miracles in the gospels, one can glean “knowledge of the kingdom of God” in being observant towards who the kingdom is for and what the kingdom accomplishes according to the two gospel writers....   [tags: Jesus, Gospel, New Testament, Christianity]

Better Essays
1002 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Gospel of Matthew

- Gospel of Matthew Matthew portrays a very God like, all-powerful Jesus, with very few humanistic characteristics. Matthew 2:3, “at this news King Herod became greatly disturbed.” I thought the king would be happy to hear about the birth of Jesus. Apparently the kings intentions were not very nice. I really find this passage interesting, mainly because it separates God from the kingdom. Meaning the King has power and is afraid of losing it to the Son of God. Matthew’s description of healing is very interesting; he gives Jesus more powers then Mark did....   [tags: Religion Religious Matthew Essays]

Better Essays
505 words (1.4 pages)

Essay about Gospel of Matthew

- The Teachings of Matthew The Gospel according to Matthew is the first book in the New Testament, and also serves as a bridge between the Old Testament and the New Testament. The gospel tells us of Jesus and his teachings. It is believed that the Gospel originated with Matthew, one of Jesus' disciples, and it circulated anonymously (Harris 149). The message in this gospel was compiled to minister to a Jewish and Jewish-Christian community when tensions between early Christians and postwar Jewish leaders aggravated bitter controversy....   [tags: Religion Christian Bible]

Better Essays
1382 words (3.9 pages)

Paul 's Teachings On The Gospel Of Mark And Matthew Essay

- After his conversion to Christianity, Paul traveled throughout the Roman Empire and preached the Gospel, similar to Jesus’ own ministry across Galilee. Paul’s teachings were more focused on the community and the relationships of its members with each other and with non-Christians, whereas Jesus’ teachings were geared towards the individual and his/her personal relationship to God. Despite this discrepancy in their doctrines, Paul’s teachings remain consistent with those of Jesus. In his First Letter to the Corinthians, Paul’s teachings, such as unity in the community and love for others, echo the teachings of Jesus as depicted in the Gospel of Mark and Matthew....   [tags: Christianity, Jesus, Gospel, New Testament]

Better Essays
1573 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on Those Who Do Not Obey The Gospel

- “Those Who Do Not Obey the Gospel” Biblical terminology, commonly heard from the lips of preachers in the earlier years of the church, has been replaced with expressions not found in the teaching of the apostles on the pages of the New Testament. Preachers today, seldom urge their hearers to “obey the gospel.” Nevertheless, the Scriptures teach that obedience to the gospel is extremely important. Paul wrote, “…you who are troubled rest with us when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with His mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (II Thessalonians 1:7-8) And, Peter wrote, “For the time has come for judgment to begi...   [tags: Jesus, New Testament, Gospel of Matthew]

Better Essays
838 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on Gospel Of Matthew

- The Passion Many people believe that there is only one account of the Passion of Jesus Christ or they believe that each story is the same; whereas there are four separate Gospel accounts of the Passion of Our Lord. Each of these Gospel accounts supplements the others, however each gospel account of the crucifixion of Jesus is unique, not only in how the story is told but also in the events and features themselves. Matthew, Mark, Luke and John clearly present different portrayals of the death of Jesus Christ....   [tags: Religion Bible Christian]

Better Essays
1035 words (3 pages)