These high risk mortgages were processed as securitisation; this is a financial practice of combining mortgages into one large pool. Most of the pools became mortgage – backed security (MBS) and were traded on the financial markets by firms such as Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. These MBS delivered high rate of return for the traders increasing their bonus but were not sound investments for the bank. This careless disregard of the compan... ... middle of paper ... ... to guarantee these banks & their debts, economies & Countries would collapse. Society as a whole could have collapsed.
The actions of mortgage lenders in the mid-2000s led to the most economically devastating financial crisis since the Great Depression. We believe mortgage lenders should shoulder much of the responsibility for creating such a crisis. The lenders took several specific unethical actions, which will be defined in this report. First, the lenders failed to act in good faith. Conflicts of interest were created when they sold pre-packaged mortgages as securities to investment banks at a profit.
Their actions contributed to and ultimately caused the collapse of the subprime mortgage market, which was the lynch pin of a whole series of linked financial flows, spreading beyond the borders of the United States. The Global Community are angry because they bought into America, figuratively and literally, and feel that they’re interests weren’t protected. They assert that the USA had a duty to protect the financial system, which it failed on multiple levels. It failed to oversee itself domestically, whilst also failing to limit and regulate its links to the international system. Given its unique (and self crafted) position in so many vital international monetary institutions (Calleo 2009, pp94-95), its use of this power was seen to be short sighted, self-serving and dangerous.
The problems arrived over a period of time from 1995 to 2008. The first and main problems that lead to the economic collapse was sub prime mortgages. Sub prime mortgage is a certain kind of loan granted to people with poor credit histories, who which wouldn’t usually be qualified for conventional mortgages (Investopedia). These sup prime mortgages would backfire on banks across the nation resulting in huge financial loses. According to USA Today, “Housing crisis deepens.
Thus an attorney’s persuasion of withholding of documents under a valid document retention policy cannot be defined as a dishonest practice. So corrupt is not appropriate applied to the actions of Andersen. I believe Andersen violated the law. The management, including David Duncan, obviously knew Andersen would get an investigation due to the audit fai... ... middle of paper ... ...n 2002, Enron has burdened huge debts and filed for bankruptcy protection. Andersen also had no money to pay for angry investors.
The Lehman Brothers, an investment banking firm filed for bankruptcy in September of 2008 due to poor financial choices. The company made many bad decisions because of their greed and unethical decision to manipulate the books. The lack of success by the Lehman Brothers shows that it is imperative to be self-evident with financial reporting. The bankruptcy shows that they failed to use factual figures by disguising their actual financial position. The analysis of the Lehman Brothers will show the acts of unethical financial reporting and the effect it had on this financial banking firm.
Due to that the charges the firm was to undergo were unfounded and Goldman fought to defend its reputation. Civil charges against Goldman and Fabrice Tourre which was one of Goldman’s star traders marked one of the major attacks that the government made on Wall Street. According to Roben & Paula (2010) the deals that the company had made are believed to have caused the financial crisis that was experienced by the nation as well as the whole world. Regulators claim that Paulson’s firm was allowed by Goldman to assist in designing a Collateral Debt Obligation (CDO) financial investment which was built from specific sets of mortgage assets that were risky hence essentially set CDO to failure. While all that was happening CDO investors were not told anything about the role of Paulson nor were they told about his intentions.
The financial crisis otherwise known as the ‘credit crunch’ of 2007 to the present was triggered by a liquidity shortfall in the US banking system. Hamid Varzi said “The US economy, once the envy of the world, is now viewed across the globe with suspicion.” It has resulted in the bailout of banks by national governments, the downturns in stock markets around the world and the collapse of large financial institutions. It has also affected the property markets severely resulting in many evictions and foreclosures. Many economists have even considered it to be the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression in the 1930s. The crisis has contributed to the failure of key businesses, substantial financial commitments incurred by governments, declines in consumer wealth estimated in the hundreds of billions of US dollars and a significant decline in economic activity.
When no deal could be made Paulson told the Wall Street banks to solve the problem collectively since they created the problems collectively. With no end in sight Paulson eventually shelved his moral hazard standing and was forced to make loans to the largest banks in America. Two of the largest companies in the world were United States banks and had lost almost 60 percent of their value. United States banks held nearly 5 trillion in mortgages. AIG alone held billions in credit default swaps and would eventually need nearly 185 billion in government loans to remain in business.
However, with or without human judgment, financial models of credit risk are subject to manipulation, both legally and fraudulently. The forced liquidation of some $3 trillion in private label structured assets has been deprived from the financial markets and the U.S. economy has obtained a vast amount of liquidity that the banking system simply cannot restore. It is not as easy to just assign blame within these case however it is noted that the credit rating agencies unethical decisions practices helped add onto the financial crisis of 2008 and took into account the company’s well-being before any other stakeholders.