Gegner, Lance. “Deer Control Options.” www.attra.ncat.org.June2003.9-30-13. Hart, David. “Does Predator Control Help Your Deer Population?” www.grandview.com.GramdViewMediaGroup.5-5-2010.9-26-2013. Hartigan, Chrisand Osbourne, Scott.
By November, Kentucky's deer population typical increases slightly more than one fawn per doe. Although many more fawns are born than one per doe, some will die before the hunting season arrives. A deer's home range averages about 500 acres. In mountains, the home range may exceed 1,000 acres. Even though this size area can support about 40 deer, these animals will not always stay just within their home range.
Forest Foods Deer Eat. Retrieved August 11, 2010, from Michigan Deptartment of Natural Resources and Environment: http://www.michigan.gov/dnr/0,1607,7-153-10370_12148-61306--,00.html Humphrey, B. (2008, July). Scents and Scents-ibility. Buckmasters Whitetail Magazine , pp.
Research Current research on white-tailed deer in the National Park Service is primarily into the role and possible effects of the animals on naturally functioning ecosystems and the effects of the animals on historical and cultural scenes. More than 20 site-specific studies of white-tailed deer were conducted in the past 10 years. Other research has been into the interrelations of deer and vegetation, population densities, responses of plant species to browsing by deer, the effects of deer on threatened and endangered plants and animals, and the deer as reservoirs of diseases such as lyme disease. For the coordination of research and management of white-tailed deer, the National Park Service established an interregional white-tailed deer team. The team assists parks with developing objectives, monitoring of deer, and criteria for judging conflicts.
Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection at URL: http://www.dec.state.ny.us/website/dfwmr/license/ lichunt.html#eligibility Hunting. 2003. Britannica Student Encyclopedia. Encyclopedia Britannica Online at URL: http://www.search.eb.com/ebi/article?eu=296922 How the Indians Hunt Deer. 1994.
Retrieved March 23, 2014, from http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2007/parr_jaco/nutrition.htm white-tailed deer. (n.d.). Retrieved March 23, 2014, from http://www.fcps.edu/islandcreekes/ecology/white-tailed_deer.htm
White tailed deer, elk, and moose are all types of deer. They are ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae which means they grow and shed new antlers each year. These three types of deer live in areas ranging from the wilderness, forests, brush thickets, prairie, and your backyard. While often associated with forests, deer are an Eco tone species that can adapt to different environments in order to survive. The white-tailed deer, elk, and moose have different dietary needs ranging from tree bark to the tender grass allowing them to live in the same community while foraging on different foods.
Wolves are a natural mean of controlling the number of deer, elk, and other large game in an environment. The larger populations of herbivores are a problem for farmers and ranchers. The herd's winter grounds could be the same ranchers use for their cattle. In 1983 the case of Allen Nelson, a rancher in Montana, came to the attention of the Forest Service. Nelson owned land about twenty miles north of Yellowstone National Park.
The white-tailed deer lives in wooded areas. Gray wolves and mountain lions used to be predators of the white-tailed deer. So some areas do become over populated. People and dogs are now the deer's main predator. Because there are not many natural predators, deer populations can sometimes grow too large for their environment and deer can starve to death.