Ethnic Groups in Texas

  • Length: 1250 words (3.6 double-spaced pages)
  • Rating: Excellent
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document

Texas, being the second largest state in the United States, has a very large and ethnically varied population. Since 1850, Texas has had more of a population growth in every decade than that of the entire population of the United States. Texas' population is growing older as the people of the post World War II reach their middle ages. It's estimated that the people over the age of 64 in Texas will more than double by the year 2020 in Texas. Four out of every ten Texans are either African American or Hispanic with the remainder predominately white. There are a small but very rapidly growing number of Asians and fewer than 70,000 Native Americans. The diverse set of ethnic groups in Texas causes a big impact on laws and legislature in Texas.
By 1800, Anglo settlements began to appear in East Texas. Although the first Anglos that immigrated to Texas were of English ancestry, some were Scottish, Irish, or Welsh. Additional immigrants to Texas included French, Scandinavian, and Eastern European peoples, with a few Italians and Greeks scattered about. It has been estimated that as many as 24,000 German immigrants settled in the Hill Country by 1860. Most of these people opposed slavery and as a result, fourteen counties in Central Texas voted 40 percent of higher against secession in 1861. Although the population growth of Anglo Americans declined during the Civil War and Reconstruction, it picked back up in the 1870's. Although the 2000 census says Anglos compose 52 percent, population projections show that this will most likely decline and the percentage of other groups will increase.
From 1836, when Texas became independent from Mexico, to 1900 there was little to no immigration from Mexico to Texas. Latinos primarily remained in areas such as Goliad, Laredo, and San Antonio. In South Texas, they were the primary population even though many Anglos were beginning to settle there after the Mexican War of 1846-1848. During the Civil War, however, Latinos moved west to displace Native Americans from their land. The rise of commercial agriculture created a need for seasonal laborers in the twentieth century. Many Latinos picked cotton, fruits and vegetables, or worked as ranch hands or shepherds. Latinos saw an improvement in wages and working conditions after World War II because they became more skilled and had more managerial, sales, and clerical professions.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Ethnic Groups in Texas." 20 Jun 2018
Title Length Color Rating  
The Push out of Texas Essays - The Push out of Texas A rich part of American history takes place in Texas around the early to middle part of the nineteenth century. During this time period, Texas became a region of American settlement. The price to pay for that settlement, however, ranged on a variety of levels for the different cultures and races of people living there. During this time period, three different groups of people lived in this region. These groups included the Cherokee Indians, Mexicans, and European settlers....   [tags: History Settlement Papers]
:: 13 Works Cited
3147 words
(9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Texas Culture Essay examples - Texas Culture When the three of us decided to use Texas as our micro-culture, I thought it was a great idea. I am not a Texan, since by definition to be a Texan, you must have been born in Texas, no exceptions (, but do consider myself an honorary Texan. My first experience with Texas was around 1983 when I visited the state. I was traveling quite extensively at that time and most of Texas was included in those travels. I had previously been in several other states in our nation but none seemed to compare to the great State of Texas....   [tags: essays research papers fc]
:: 2 Works Cited
1324 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Changing Demographics of Texas Essay - In the United States, for the last four decades, from Richard Nixon to Ronald Reagan through the two Bush Presidencies, the Republican Party won the White House by amassing large margins among white voters (Lizza.) The state of Texas has been reliably Republican since the 1970s and there are various elements to Texas political culture that can be narrowed down to three essential ideological trends: economic liberalism, or faith in the free market economy, social conservatism, or favoring traditional values and moralism, and populism, or promoting the rights and worthiness of ordinary people (Texas Political Culture.) As a result, the dominant political mood in Texas favors low taxes, minimal...   [tags: elections, republican party, politics]
:: 6 Works Cited
1420 words
(4.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Texas Schools and DIversity Essay examples - In 2007-2008, Texas schools had a large ethnic distribution of students. Specifically, African American students made up 14.3% of the overall student population; the Hispanic student population was 47.2%; and 34.8% of the student population was White. The smallest groups represented included Native American and Asian/Pacific Islanders with Native American students and teachers representing only 0.3% of students (Texas Education Agency, 2009). According to demographic projections, minority populations are expected to increase significantly over the next 20 years (NCES, 2007)....   [tags: Education, Racial Relations, Social Issues] 1648 words
(4.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Racial Discrimination in the United States - Our country has made great strides in addressing disparities that occur between ethnic groups and special populations by promoting equal opportunities for all in schools, work, etc. However, ethnic minority college students still experience the stress of racial discrimination and other minority group stereotypes, thus affecting their mental health. Cokley, et. al conducted a study that measured the minority status stress and imposter feelings as predictors to having negative impact on the mental health of diverse ethnic minority college students....   [tags: equal opportunities, ethnic minorities]
:: 1 Works Cited
561 words
(1.6 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
The Elimination of Racial Profiling in the Context of Street Level Crime - There has been the hubbub surrounding racial and ethnic discrimination around traffic stops by the police. The police have been accused of stopping a particular group of people frequently fronting the argument that that group is likely to commit a crime likeillegal possession of drugs or even unlicensed weapons. Most of the scholars who have discussed racial profiling do not deny its existence. In this paper, the definition of racial profiling will be elucidated. In addition, the overall effects of racial profiling will be looked into....   [tags: policy, the police, racial, ethnic discrimination]
:: 8 Works Cited
2015 words
(5.8 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Essay about Examining Genocides in Germany, Armenia, and Darfur - When people think of the word, ‘holocaust’, they probably think of World War II, Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler, and concentration camps. In reality, there have been many holocausts before and since the most famous Holocaust in Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945 (Roth). Merriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary defines the word, ‘holocaust’, as “a thorough destruction involving extensive loss of life especially through fire”. This definition describes the Nazi Holocaust, the Armenian genocide, and genocide in Darfur, to name a few (UHRC)....   [tags: Nazi, Ethnic Cleansing] 983 words
(2.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Minority Groups: Ethnic Minorities - In a world where society is mostly driven by our faults, family can be a relative term that brings it all back down to earth. Since societies can be extremely divided at times, it is important to have a back bone and a community that understand your own values, customs, and practices. It has been said that “minority group” families, which in Canada or the United States, could be considered anyone who isn’t Caucasian, are less stable in form and function than families who are a part of the general societal “majority”....   [tags: asians, blacks, religion, muslims]
:: 4 Works Cited
899 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Ethnic Groups and Discrimination - Ethnic Groups and Discrimination According to the teaching of a young age my ancestry is of English descent. The surname Aycock comes from Anglo-Saxon origin. I was told by my grandmother that the original spelling of the family surname is Heycock. The earliest immigrants of my bloodline came from England aboard ships in the year 1682. Leaving England behind for economic, religious, and political reasons my ancestors set out to find new hope (V. Aycock, personal communication, 1976). Therefore, I am of the belief that my ethnic group both immigrated to and colonized the United States of America....   [tags: Discrimination ]
:: 3 Works Cited
862 words
(2.5 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay about Ethnic Groups in England - Around the 1940's the black ethnic group came to England. Most of them had reasons like: · They needed workers to repair the damage parts of England after the Second World War. · Good jobs · Work as servant for rich merchant · Fought for the war · Education so that they make a good career · Better life · A land of good hopes Most of them came during the war to help the allies to fight and after the war most of them returned home but the rest of the black Caribbean stayed in England....   [tags: Papers] 1198 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]

Related Searches

In the second half of the twentieth century, the Latinos' population surged because of high birth rates and surges of both legal and illegal immigration from Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean Islands. In 2000, Texas' population was nearly one-third Latino with 76 percent of those Latino's being from Mexico. Immigration from Mexico is continued to continue and the political influence in Texas is increasing. In 1984 Raul Gonzalez was elected to the Texas Supreme court making him the first Latino to win a statewide office. Latino elected officials skyrocketed. By 2003, the number of Latino elected officials in Texas reached 2,200. Organizations such as the League of United Latin American Citizens and the Southwest Voter Registration Education Project have worked to increase voter registration and turnout among Latinos in recent years. In 2003, six Latinos represented Texas in the U.S. House of Representatives, while 37 served in the Texas Legislature.
The first African Americans entered Texas as slaves of Spanish explorers in the sixteenth century. About the time slavery was abolished in Mexico, Anglos began to bring a greater number of black slaves to Texas. By 1847, African Americans accounted for one-fourth of the states population. During Reconstruction, there was a small wave of freemen migration to Texas and they often resided in "freedman towns." Black labor also contributed significantly to the economic development of Texas cities and helped make Texas a more industrialized society. In 2000, Texas had 2.4 million African Americans, which was more than 11 percent of the state's population. It is one of the more slowly increasing ethnic groups but recently a significant number of African Americans that have immigrated to the US are settling in Texas for a higher standard of living and better wages. Their political influence has also greatly increased. In 1972, Barbara Jordan became the first African American since Reconstruction to represent Texas in congress and Morris Overstreet became the first African American to win a statewide election in 1992. Today, African American Texans hold a number of local, statewide, as well as national offices and Ron Kirk in 2002 became the first Black Texan to be nominated by a major party for a U.S. Senate seat. Although he was unsuccessful, two African Americans represented Texas in the U.S. House of Representatives in 2003, along with 16 serving in the Texas Legislature.
Few people in Texas are aware that Texas is home to one of the largest Asian American populations in the United States. Most have come from Southeast Asia but more and more today are American born. They are, however, fairly newcomers to Texas compared to the other larger ethnic groups. Most of these Asian Americans settle in Texas' large urban centers such as Dallas and Houston and although many of them are unskilled laborers, about half of them entered the country with a college degree.
Relatively few Texans today are known as Native Americans, but there are a number of counties, cities and towns, and other places have names that tell us that Native Americans were here first such. The word tejas, which means friendly, is the word Texas came from. Before 1900, members of more than 50 tribes roamed the prairies or had settlements within the territory that became Texas. When the first Spaniards arrived in Texas the number of Native Americans ranged from 30,000 to 150,000. In 1856, after much Anglo-Indian warfare, the number dropped drastically to about 12,000. In 2,000 they were numbered at less than 70,000 and most reside in cities and towns with a variety of jobs and professions. Only a few Native Americans live on Texas reservations.
Since Texas became part of the Union, the Rio Grande boundary with Mexico has brought up many controversies. Controlling illegal immigrants into Texas from Mexico has been very difficult. Although these people supply Texas employers with cheap labor, some compete with US citizens for jobs and require expensive social services. In response to the political pressure about immigration issues, the US Congress enacted into law the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. It was designed to restrain the flow of illegal immigrants into the US by penalizing employers who hire illegal aliens. In 1994, Texas joined the other states in suing the federal government to recover various costs incurred from illegal immigration and in 1996 illegal immigration was hot issue with politicians. Before the November election, the US Congress enacted the Immigration Control and Financial Responsibility Act of 1996. The law increased the number of border control officers, increased penalties for immigrant smuggling and sped up the deportation of illegal aliens. Despite the number of laws passed to forbid illegal immigration, many illegal immigrants still come to Texas for a better life and better wages and employers are willing to risk the consequences for hard work for cheap wages.

Return to