Gender, Job Authority, And Depression

1596 Words7 Pages
Molly Mirhashem, in her article "Women Who Lean In are More Depressed Than Those Who Don 't", explores how a greater job authority results not in a healthier state of being as conventional wisdom would suggest, but rather in differential mental health benefits for men and women. To achieve this, she mainly focuses on the double-bind idea and on the way gender cultural expectations are reinforced in the workplace to align with hegemonic masculinity. Women with higher levels of job authority suffer and express more depressive symptoms as compared to women without job authority and to men. Though Mirhashem cited the fundamentals of the interrelationship between job authority, gender, and depression in the article, the corroborating scholarly reference explained them in more detail. Through their study titled "Gender, Job Authority, and Depression", Tetyana Pudrovska and Amelia Karraker claim the differences in mental health between gender are dependent upon the cultural meanings ascribed to job authority by men and women. Through analysis of the 1957-2004 data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study - a prospective cohort study design - the authors specifically aimed to understand the effect of job authority in 1993 (at age 54) with men 's and women 's depressive symptoms in 2004 (at age 65)" (Pudrovska and Karraker 2014:435). Job authority is control over others ' work - the authority to hire and fire people and influence pay. Again, between-gender and within-gender comparisons demonstrate women with any job authority have higher depression levels than women without job authority, which results in a greater disadvantage for the former. Such findings were explained by two factors of interest. First, what it means to be male or fema... ... middle of paper ... .... Finally population characteristics of who the person in authority exercises his or her job authority on and what that process actually entails are unknown at the moment. Stemming from my personal interest in inequality and health, I found the issue engaging to learn about. I like understanding why there are societal inequalities and health disparities. This article concentrates on both. It examines social inequality by illustrating the construction of social class through gender, and the impact of gender relations on the meaning of higher status. Next the health disparity is examined by looking at the gap in depressive symptoms between genders. Another reason for my decision on this topic is I will graduate and have a career soon; so this issue may apply to me. The problems highlighted in these articles are useful knowledge as a woman in a prospective profession.
Open Document