Human beings have the motivation to protect what they believe is important in their lives. From protecting their own family to their country; they look for their country’s well being. In modern times nations developed to have peaceful relation when interacting with each other, each seeking their own well being. International laws started emerging though history. More recently, when states started figuring out their well being of their environment formed an important part for their people’s well being it became another subject that needed to be under protection. International Environmental Law made its appearance rather later that what it would have been desirable, since it emerged when the damage to the environment was already at a critical point.
Since its birth in the 1970s, this part of international law has gained development and relevance as we have advance into more industrialized societies. The damage into the environment has deepened, become more evident and spread indistinguishable globally. It has come to the attention of national societies that it doesn’t matter if your country is not responsible for the devastation or this is done beyond your national boundaries because contamination and pollution do not respect arbitrary political boundaries. The isolated efforts to prevent this degradation from entering national boundaries have also been futile especially when it comes to pollution. It has become important to fight for the conservation of the environment in unity and as a whole since we only have one world that forms part of our global heritage and we need it to be healthy for us to stay healthy . Even though we have come late to this realization we are still in time...
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..., the Stockholm Convention ended up establishing a comity to develop a strategy that would allow countries in different levels of development to grow together. The Brundtland Comity or World Commission of Environment and developed worked during these years to create the concept which would be known as “sustainable development” creating new forms for policies regarding new changes and raise level of understanding. This was done with the idea that economic development is desirable and possible within this context. Furthermore they defied sustainable development as: “Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” This definition would be integrated in the Rio Declaration. It marked the greatest change from one convention to the next one especially since environment and economy were joined.
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